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Full text of "The Physics of God and the Quantum Gravity Theory of Everything"

The Physics of God and the Quantum Gravity 
Theory of Everything* 



James Redford 1 
September 10, 2012 



Abstract: Analysis is given of the Omega Point cosmology, an extensively peer- 
reviewed proof (i.e., mathematical theorem) published in leading physics journals 
by professor of physics and mathematics Frank J. Tipler, which demonstrates that 
in order for the known laws of physics to be mutually consistent, the universe 
must diverge to infinite computational power as it collapses into a final cosmo- 
logical singularity, termed the Omega Point. The theorem is an intrinsic compo- 
nent of the Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity/ Standard Model Theory 
of Everything (toe) describing and unifying all the forces in physics, of which 
itself is also required by the known physical laws. With infinite computational re- 
sources, the dead can be resurrected — never to die again — via perfect computer 



emulation of the multiverse from its start at the Big Bang. Miracles are also phys- 
ically allowed via electroweak quantum tunneling controlled by the Omega Point 
cosmological singularity. The Omega Point is a different aspect of the Big Bang 



cosmological singularity — the first cause — and the Omega Point has all the haec- 
claimed for God in the traditional religions. 



ceities 



From this analysis, conclusions are drawn regarding the social, ethical, eco- 
nomic and political implications of the Omega Point cosmology. 



"Originally published at the Social Science Research Network (SSRN) on December 19, 2011, doi: 



10. 2139/ssrn. 1974708 . Herein revised on September 10, 2012. This article and its contents are re- 



leased in the public domain. If one desires a copyright for this work, then this article and its contents 
are also released under Version 3.0 of the "Attribution (By)" Creative Commons license and/or Version 
1.3 of the Gnu Free Documentation License. Note that this article incorporates various priorly-published 
writings of mine in diverse locations. 



'Email address: <jrredford@yahoo.com> 



Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1 974708 



Contents 



1 A Brief Description of the Omega Point Cosmology 



2 History of the Omega Point Cosmology 



3 Physics of the Omega Point Cosmology 



3.1 The Omega Point 



3.2 The Omega Point and the Quantum Gravity Theory of Everything . . 



3.3 The Universal Resurrection of the Dead 



12 

12 
19 
24 



3.4 The Omega Point Cosmology Vis-a-Vis String Theory and Other Pro- 



posed New Physics 



4 Criticisms of the Omega Point Cosmology 



5 The Big Bang 

16 Science Comes Home! 

17 The Nature of God! 



7.1 The Haecceities of God 



7.2 The Aseity of God 



7.3 The Trinity of God 



7.4 The Theodicy of Existence 



7.4.1 The Problem of Evil 



17.4.2 God's Relation to the Old Testament! 

17.4.3 Ha'Mashiachl 



7.4.4 The Soteriology of Existence 



8 The Societal Implications of the Omega Point Cosmology 



18.1 Ethics! 



8.1.1 The Dysteleology of Life without God 



8.1.2 Life with Godl 



8.2 Ponerology Vis-a-Vis Politics 



18.2.1 The Beastl 



8.2.2 The Mark of the Beast 



9 The Omega Point Cosmology Vis-a-Vis the New Testament 



Appendices 



25 
26 
28 
33 

35 

35 
37 
43 
45 
45 
46 
47 
50 

53 

53 
53 
55 
63 
63 
98 

108 

121 



Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1 974708 



EI 


The Bekenstein Boundl 


121 




A.l A Description of the Bekenstein Bound 


. . . 121 




A. 2 The Bekenstein Bound and the Ultimate Future of the Universel . . . 


. . . 123 




A.3 An Example of the Bekenstein Bound 


. . . 126 




A.4 The Bekenstein Bound and Artificial Intelligence 


. . . 126 








B Biography of Frank J. Tipler 


127 






C Biography of the Author 


128 






ID Additional Resourcesl 


128 


Glossary 


130 






Acronyms 


134 






List of Symbols 


135 






Bibliography 


135 



List of Figures 



The Multiversal Formulation of the Omega Point Cosmology 1 



2 The Multiversal Formulation of the Omega Point Cosmology 2 



9 

10 

17 

4 Penrose Diagram of the Omega Point Cosmology| 20 



3 The Universe's Taublike Collapse Cycles 



5 Available Energy During the Universe's Collapse 21 



6 Entropy Growth Allowed During the Universe's Collapse 22 



An Example of a Fractal 42 



1 A Brief Description of the Omega Point Cosmology 

The Omega Point cosmology by Tulane University professor of physics and mathe- 
matics Frank J. Tipler is a proof of God's existence according to the known laws of 
physics, i.e., the Second Law of Thermodynamics, General Relativity, and Quantum 



Mechanics [436-438 440 441 443-445 447]. The theorem is an integral part of the 



Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity/Standard Model Theory of Everything 



(toe), which is also required by the known physical laws [441 445 447]. 



The Omega Point is a term used by Prof. Tipler to designate the final cosmological 
singularity, which according to the known laws of physics is a physically-necessary 
cosmological state in the far future of the universe. Per the laws of physics, as the 
universe comes to an end at this singularity in a particular form of the Big Crunch, 
the computational capacity of the universe (in terms of both its processor speed and 



memory storage) increases unlimitedly with a hyperbolic growth rate as the radius 
of the universe collapses to zero, allowing an infinite number of bits to be processed 



and stored before the end of spacetime. Via this supertask, a simulation run on this 
cosmological computer can thereby continue forever in its own terms (i.e., in computer 
clock time, or experiential time), even though the universe lasts only a finite amount 
ofli 



proper time 



The known laws of physics require there be intelligent civilizations in existence at 
the appropriate time in order to force the collapse of the universe and then manipulate 
its collapse so that the computational capacity of the universe can diverge to infinity. 
Due to the increasing temperature of the universe during the collapse phase (wherein 
the temperature diverges to infinity), life will have to transfer its information processes 
to higher energy states, eventually using elementary particles to directly compute on 
via traveling waves and standing waves. As the radius of the universe goes to zero, the 
matter energy of the universe goes to positive infinity^ thereby allowing the number 
of particle states in which to store information to diverge to infinity. 

The Omega Point final singularity and its state of infinite informational capacity is 



by definition God, due to it having all the haecceities claimed for God by the traditional 



religions (as is detailed in Section 7.1). The final singularity is actually a different 



aspect of the Big Bang initial singularity, i.e., the first cause, a definition of God held by 
all the Abrahamic religions. The implication of the Omega Point cosmology for present- 
day humans is that the cosmic-scale computer close in proper time to the Omega 
Point will be able to run computer emulations which are perfectly accurate down to 
the quantum level of every physically-possible universe, and of any life contained in 



1 For how the matter energy of the universe can diverge to positive infinity without violating the 



conservation of energy, see the excerpt of Prof. Stephen Hawking on p. 16 



4 



them, from the start of the Big Bang (which starts at zero informational capacity and 
diverges to infinite informational capacity as the universe progresses in time, thereby 
allowing sufficiently later states of the universe to perfectly render earlier states). The 
recreated inhabitants at the states near the Omega Point will thereby be resurrected in 
an infinite-duration afterlife, which can take any imaginable form due to its computer- 
rendered nature. 

The interstellar colonization phase required for achieving the Omega Point will 
be accomplished by naturally-evolved sapient lifeforms (with such species indepen- 
dently evolved on average roughly every Hubble volumqj) whose brains have been 
transformed (e.g., with nanotechnology) into artificial computers (such as quantum 
computers) onboard tiny starships of circa one kilogram that will exponentially colo- 
nize space, many times faster than mortal human beings. The incredible expense of 
keeping flesh-and-blood humans alive in space makes it highly improbable that such 
humans will ever personally travel to other stars. Instead, highly efficient substrate- 
transformations of naturally-evolved sapient minds and artificial intelligences will 
spread civilization throughout space. Given the rate of exponential growth of human 
technological development, this colonization phase should likely start before 2100. 
Small spaceships under heavy acceleration up to relativistic speeds can then reach 
nearby stars in less than a decade. In one million years, these superintelligent self- 
replicating spacecraft will have completely colonized the Milky Way Galaxy. In 100 
million years, the Virgo Supercluster will be colonized. From that point on, the entire 
visible universe will be engulfed by these sapient spaceships as it approaches the point 
of maximum expansion. The final singularity of the Omega Point itself will be reached 
between 10 18 and 10 19 years of proper time (i.e., one quintillion to ten quintillion 
years, using the US short scale convention for names of large numbers) Jj 

2 History of the Omega Point Cosmology 

Prof. Tipler's Omega Point cosmology has been peer-reviewed and published in many 
prestigious physics and science journals since 1986 [ j426| |429f|434[ |436f(438[ |440 



443 445 ]. The first book wherein the Omega Point Theory was described was 1986's 



The Anthropic Cosmological Principle, written by astrophysicist John D. Barrow (pro- 



2 Ref. 
3 Ref. 



443 



445 



p. 147 of the Int. J. Astrobio. version, or p. 8 of the arXiv version. 

pp. 915-916 of the Rep. Prog. Phys. version, or pp. 28-29 of the arXiv version. 



fessor at the University of Cambridge) and Tipler, wherein they concluded the book by 
writing thaljj 

if life evolves in all of the many universes in a quantum cosmology, and if life 
continues to exist in all of these universes, then all of these universes, which 
include all possible histories among them, will approach the Omega Point. At the 
instant the Omega Point is reached, life will have gained control of all matter and 
forces not only in a single universe, but in all universes whose existence is logically 
possible; life will have spread into all spatial regions in all universes which could 
logically exist, and will have stored an infinite amount of information, including 
all bits of knowledge which it is logically possible to know. And this is the end. 

In an endnote to the above paragraph, Barrow and Tipler added that "A modern- 
day theologian might wish to say that the totality of life at the Omega Point is om- 
nipotent, omnipresent, and omniscient !'{j The first book solely concentrating on the 
Omega Point Theory was Tipler's The Physics of Immortality: Modern Cosmology, God 



and the Resurrection of the Dead in 1994 [435]. 

An atheist since the age of 16 years [146], what motivated Tipler's investigation 
as to how long life could go on was not religion — indeed, Tipler didn't even set out 
to find God — but instead mathematician and physicist Prof. Freeman J. Dyson's 1979 
Reviews of Modern Physics paper "Time without end: Physics and biology in an open 
universe"Jj 

The term "Omega Point" was coined by Jesuit priest, paleontologist and geolo- 



gist Pierre Teilhard de Chardin in his book The Phenomenon of Man [418], published 



posthumously in 1955, the same year of his death. Teilhard used the term to mean 
the condition he maintained the Earth is evolving to, whereupon superintelligence 
becomes dominate, of which state Teilhard identified as Christ. While both Teilhard 
and Tipler's Omega Point concepts share similarities in their mutual meliorism, their 
physical cosmologies are fundamentally different. Unlike Tipler, Teilhard was not a 
cosmologist, and his Omega Point doesn't go beyond the Earth, a fatal flaw that dooms 
life in Teilhard's cosmology on the grounds of physics. Teilhard's Omega Point concep- 
tion is quite vague in physical details, being more of a philosophic idea. Tipler chose 
Teilhard's term upon realizing that life can continue forever only if the universe ends 



Ref. 13 Ch. 10: "The Future of the Universe", pp. 676-677. The first mention that I could find of 



Tipler's Omega Point cosmology is Ref. [420 
5 Ref. 



3 Ref. 



13 



117 



p. 682. 
For a nontechnical exposition of the ideas presented in this paper, see Ref. 



118 



See Refs. 

259[ and |435| pp. 108, 116-119, 139-140 and 451 for Tipler's discussion of Dyson's ideas and their 
influence on him. Dyson himself twice cites a paper by Barrow and Tipler Jll[ | in his aforementioned 
1979 Rev. Mod. Phys. paper. 



in a solitary-point final singularity]^] In Tipler's use of the term, "Omega Point" means 
end-point, in the sense of the literal end of spacetime at a literal geometric point of 
infinite sharpness. 

The world's leading quantum physicist, David Deutsch (professor at the University 
of Oxford, and inventor of the quantum computer, being the first person to mathemat- 
ically formulate how such a device operates^]), in his 1997 book The Fabric of Reality 
defends the physics of Tipler's Omega Point Theory in Chapter 14: "The Ends of the 
Universe']^] (of which chapter concentrates mainly on the Omega Point Theory) £j 

I believe that the omega-point theory deserves to become the prevailing theory 
of the future of spacetime until and unless it is experimentally (or otherwise) 
refuted. (Experimental refutation is possible because the existence of an omega 
point in our future places certain constraints on the condition of the universe 
today.) 

Deutsch later comments within a concluding paragraph of the same chapter re- 
garding the synthesis of his "four strands" conception of fundamental reality, which 



7 Ref. 



435| pp. 110-117. See ibid., pp. 119, 139-142 (which makes reference to Conditions 1-3 on 



pp. 132-133) for why it is physically impossible for life to continue forever if the universe does not end 
in an Omega Point final singularity. 

In 1998 Deutsch won the Institute of Physics' Paul Dirac Medal and Prize for his work. 



s Ref. 



105 



Prof. Ellis [ 124] in part describes Deutsch's contribution to the field of quantum computation in the fol- 
lowing passage: "He [Dennis Sciama] supervised over 70 PhD students, among them Stephen Hawking, 
Brandon Carter (formulator of the Anthropic Principle in cosmology), Sir Martin Rees, Philip Cande- 
las, John Barrow and David Deutsch (originator of quantum computing) ." (Among other postdoctoral 
positions Tipler held, he was also a postdoctoral researcher under Sciama.) See also the Royal Society 



of London's announcement [363] of Deutsch becoming a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 2008, 



wherein the Society conveys some of his achievements. 

Deutsch's book The Beginning of Infinity was published in 2011 [ 107]. In it Deutsch argues that infi- 
nite progress by humans along with their eventual obtainment of immortality is allowed by the known 
laws of physics. Although on p. 451 of the book, Deutsch mistakenly thinks that the universe's acceler- 
ating expansion disconfirms the Omega Point cosmology. In this book, Deutsch displays no awareness 



of the advancements in the Omega Point cosmology (see p. 16 of this article regarding the acceler- 
ating expansion). Moreover, were the Omega Point cosmology actually disconfirmed, then Deutsch's 
infinite-progress worldview would also be disconfirmed, for unless the laws of physics are considerably 
different than the current known laws of physics, then endless progress would be physically impossible 
(for details on that, see the second sentence in footnote [7] on p. [7] of this article; Deutsch's suggestion 



[ 107 p. 451] of using the dark energy for life's energy requirements does nothing to negate Tipler's 
points here, since the amount of dark energy is still finite over the entire universe). However, in a 
November 28, 2011 email communication with me, Deutsch allowed for the possibility that the Omega 
Point cosmology could be correct. 

9 Ref. 106 pp. 344-366; extracts from said chapter with additional comments by Tipler are available 



at WebC ite: 5 olRwXSFX, <http://goo.gl/nDkHa> 
l0D„f h r\a.\ ™ qcc 



Ref. 106 p. 355. 



includes the strengthened version of mathematician Alan Turing's theory of universal 
computation in the form of the Omega Point Theory fj 

It seems to me that at the current state of our scientific knowledge, this is the 
'natural' view to hold. It is the conservative view, the one that does not propose 
any startling change in our best fundamental explanations. Therefore it ought to 
be the prevailing view, the one against which proposed innovations are judged. 
That is the role I am advocating for it. I am not hoping to create a new orthodoxy; 
far from it. As I have said, I think it is time to move on. But we can move to better 
theories only if we take our best existing theories seriously, as explanations of the 
world. 

One of the world's foremost theologians, Wolfhart Pannenberg (professor emeritus 
at the University of Munich, who holds five honorary Doctor of Divinity degrees), 



defends the theology of the Omega Point cosmology in a number of articles [326-329] 



In 2007 Tipler's book The Physics of Christianity was published [447], which gives 
an update to the latest findings of the Omega Point cosmology while also analyzing its 
pertinence to Christian theology. The Physics of Christianity is written more for a popu- 
lar audience than is The Physics of Immortality, with much less technical details being 
given (of which technical details Tipler instead confines to his papers in the science 
journals). In the book, Tipler identifies the Omega Point as being the Judeo-Christian 
God, particularly as described by Christian theological tradition, e.g., that the Omega 
Point cosmology when formulated in multiversal terms (of which multiverse concep- 
tion isn't necessary for the physics upon which the Omega Point itself is baseq^j) is 
fundamentally triune in its structure: the Final Singularity (i.e., the Omega Point), the 
All-Presents Singularity (which exists at all times at the edge of the multiverse), and 
the Initial Singularity (i.e., the beginning of the Big Bang), which Tipler identifies with 
the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, respectively (successively, the First, Second and 
Third Persons of the Trinity) j^j 



In this book Tipler also analyzes how Jesus Christ could have performed the 



mir- 



acles attributed to him in the New Testament without violating any known laws of 
physics, even if one were to assume that we currently don't exist on a level of im- 
plementation in a computer simulation (in the case that we did, then such miracles 
would be trivially easy to perform for the society which was running the simulation, 
even though it would seem amazing from our perspective). This proposed process 



106, p. 366. 



Xi Ref. 

12 On the inherent multiversal nature of Quantum Mechanics, see Refs. 435 pp. 483-488; 



439 



449 



13 See Figuresfllandplon pp.^and 10 respectively, for diagrams of the multiverse formulation of the 
Omega Point cosmology. 



The Final Singularity 
(Omega Point). Infinite 
entropy, i.e., infinite 
information. 

Universes too small 
to develop structure. 
Entropy remains at 



The All-Presents 
Singularity. 



Universes too large to develop 
structure. Entropy remains at 0. 



Proper time 



The Initial Singulariy 
(start of the Big Bang) 
entropy. 




Universes that 
develop structure. 
Entropy goes from 
to infinity. 



Radii of the universes. 

Currently there are less than 2 10 
different universes in the multiverse. 
This number diverges to infinity as 
the Omega Point is approached. 



Figure 1: A diagram of the multiverse formulation of the Omega Point cosmology. Note that 
the physics of the Omega Point cosmology aren't dependent on a multiverse formulation. See 
also Figure[2]on p. 10 for a different visualization of the multiversal Omega Point cosmology. 



Note A: Sapient life develops, gradually taking over control of more resources in the universes with 
structure, eventually becoming ubiquitous throughout and in control over all resources in each of these 
universes. 

During the colonization phase, life uses baryon annihilation for its energy requirements and for in- 
terstellar travel. In the process, the annihilation of baryons forces the Higgs field toward its absolute 
vacuum, thereby canceling the positive cosmological constant and forcing these universes to collapse. 

During the collapse phase, life in each of these universes uses energy from gravitational shear by 
forcing Taub universe collapses, thereby creating a temperature differential whereby usable energy can 
be obtained. The Taublike collapses, first in one direction, and then another direction (i.e., Mixmaster 
oscillations), are also used to eliminate event horizons, which is necessary for information process- 
ing (and hence life) to continue. This mode of collapse ends (in proper time) in a single c-boundary 
(i.e., causal boundary) point: the Omega Point. The gravitational shear energy thereby available to life 
diverges to infinity as the Omega Point is approached. 

Due to the increasing temperature of these universes during the collapse phase (wherein the temper- 
ature diverges to infinity as the Omega Point is approached), life will have to transfer its information 
processes to higher energy states, eventually using elementary particles to directly compute on. 



The 

Cosmological 

Singularity. 




Figure 2: A diagram of the multiverse formulation of the Omega Point cosmology, here show- 
ing the unified nature of the Cosmological Singularity, with its different aspects being the Initial 
Singularity, the All-Presents Singularity and the Final Singularity, as depicted in Figure [I] on 
p. [9J See also that diagram for an explanation of the other visual features of this diagram. 



10 



uses baryon annihilation, and its inverse, by way of electroweak quantum tunneling 14 
caused via the Principle of Least Action by the physical requirement that the Omega 
Point final cosmological singularity exists. Tipler also proposes that the virgin birth 
of Jesus by Mary could be possible via Jesus being a special type of XX male who 
obtained all of his genetic material from Mary (i.e., an instance of parthenogenesis). 
Tipler concludes that the Star of Bethlehem was either a Type Ic hypernova located 
in the Andromeda Galaxy, or a Type la supernova located in a globular cluster of our 
own Milky Way Galaxy^ 

If the Incarnation of Jesus Christ and the miracles attributed to him in the New Tes- 
tament were necessary in order to lead to the formation of the Omega Point — and if 
the known laws of physics are correct — then the probability of these events occurring 
is certain. Furthermore, Tipler proposes tests on particular relics associated with Jesus 
which, if the relics are genuine, could verify whether in fact said miracles took place 
via the aforementioned mechanisms. Tipler writes in this book that miracles, if they 
indeed exist, do not violate physical law, but instead are events which are so improb- 
able that they would only be likely to occur within human history via the Least-Action 
Principle if the universe is required to evolve into the Omega Point. 

The Physics of Christianity shows a change from Tipler's earlier position within The 
Physics of Immortality regarding theism and Christianity. In the opening paragraph of 
Chapter XII: "The Omega Point and Christianity" of The Physics of Immortality, Tipler 
wrote the foil owing rj 

To emphasize the scientific nature of the Omega Point Theory, let me state here 
that I am at present forced to consider myself an atheist, in the literal sense that 
I am not a theist. {A-theist means "not theist.") I do not yet even believe in the 
Omega Point. The Omega Point Theory is a viable scientific theory of the future 
of the physical universe, but the only evidence in its favor at the moment is theo- 
retical beauty, for there is as yet no confirming experimental evidence for it. Thus 
scientifically one is not compelled to accept it at the time of my writing these 
words. So I do not. [Antony] Flew, among others, has in my opinion made a con- 
vincing case for the presumption of atheism. If the Omega Point Theory and all 
possible variations of it are disconfirmed, then I think atheism in the sense of 



4 For the mechanism in the Standard Model of particle physics that allows for the nonconservation 



of baryon number (i.e., baryon annihilation, and its inverse, baryogenesis), see Refs. 87 198 364 



and 471 Ch. 23: "Extended Field Configurations", pp. 421-477. Weinberg gives a derivation of this 



mechanism from the Atiyah-Singer Index Theorem in Ref. 471 Gerardus 't Hooft, who discovered this 



447 



new physical law in 1976 [ 198 1, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1999. 
15 Ref. 



Ch. 6: "The Christmas Miracle: The Star of Bethlehem", pp. 141-153, of which chapter is 



based u pon R ef. 446 
16 Ref.|435J p. 305. 



11 



Flew, [David] Hume, [Bertrand] Russell, and the other self-described atheists is 
the only rational alternative. But of course I also think the Omega Point Theory 
has a very good chance of being right, otherwise I would never have troubled 
to write this book. If the Omega Point Theory is confirmed, I shall then consider 
myself a theist. 

Tipler is now a theist due to advancements in his Omega Point cosmology which 
occurred after the publication of The Physics of Immortality^^ Namely, Tipler has 
shown that the known laws of physics — specifically, the Second Law of Thermodynam- 
ics, General Relativity, and Quantum Mechanics — require the existence of the Omega 



Point singularity in order to avoid their violation [ ]436f[438[ |440| |44l| |443]-|445] |447j] ; 
whereas in The Physics of Immortality, Tipler investigated what would be necessary 
from the postulate that life continues forever while still keeping the analysis confined 
to the known laws of physics. 

These physical laws have been repeatedly confirmed by every experiment to date, 
constituting a massive body of empirical evidence for the Omega Point cosmology's 
correctness. And as indicated above, Tipler is also now a Christian due to the triune 
structure of the Omega Point cosmology preferentially selecting God as described by 
Christian theological tradition. 



3 Physics of the Omega Point Cosmology 

3.1 The Omega Point 

From his 2005 paper in the journal Reports on Progress in Physics, Prof. Tipler gives 
the following proof that the universe must end in the Omega Point in order for the 
known laws of physics (i.e., the Second Law of Thermodynamics, General Relativity, 
and Quantum Mechanics) to be mutually consistent at all times: 



Astrophysical black holes almost certainly exist, but Hawking [ 186 ] and Wald^ 19 f 
have shown that if black holes are allowed to exist for unlimited proper time, then 



they will completely evaporate, and unitarity will be violated. Thus, unitarity re 



quires that the universe must cease to exist after finite proper time, which implies 



447 



p. 62. 



17 Ref. | 286t see Part 1 concerning Tipler no longer being an atheist. And see Ref. 

18 Ref.R?Il p. 925 of the Rep. Prog. Phys. version; see also pp. 904-905. Citation formatting in the 
quoted passage has been modified for the sake of clarity, including the footnote numbers within super- 
script brackets that have been added by me. For this same proof given elsewhere by Tipler, see Refs. 



436 



438 



440 



441 



443 



445 



447 



~~^ReE |4 63y ChT7 : ^he Hawking Effect", Sec. 7.3: "Evaporation of Black Holes and Loss of Quantum 
Coherence", pp. 175-187. 



12 



that the universe has spatial topology|s^| M The Second Law of Thermodynamics 
says the amount of entropy] in the universe cannot decrease, but Ellis and Co ule 



[ 122 ] and lr_j have shown that the amount of entropy already in the CMBR will 
eventually contradict the Bekenstein Bound near the final singularity unless there 



are no event horizons, since in the presence of horizons the Bekenstein Bound im- 
plies the universal entropy S < constant [i.e., the Bekenstein Bound] x R 2 , where 
R is the radius of the universe, and general relativity requires J?0O at the final 
singularity. If there are no horizons then the (shear) energy density can grow as 
R~ 6 which means that the total available energy grows as (R~ 6 )R 3 ~ R~ 3 , and so 
the Bekenstein Bound yields ER ~ (R~ 3 )R ~ R~ 2 which diverges as R~ 2 as R\—>\ 



at the final singularity' 22 ' The absence of event horizons by definition means 
that the universe's future c-boundary is a single point, call it the Omega Point. 
MacCallum [261 ] has shown that an S 3 closed universe with a single point future 



c-boundary is of measure zero in initial data space. Barrow [12 17], Cornish and 
Levin [96] and Motter [301 ] have shown that the evolution of an S 3 closed uni- 



verse into its final singularity is chaotic. Yorke et al []382 383 ] have shown that a 



chaotic physical system is likely to evolve into a measure zero state if and only if 
its control parameters are intelligently manipulated. Thus life (|=}nteiligent com- 
puters) almost certainly must be present arbitrarily close to the final singularity in 
order for the known laws of physics to be mutually consistent at all times. Misner 
[291 293 294[] has shown in effect that event horizon elimination requires an 



infinite number of distinct manipulations, so an infinite amount of information 
must be processed between now and the final singularity. The amount of infor- 
mation stored at any time diverges to infinity as the Omega Point is approached, 
since S R +00 there, implying divergence of the complexity of the system that 
must be understood to be controlled. 



Explanation of the Proof: Thus it's shown that the Omega Point cosmology is a 
logically-inescapable consequence of the known laws of physicsj^jm the above, the 
phrase "almost certainly" (also called "almost surely" or "with probability 1") is a 
technical term in probability theory that means the likelihood of an event occurring 



20 



Tipler [445 p. 926 of the Rep. Prog. Phys. version] writes that "A dynamical proof for S can be 
found i n Barr ow (1986)", which is Ref.Pul 

21 Ref.|435J App. C: "The Bekenstein Bound", pp. 410-411. Said Appendix is reproduced in Ref.|441 



Sec. 2: "Apparent Inconsistencies in the Physical Laws in the Early Universe", Subsec. a: "Bekenstein 
Bound Inconsistent with Second Law of Thermodynamics", p. 7. 

22 Ref.|435j pp. 410-411 and 462. And Ref.|443J 

23 Ergo, the title of Omega Point Theorem is now correct to apply to the Omega Point cosmology, since 
it is now a mathematical theorem per the Second Law of Thermodynamics, General Relativity, and 



Quantum Mechanics. For more on this, see App. A.2 



13 



has a probability of 1 (with the range of possible values being from to 1 on the real 



line), i.e., that it is infinitely improbable that the event does not occur However, 



another way to state the Second Law of Thermodynamics is that the universe evolves 



from less probable states to more probable states. 25 An infinitely improbable state is 
not a "more probable" state. Hence, in order for an infinitely improbable state to occur 
would require violation of the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Consequently, if the 
known laws of physics are true statements of how the world works, then the Omega 
Point cosmology is logically unavoidable. 

In the above-quoted paragraph, "measure zero" is a technical term in measure the- 
ory (an area of mathematics which deals with the sizes of sets) that means "null set" 
(also called "measure set"). A null set corresponds to a probability of in probabil- 
ity space, which in the above means that its occurrence is infinitely improbable if the 
selection-process is unguided£jHere the "initial data space" is the superset in which 
this "measure zero" set exists. The initial data space is all the possible outcomes which 
could come about given particular physical conditions — the reason for it being called 
"initial" is because as time progresses, events occur which preclude other events from 



taking place. 27 Hence, the initial data space is the largest set of possible outcomes for 
a given physical system. In the context of the above, what it means is that the Omega 
Point cosmological singularity is infinitely improbable acting only on blind and dead 
forces, i.e., that the probability of the universe evolving into the Omega Point without 
intelligent control is infinitely improbable. The reason for this is because in order for 
the universe to evolve into the Omega Point, event horizons must be eliminated, other- 
wise one doesn't get a solitary-point final singularity (which is one of the definitions of 
the Omega Point), but instead a singularity with many different points due to different 
locations of the universe being out of causal contact with each other (which is what 
the term "event horizon" means), which would be completely lethal to life as even- 
tually even a single computer with the complexity and intelligence of a human mind 
would be out of causal contact with the rest of itself, thereby making human-level 
intelligence impossible (and progressing further in time, eventually even the simplest 
form of life would become out causal contact with the rest of itself). Yet in order to 
eliminate event horizons requires intelligence to direct the collapse trajectories of the 
universe, necessitating an infinite number of distinct manipulations as the universe col- 
lapses toward the Omega Point. Because the complexity of the universe grows without 
bound, and because the universe must be understood so that its collapse trajectories 



24 Ref. 
25 Ref. 
26 Refs. 
27 Refs. 



277 



488 



50 



p. 1269. 

Ch. 2: "General Principles of Statistical Thermodynamics", p. 94. 

3. 73 (or p. 41 of the r eprin t) ;|l69| pp. 1-2. 



432 



p. 171 of the reprint; |435J p.TBT;[l3) pp. 495-496, 501-502. 

14 



can be controlled, life growing in intelligence without bound — becoming literally infi- 
nite in intelligence at the end of proper time — is a logically inherent consequence of 
the known laws of physics p*| 

The phrase "arbitrarily close" in the foregoing block quotation of Tipler is a techni- 
cal term in analysis (a branch of mathematics which includes calculus) that refers to 
the limit of a function. It means infinitesimally close, or infinitely close 29 The reason 
for this term being used here is because while the known laws of physics say that the 
cosmological singularity must exist, no possible laws of physics can apply to the sin- 
gularity itself, because physical values are at infinity there, and hence it's not possible 
to perform the arithmetical operations of addition or subtraction (nor multiplication 
or division) on those physical values in order to apply a physics equation to them. 



Further Elaboration: During the collapse phase of the universe, life obtains gravi- 
tational shear energy by forcing cycles of Taub universe collapses (named after physi- 
cist Abraham Haskel Taut 30 ), whereby the universe collapses in one direction into 
the shape of an oblate spheroid by life directing trajectories of mass, thereby creat- 
ing greater heating in the direction of collapse and hence a temperature differential 
whereby usable energy can be obtained j^JThe Taublike collapses, first in one direction, 
and then another direction (i.e., Mixmaster oscillations 3 ^), are also used to eliminate 
event horizons by allowing communication across the universe in the direction of col- 
lapse, which is necessary for information processing (and hence life) to continue. 33 
This mode of collapse ends (in proper time, as in computer clock time it never ends) 
in a single c-boundary (i.e., causal boundary) point: the Omega Point. The gravita- 



28 To elaborate on this matter, in order to eliminate event horizons life will have to understand the 
universe to some degree. Life can't understand the universe in which it lives perfectly, since that would 
involve a proper subset perfectly modeling its proper superset. Here the degree of life's understanding 
doesn't matter to this argument, as the issue is that the complexity of the universe is increasing, and this 
will necessarily increase the complexity of far-future life's imperfect models of how the universe is to 
evolve and thus how they are to respond to it so as to manipulate the universe's collapse trajectories — 
the point being here is that whatever their degree of understanding, said knowledge will still have to 
diverge to inf inity. 

29 Ref. 



158 



30 Refs.262 



Sec. 5.1: "Limits", p. 31. 



292 



313 



416 and 369 Ch. 8: "T-NUT-M Space— Open to Closed to Open", pp. 132- 



146. Taub collapses have also been termed Kasner crushings, after mathematician Edward Kasner. 

435 pp. 136-144 and 462-463. This process which avoids Heat Death is depicted in Figure[3] 



x Ref. 



on p. 17 
32 Rers. 



291 



293 



294 



A Mixmaster universe is also called a Bianchi Type IX universe. 
33 Black hole event horizons are eventually eliminated via the trapped surfaces of today's black holes 
merging with the future trapped surfaces of the collapsing universe. See Ref. 435 , App. H: "The Classical 
Omega Point Universe: Mathematical Details", pp. 478-479. Cf. Ref. |438| 2nd sentence of Sec. 6. 



15 



tional shear energy thereby available to life diverges to infinity as the Omega Point is 
approached. That is, by making the negative gravitational energy go to minus infin- 
ity, the positive energy available to life goes to plus infinity, as the total energy of the 
universe at all times sums to exactly zero, as physicist Stephen Hawking has pointed 
out: 



.34 



The answer [to where the universe's energy came from] is that the total en- 
ergy of the universe is exactly zero. The matter in the universe is made out of 
positive energy. However, the matter is all attracting itself by gravity. Two pieces 
of matter that are close to each other have less energy than the same two pieces a 
long way apart, because you have to expend energy to separate them against the 
gravitational force that is pulling them together. Thus, in a sense, the gravitational 
field has negative energy. In the case of a universe that is approximately uniform 
in space, one can show that this negative gravitational energy exactly cancels the 
positive energy represented by the matter. So the total energy of the universe is 
zero. 

Now twice zero is also zero. Thus the universe can double the amount of 
positive matter energy and also double the negative gravitational energy without 
violation of the conservation of energy. ... As [physicist Alan] Guth has remarked, 
"It is said that there's no such thing as a free lunch. But the universe is the ultimate 
free lunch." 

The distance traversed in order for a signal (such as from a photon) to make a com- 
plete transition across the universe gets shorter and shorter as the universe collapses 



into the final singularity 35 In other words, the universe's processor speed diverges 
toward becoming infinitely fast as the universe collapses into the singularity, as the 
amount of time it takes to send a signal across the universe is getting shorter. A light 
ray thereby traverses an infinite number of times across the entire universe before the 
final singularity, allowing an infinite number of computer clock cycles before the end 
of proper time. Hence, experiential time lasts forever, i.e., the number of thoughts that 
occur is infinite. 

At the same time, the universe's entropy (i.e., informational complexity) diverges 
to infinity. In other words, the universe's memory space diverges to infinity at the same 
time that the universe's processor speed is diverging to infinity, with both becoming 
infinite at the final singularity (i.e., infinite processor speed and infinite memory space 
at the final singularity) . 

Some have suggested that the current acceleration of the universe's expansion due 
to the positive cosmological constant would appear to obviate the Omega Point. Al- 



34 Ref. 
35 This 



188 



Ch. 8: "The Origin and Fate of the Universe", pp. 166-1 67. 



process is depicted in the Penrose Diagram of FigurepMon p. 

16 



20 




Figure 3: 2-Sphere representations of the universe during stages of one of its Taublike col- 



lapses. The actual spatial topology of the universe is that of a 3-sphere The technical term 
for this squashed sphere shape is oblate spheroid, which is a type of ellipsoid, and which has a 
3-sphere analogue in addition to the 2-sphere form depicted above. In order to overcome event 
horizons so that light will circumnavigate the universe just once in the collapsing direction — 
hence allowing communication across the universe — the size of the universe in that direction 



must decrease by a factor of approximately 70 Q435 p. 144], as depicted in frame (c). Collapse 
in that direction is then halted and the universe undergoes collapse in a different direction, 
with an infinite number of these different Taublike collapses (i.e., Mixmaster oscillations) oc- 
curring before the final singularity, thereby allowing light to circumnavigate the universe an in- 
finite number of times before the end of proper time thus creating an infinite-communication 



universe whereby every point in the universe is able to signal to every other point in the 
universe an infinite number of times. These anisotropic collapse cycles additionally provide 
gravitational shear energy for life by creating a temperature differential across the universe, 
because greater heating occurs in the direction of collapse. 



17 



though physicists Profs. Lawrence M. Krauss and Michael S. Turner have pointed out 



[242] that 



The recognition that the cosmological constant may be non-zero forces us to re- 
evaluate standard notions about the connection between geometry and the fate of 
our Universe. An open Universe can recollapse, and a closed Universe can expand 
forever. As a corollary we point out that there is no set of cosmological obser- 
vations we can perform that will unambiguously allow us to determine what the 
ultimate destiny of the Universe will be. 

The reason why cosmological observations cannot tell us whether the universe will 
expand forever or eventually collapse is because that is dependent on the actions of 
intelligent life. The known laws of physics provide the mechanism for the universe's 
collapse. As required by the Standard Model of particle physics, the net baryon number 
was created in the early universe by baryogenesis via electroweak quantum tunneling. 
This necessarily forces the Higgs field to be in a vacuum state that is not its absolute 
vacuum, which is the cause of the observed cosmological constant. But by sapient 
life annihilating baryons in the universe — again via electroweak quantum tunneling 
(which is allowed in the Standard Model, as baryon number minus lepton number, 
B — L, is conservecQ — the Higgs field is forced toward its absolute vacuum state, 
canceling the observed cosmological constant and thereby allowing the universe to 
collapse. Moreover, this process will provide the ideal form of energy resource and 
rocket propulsion during the colonization phase of the universe. As Tipler writes: 



.37 



The |SM| provides such a mechanism, which I actually discussed in the last section 



of the Appendix for Scientists in ([435 ], p. 515). This mechanism is the creation/ 
destruction of baryon number by electroweak quantum tunneling. (Baryons are 
the heavy particles made up of quarks. Examples are neutrons and protons.) In 
my book, I pointed out that this mechanism would be ideal for propelling inter- 
stellar spacecraft, but I did not discuss its implications for the Higgs vacuum, a 
serious oversight on my part. (An oversight which invalidates the second part of 



my Fifth Prediction on page 149 of [435].) If the SM is true — ALL experiments 



conducted to date indicate that it is (e.g. [476] and [345 ], last full paragraph on 



36/ 
37 



Again, see footnote 14 on p. 11 for the details of this mechanism. 



Ref. 



444 



Citation numbering in the quoted passage has been modified for the sake of clarity. See 



also Refs. 441 |443| [445 , 447 for more on this mechanism of the universe's collapse. In his 1994 book, 



Tipler recognized that the Higgs field could stop the collapse of the universe but did not at the time 
investigate the full implications of this | ]435[ p. 465; cf. p. 150] : "The only known mechanism that could 
stop the contraction [of the universe] is the positive cosmological constant A [Lambda] that must exist 
(if the standard model is correct) to cancel the current negative energy density of the Higgs field; . . . ". 



18 



p. 35) — then the net baryon number observed in the universe must have been cre- 
ated in the early universe by this mechanism of electroweak quantum tunneling. 
If the baryons were so created, then this process necessarily forces the Higgs field 
to be in a vacuum state that is not its absolute vacuum. But if the baryons in the 
universe were to be annihilated by this process, say by the action of intelligent 
life, then this would force the Higgs field toward its absolute vacuum, canceling 
the positive cosmological constant, stopping the acceleration, and allowing the 
universe to collapse into the Omega Point. Conversely, if enough baryons are not 
annihilated by this process, the positive cosmological constant will never be can- 
celled, the universe will expand forever, unitarity will be violated, and the Omega 
Point will never come into existence. Only if life makes use of this process to 
annihilate baryons will the Omega Point come into existence. 



3.2 



The Omega Point and the Quantum Gravity Theory of Every- 
thing 



In his 2005 paper in the journal Reports on Progress in Physics [445], Tipler demon- 



strates that the correct 38 quantum gravity theory has existed since 1962, first dis- 



covered in that year by Richard Feynman [134-136 138] (awarded the 1965 Nobel 



Prize in Physics), and further independently developed by Bryce DeWitt [108-111], 



Steven Weinberg [469] (awarded the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics), and others 
[130 142 267 268[]. But because these physicists were looking for equations with 



a finite number of terms (i.e., differential equations with derivatives no higher than 
second order), they abandoned this qualitatively unique quantum gravity theory since 



in order for it to be consistent it requires an arbitrarily higher number of terms [447]. 
"They also did not realize that the correct quantum gravity theory is consistent only if 
a certain set of boundary conditions are imposed . . . ", writes Tipler (which includes 
the initial Big Bang, and the final Omega Point, cosmological singularities) 39 The 
equations for this theory of quantum gravity are term-by-term finite, but the same 
mechanism that forces each term in the series to be finite also forces the entire series 
to be infinite (i.e., infinities that would otherwise occur in spacetime, consequently 
destabilizing it, are transferred to the cosmological singularities, thereby preventing 



the universe from immediately collapsing into nonexistence ). Tipler writes thai 



41 



38 That is, correct according to the known laws of physics 
39 Ref.|445l p. 899 of the Rep. Prog. Phys. version. 



40 On this matter, see Refs. 
2007 bo ok |[447 1 



15 



427 in addition to Tipler's 2005 Rep. Prog. Phys. paper [ 445 | and his 



41 Ref. 447 p. 49, and the endnote on p. 279 to the sentence before the ellipsis. 



19 



The Omega Point 
Final Singularity. 



Worldline of the Earth 



Time 




Worldline of a point in 

the universe antipodal 

to the Earth. 



Space 



The Big Bang Initial Singularity. 



Figure 4: A Penrose Diagram (named after physicist Roger Penrose [428]) of the Omega Point 
cosmology, showing the c-boundary (i.e., causal boundary) of a solitary-point final singular- 
ity, termed the Omega Point. A photon traverses the entire length of the universe an infinite 
number of times before the final singularity is reached. Furthermore, the distance between an- 
tipodal points in the universe becomes closer and closer as the universe collapses into the final 
singularity, meaning that the time it takes a photon to travel between opposite points of the 
universe becomes shorter and shorter, i.e., the time it takes to send a signal between different 
points in the universe is decreasing. In other words, an infinite number of computer processor 
cycles occur before the final singularity (i.e., an infinite number of bits are processed, i.e., an 
infinite number of thoughts occur), and the processor speed of the universe diverges to infinity 
as the universe collapses into the final singularity. 



20 



16 -i 
15 
14 
13 - 
12 - 
11 - 
10 

9 

8 - 

7 - 

6 

5 

4 

3 - 

2 - 

1 







12 3 4 5 6 7 



9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 



Figure 5: Total available energy as the radius of the universe goes to zero: E — R~ 6 x R 3 — 
R~ 3 — 1/R 3 . That is, for every halving of the universe's radius R, the total available energy E 
increases by 8 times. In the graph, the horizontal axis is the radius, and the vertical axis is the 
energy The limit of this function is lim^o ^3 — +°° x E- 



21 



16 -i 
15 - 
14 
13 
12 - 
11 - 
10 

9 

8 

7 - 

6 - 



2 - 



^H^ - 1 I I I I I I I I I I 
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 1 12 13 14 15 16 

Figure 6: Entropy growth allowed by the Bekenstein Bound as the radius of the universe goes 
to zero: S < R~ 3 X R — R~ 2 — 1/R 2 . That is, for every halving of the universe's radius R, 
the entropy S allowed by the Bekenstein Bound can increase by 4 times. In the graph, the 
horizontal axis is the radius, and the vertical axis is the entropy. 



22 



It is a fundamental mathematical fact that this [infinite series] is the best that 
we can do 

This is somewhat analogous to Liouville's theorem in complex analysis, which 
says that all analytic functions other than constants have singularities either a 
finite distance from the origin of coordinates or at infinity. 

From the aforesaid Reports on Progress in Physics paper, Tipler elaborates on the 
mathematics and physics of this issue, in part explained below: 42 



So basic quantum field theory quickly forces upon us the general invariant 
action 




+ c 2 2 vr + - + ^V;/ r;<, + ---) 



(3) 



This is the qualitatively unique gravitational Lagrangian picked out by quan- 
tum mechanics. Physicists do not like it because (1) it has an infinite number of 
(renormalizable) constants c 1 -, all of which must be determined by experiment 
and (2) it will it not yield second order differential equations which all physicists 
know and love. But the countable number of constants are in effect axioms of 
the theory, and I pointed out in an earlier section that the Lowenheim-Skolem 
theorem suggests there is no real difference between a theory with a countable 
number of axioms and a theory with a finite number of axioms. The finite case is 
just easier for humans to deal with, provided the 'finite' number is a small number. 



Further, as Weinberg ([470], pp 499, 518-519) has emphasized, this Lagrangian 



generates a quantum theory of gravity that is just as renormalizable as QED and 

the[SMl 

Since quantum field theory itself is forcing the Lagrangian ([3]) on us, I pro- 
pose that we accept the judgement of quantum mechanics and accept ^ (and 
the countable number of additional terms involving the non-gravitational fields 
interacting with the h„ v ) as the actual Lagrangian of reality. 



Donoghue [ 114 ] and Donoghue and Torma [ 115 ] have shown that Lagrangian 
([3]) will not contradict experiment provided the (renormalized) values of the infi- 
nite number of new coupling constants are sufficiently small. . . . 

One consequence of the above Lagrangian being the true description of quantum 
gravity is that so long as one is within spacetime, then one can never obtain a complete 



42 Ref. 445 p. 914 of the Rep. Prog. Phys. version. Citation formatting in the quoted passage has been 
modified for the sake of clarity. Typographical errors in this quoted passage have been corrected, again 
for clarity. 

23 



description of quantum gravity and hence of physics: there will always be infinitely 
more to learn and discover in the field of physics, including by requiring the use of 



experiment [447]. Physics will become ever-more refined, knowledgeable and precise, 



but never complete (i.e., within spacetime). Only at the final singularity of the Omega 
Point (which is not in spacetimepj) will the full description of physics be obtained. 

In the same journal article, Tipler combines the above theory of quantum gravity 
with the extended Standard Model of particle physics in order to form the Theory of 
Everything (toe) correctly describing and unifying all the forces in physics Q 

The Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity/ Standard Model toe solves all 
the outstanding problems in physics and cosmology, such as the black hole information 
issue; the dark matter and the dark energy; the observed isotropy homogeneity, and 
spatial flatness of the universe; the observed excess of matter over antimatter; the 
observed photon to baryon ratio; the Harrison-Zel'dovich perturbation spectrum; the 
Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin Ultra-High-Energy Cosmic Rays issue; the Gauge Hierarchy 
Problem; the free parameters to the Standard Model; etc. 



Out of 50 articles, Tipler's said paper was selected [325] as one of 12 for the 
"Highlights of 2005" accolade as 

the very best articles published in Reports on Progress in Physics in 2005 [Vol. 68] . 
Articles were selected by the Editorial Board for their outstanding reviews of the 
field. They all received the highest praise from our international referees and a 
high number of downloads from the journal Website. 

Reports on Progress in Physics is the leading peer-reviewed journal of the Institute 
of Physics, Britain's main professional body for physicists. Further, Reports on Progress 
in Physics has a higher impact factor (according to Journal Citation Reports^) than 
Physical Review Letters, which is the most prestigious American physics journal (one, 
incidently which Prof. Tipler has been published in more than once). A journal's im- 
pact factor is a measure of the importance the science community places in that jour- 
nal in the sense of actually citing its papers in their own papers, with a higher number 
meaning more citations. Impact factors published by Journal Citation Reports are the 
standard measure used to compare a journal's influence. 



3.3 The Universal Resurrection of the Dead 

Given an infinite amount of computational resources, recreating the exact quantum 



state of our present universe is trivial (per the Bekenstein Bound), requiring at most a 



182 



43 Ref. 
44 See also 
45 Refs.[85 



Ch. 6: "Causal struc ture", Sec. 6.8: "The causal boundary of space-time", pp. 217-221. 
Refs. 



and 



441 


445 


447 


211 


p. 37 





for where Tipler has described the Omega Point toe elsewhere. 



24 



mere 10 123 bits (the number which Roger Penrose calculated), or at most a mere 2 10 
bits for every different quantum configuration of the universe logically possible (i.e., 
the powerset, of which the multiverse in its entirety at this point in universal history 
is a proper subset of this powerset) £j So the Omega Point will be able to resurrect us 
using merely an infinitesimally small amount of total computational resources: indeed, 
the multiversal resurrection will occur between 10~ 10 and 10~ 10 seconds before the 
Omega Point is reached, as the computational capacity of the universe at that stage will 
be great enough that doing so will require only a trivial amount of total computational 



resources] 47 ! 



The Continuity of Consciousness: Logically speaking, an exact emulation is the 
thing being emulated. If it were not, then this would violate the Law of Identity in 
the field of logic, and thus it would be a logical contradiction. An exact emulation of, 



e.g., a human is merely a very large number 48 Indeed, even the entire lifetime of a 
human can be perfectly described by a single number — a tremendously large number 
compared to the numbers we're used to dealing with, but still quite finite. 

To say that a perfect emulation is not the thing being emulated would be the same 
as saying that 3765258724 # 3765258724, i.e., that there is something about the 
number 3765258724 on the left-hand side of the foregoing relation which makes it 
nonequivalent to the version on the right-hand side. But this is a logical contradiction, 
as it violates the Law of Identity that A = A. 

So as conclusively as one can maintain that A = A (and one can be logically certain 
of this), then one can be confident that one's resurrected self will be oneself in every 
possible way, and that one's consciousness will continue. Again, to suppose otherwise 
involves a logical contradiction. 

3.4 The Omega Point Cosmology Vis-a-Vis String Theory and Other 
Proposed New Physics 

According to string theorist Prof. Brian Greene, it is unknown if singularities of gravi- 
tational collapse are possible or excluded in String Theory as applied to the actual ge- 
ometry of the universe, although he states that string theorists suspect that no object 



46 Ref. 
47 Ref. 



445 



435 



pp. 903-904 of the Rep. Prog. Phys. version. 

Ch. IX: "The Physics of the Resurrection of the Dead to Eternal Life", Sec: "When Will the 
Dead Be Raised?", pp. 225. 
48 For the details on this, see App.C\l 



25 



can be compressed below the Planck length within String Theory^] If such singular- 
ities are not possible in String Theory, then String Theory would violate the known 
laws of physics in this regard, specifically General Relativity (for details on this, see 
the discussion regarding the Penrose-Hawking-Geroch Singularity Theorems in Sec- 
tion [5]). As well, the Omega Point cosmology requires the existence of a cosmological 
singularity at the end of proper time, and the Omega Point cosmology is required by 
the known laws of physics. 



Prof. Stephen Hawking has proposed [189] a solution to the black hole informa- 



tion issue in order to preserve unitarity but without the universe collapsing which 
is dependent on the conjectured String Theory-based anti-de Sitter space/conformal 
field theory correspondence (AdS/CFT correspondence). Besides proposing new phys- 
ical laws that have no experimental confirmation in an effort to solve the black hole 
information problem, Hawking's proposal also violates the known laws of physics (see 



Appendix A. 2 for the details on that). 

Whereas the known laws of physics have been confirmed by every experiment con- 
ducted to date, String Theory has never been confirmed by even a single experiment. 
As yet, String Theory has been nothing more than pure mathematics with the aspira- 
tion held by its proponents of someday becoming physics — a goal that has so far been 
a wild-goose chase. Tipler himself argues against the validity of String Theory in its 



current state [445]. The same lack of experimental confirmation presently applies to 
all other forms of proposed new physics, and such proposed new physics also violate 
the known laws of physics. 



4 Criticisms of the Omega Point Cosmology 

To date the only peer-reviewed paper in a physics journal that has criticized Tipler's 
Omega Point cosmology has been in 1994 by physicists Prof. George Ellis and Dr. 



David Coule in the journal General Relativity and Gravitation [122]. In the paper, El- 
lis and Coule unwittingly gave an argument that the Bekenstein Bound violates the 
Second Law of Thermodynamics if the universe collapses without having event hori- 
zons eliminated J^j Yet in order to bring about the Omega Point, event horizons must 
be eliminated, and Tipler cites this paper in favor of the fact that the known laws of 
physics require the Omega Point to existp] 



49 



Ref. 



160J Ch. 10: "Quantum Geometry", Sec: "How General Is This Conclusion?", pp. 254-255; cf. 

pp. 



pp. 236, 239 , 252 -255 and 357-358. 

S0 See Ref. 122 p. 733, Equation No. 3, and the discussion by Tipler on this paper in Ref. 



435 



410-411. 
sl Ref. 445 p. 925 of the Rep. Prog. Phys. version. 



26 



There have also been a number of unrefereed book reviews appearing in science 
journals and popular science magazines which have been critical of Tipler's Omega 
Point cosmology. Writing in the "Book Reviews" section of the journal Nature, Ellis 
[123[] described Tipler's book The Physics of Immortality as "a masterpiece of pseu- 



doscience. . . . the product of a fertile and creative imagination unhampered by the 
normal constraints of scientific or philosophical discipline." Ellis's criticisms in his re- 
view consist of the logical fallacy of bare assertion while ignoring what Tipler actually 
wrote. If one ignores what the critiqued individual wrote then one can construct any 
irrelevant objection. 

For example, Ellis asserts that Tipler "ignores the fact" that life cannot exist at 
arbitrarily high temperatures, but it is Ellis who ignores the fact that Tipler already 
addressed this matter in the very book under review. Physics allows life to exist as the 
temperature diverges to infinity if enough energy is available in which to record pro- 
cessed information (i.e., store manipulated bits) and the information-bearing medium 
exists at an energy level high enough in which to store information at the given tem- 
peratures. Tipler points out in his said book that such energy will be available and 
that within the Omega Point cosmology the energy levels for the medium in which to 
store information at the given temperatures automatically scale with the collapse of 
the universe Jilt's as if Ellis skimmed parts of the book without reading all of it, and 
hence is unaware that his objections were already addressed 



53 



In the magazine New Scientist, physicist Prof. Lawrence M. Krauss [243] referred 
to Tipler's book The Physics of Christianity as "a collection of half-truths and exaggera- 
tions, I am tempted to describe Tipler's new book as nonsense — but that would be un- 
fair to the concept of nonsense. It is far more dangerous than mere nonsense . . . ". Else- 
where, Krauss has made it a point to emphasize what he considers to be the utter pur- 



poselessness of the universe and the futility of human life within in. 54 It's quite bizarre 
then how Tipler's writings could possibly be viewed as "dangerous" by Krauss, since 
per Krauss's Weltanschauung, existence is completely pointless. Apparently Krauss be- 
lieves that Tipler's "dangerous" ideas pose the risk of screwing up mankind's pointless 
fate! 

In his review, Krauss repeatedly commits the logical fallacy of bare assertion. 
Krauss gives no indication that he followed up on the endnotes in the book The Physics 
of Christianity and actually read Tipler's physics journal papers. All that Krauss is going 
off of in said review is Tipler's mostly nontechnical popular-audience book The Physics 



52 Ref. 
53 Ellis 



435 



pp. 46 1-46 3, 465, 473 and 475-476. See also Ref. 



445 



elsewhere [399] makes this same faulty criticism, also with no apparent awareness that Tipler 



already addr essed this matter. 
S4 Ref. 244 43:10 min:sec ff. At 55:53 min:sec ff., Krauss uses an invective to refer to Tipler. 



27 



of Christianity without researching Tipler's technical papers in the physics journals. 
Krauss's review offers no actual lines of reasoning for Krauss's pronouncements. His 
readership is simply expected to imbibe what Krauss proclaims, even though it's clear 
that Krauss is merely critiquing a popular-audience book which does not attempt to 
present the rigorous technical details. 

For instance, Krauss asserts that "He [Tipler] claims that we have a clear and con- 
sistent theory of quantum gravity. We don't." Whereas Tipler gives detailed arguments 
for the Omega Point/Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity/ Standard Model 



Theory of Everything (toe) in his 2005 Reports on Progress in Physics paper [445]. 
Krauss displays no awareness of this peer-reviewed paper or of Tipler's other refereed 
papers on the Omega Point cosmology published in many physics journals. 

Although in this same review, Krauss does admit that the mechanism that Tipler 



proposes for Jesus Christ's miracles is physically sound if said miracles were necessary 
in order to lead to the formation of the Omega Point and if the Omega Point is required 
in order for existence to exist. 

Ironically, Krauss has actually published a paper that greatly helped to strengthen 
Tipler's Omega Point cosmology. Some have suggested that the current acceleration of 
the universe's expansion due to the positive cosmological constant would appear to 
obviate the Omega Point. However, Profs. Krauss and Michael S. Turner point out in 
Reference |242| that "there is no set of cosmological observations we can perform that 
will unambiguously allow us to determine what the ultimate destiny of the Universe 
will be." 

As pointed out with Ellis and Coule's criticism, this isn't the first time that this 
ironic outcome has befallen critics of Tipler's Omega Point cosmology. So when Tipler's 
critics actually do real physics instead of issuing bare assertions and nihil ad rem cavils, 
they end up making Tipler's case stronger. Ironic though it is, nevertheless that's the 
expected result, since the Omega Point cosmology is required by the known laws of 
physics. 

5 The Big Bang 

Physics, in the form of the Big Bang cosmology, has many decades ago already demon- 
strated per the known laws of physics that God exists, since the Big Bang singularity 
is the first cause, one of the ancient definitions of God held by all the Abrahamic 
religions. 

Unfortunately, most modern physicists have been all too willing to abandon the 
laws of physics if it produces results that they're uncomfortable with, i.e., in reference 



28 



to religion. It's the antagonism for religion on the part of the scientific community 
which greatly held up the acceptance of the Big Bang (for some 40 years), due to 
said scientific community's displeasure with it confirming the traditional theological 
position of creatio ex nihilo, and also because no laws of physics can apply to the 
singularity itself: i.e., quite literally, the singularity is supernatural! i n trie sense that 
no form of physics can apply to it, since physical values are at infinity at the singularity, 
and so it is not possible to perform arithmetical operations on them; and in the sense 
that the singularity is beyond creation, as it is not a part of spacetime, but rather is the 
boundary of space and time 



55 



The originator of the Big Bang theory was Roman Catholic priest and physicist 

and it was enthusiastically endorsed by Pope Pius 



Prof. Georges Lemaitre in 1927: 



56 



XII in 1951, long before the scientific community finally came to accept it. Indeed, 
Lemaitre relates that when he spoke with Albert Einstein regarding his Primaeval Atom 
Hypothesis, Einstein's response to it was "Non, pas cela, cela suggere trop la creation" 
("No, not this — this too much suggests the creation") p] 



55 Ref. 182 Ch. 6: "Causal structure 
56 Refs. 



247 



251 



Sec. 6.8: "The causal boundary of space-time", pp. 217-221. 
Alexander Friedmann was the first to derive solutions to Einstein's field equations 



that require the curvature of space to vary with time [ 144 145 ], but did not suggest that the universe 



was actually expanding. Lemaitre independently derived the solutions, and proposed that the universe 
was in fact expanding (as also the title to his first paper [247] on the subject indicates), while providing 
observational evidence that this was so. For histories on this, see Refs. 57 241 285 As physicist George 
C. McVittie wrote [ 285[ p. 296] in the Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society's obituary for 
Lemaitre, 

It is true that, unknown to Lemaitre, the Russian mathematician A. Friedmann had, in 
1922 and 1924, published papers in which the general differential equation for [Ein- 
stein's field equations' radial scale-factor] R was considered. But Lemaitre went beyond 
the determination of a specific form for R: he showed that his model could be used to in- 
terpret the observed redshift in the spectra of extragalactic nebulae, regarded as a Doppler 
effect. With this step, cosmology, as we know it today, was launched. 



And as physicist Alain Blanchard wrote [57 p. 241], 



the questions he [Lemaitre] addressed shows that he was the first cosmologist in the mod- 
ern sense ... In this sense, [according] to [cosmologist] Jim Peebles, Physical Cosmology 
during the century was essentially a continuation of Lemaitre's program (Peebles, 1991). 



Wherein "(Peebles, 1991)" is Ref. 
S7 Ref. 



252 



332 



Lemaitre's meaning of "atome primitif" is the initial cosmological singularity of zero radius, 
with "atom" being used in the ancient Greek sense of Leucippus and Democritus as an indivisible unity 



[ 253 p. 477] . Lemaitre's Primaeval Atom Hypothesis would later be mathematically proved per General 



Relativity with the Penrose-Hawking-Geroch Singularity Theorems, discussed in this section farther 
below. 



29 



Genesis 1:1 and John 1:1-5 assert that the universe had a beginning, and that 
God is its First Cause 58 Rabbi Moses Maimonides. 59 and Thomas Aquinas in his Five 
Waysj^jhad both defined God as the uncaused First Cause 61 which is equivalent to 
Aristotle's conception of God as the Unmoved First Mover (i.e., the Prime Mover). 62 
The physics community was therefore quite reluctant to confirm with the Big Bang 
that God exists per this traditional and ancient definition of God. 

As regards physicists abandoning physical law due to their theological discomfort 
with the Big Bang cosmology, in an article by Prof. Tipler he gives the following exam- 
ple involving no less than physicist Prof. Steven Weinberg^] 

The most radical ideas are those that are perceived to support religion, specif- 
ically Judaism and Christianity. When I was a student at MIT in the late 1960s, I 
audited a course in cosmology from the physics Nobelist Steven Weinberg. He told 
his class that of the theories of cosmology, he preferred the Steady State Theory 
because "it least resembled the account in Genesis" (my emphasis). In his book 



The First Three Minutes (chapter 6),' 64 Weinberg explains his earlier rejection of 
the Big Bang Theory: "[0]ur mistake is not that we take our theories too seriously, 
but that we do not take them seriously enough. It is always hard to realize that 
these numbers and equations we play with at our desks have something to do 
with the real world. Even worse, there often seems to be a general agreement that 
certain phenomena are just not fit subjects for respectable theoretical and experimen- 
tal effort." [My emphasis — J. R.] 

I have now known Weinberg for over thirty years, and I know that he has 
always taken the equations of physics very seriously indeed. He and I are both 
convinced that the equations of physics are the best guide to reality, especially 
when the predictions of these equations are contrary to common sense. But as 
he himself points out in his book, the Big Bang Theory was an automatic conse- 
quence of standard thermodynamics, standard gravity theory, and standard nu- 



s8 Cf. 2 Mac cabees 7:28. 

S9 Ref.|265| Part 1, Ch. 69, pp. 102-105, passim. 
1st Part, Question 2, Art. 3. 



60 



Ref. 



419 



61 Interestingly, the First Cause does have a cause in the sense of future-to-past causality. However, in 
past-to-future causality, all causal chains begin at the Big Bang initial singularity, and so it is uncaused 
in the sense of how humans commonly think of causality. Another sense in which the cosmological 



singularity is uncaused is that it is outside of spacetime [ 182 pp. 217-221], and therefore eternal, as 
time does not apply to it. 

62 Ref. [6} Bo ok 12 (A), Ch. 7, Bekker Nos. ca. 1072a20-1073al0. 

63 Ref. 442 In the quoted passage, the footnote number within the superscript brackets was added 



by me. Also see Ref. 442 for a number of other such examples of physicists rejecting physical law if it 



conflicts with their distaste for religion. 
64 Ref.|468 



30 



clear physics. All of the basic physics one needs for the Big Bang Theory was well 
established in the 1930s, some two decades before the theory was worked out. 
Weinberg rejected this standard physics not because he didn't take the equations 
of physics seriously but because he did not like the religious implications of the 
laws of physics 

Prof. Stephen Hawking reinforces what Einstein, Weinberg and Tipler spoke about 
concerning the antagonism of the 20th century scientific community for religion, re- 
sulting in the scientific community abandoning good physics. In his famous book A 
Brief History of Time, Hawking wrote thai 



65 



Many people do not like the idea that time has a beginning, probably because it 
smacks of divine intervention. (The Catholic Church, on the other hand, seized on 
the big bang model and in 1951 officially pronounced it to be in accordance with 
the Bible). There were therefore a number of attempts to avoid the conclusion 
that there had been a big bang. The proposal that gained widest support was 
called the steady state theory. . . . 

In the same chapter, Hawking wrote about how attempts to avoid the Big Bang 



were dashed in the form of the Penrose-Hawking-Geroch Singularity Theorems [153 



155 176-181 333-335] 



The final result [of the Singularity Theorems] was a joint paper by Penrose and 
myself in 1970, which at last proved that there must have been a big bang sin- 
gularity provided only that general relativity is correct and the universe contains 
as much matter as we observe. There was a lot of opposition to our work, partly 
from the Russians because of their Marxist belief in scientific determinism, and 
partly from people who felt that the whole idea of singularities was repugnant 
and spoiled the beauty of Einstein's theory. However, one cannot really argue 
with a mathematical theorem. So in the end our work became generally accepted 
and nowadays nearly everyone assumes that the universe started with a big bang 
singularity. . . . 



188 



p. 62. 



65 Ref. 

66 Ibid., pp. 66-67. In this book Hawking is himself dissatisfied with the implications of the Penrose- 
Hawking-Geroch Singularity Theorems, and on p. 67 goes on to reference the Hartle-Hawking No- 
Boundary Proposal [ 174| [l87| that he formulated with James B. Hartle as an attempt to avoid the 



initial singularity, which Hawking writes about further on pp. 172-181, esp. p. 175. However, given the 
Singularity Theorems, the only way this proposal could be correct is if General Relativity is incorrect, 
i.e., that General Relativity is merely an approximation to true physical law. Regarding the possibility 
that the energy condition on the universe's matter won't hold at Planck scales, the initial and final 
cosmological singularities are actually more inevitable when Quantum Mechanics is taken into account: 
seeRefs. [l5||427 

31 



Hawking subsequently in the same book mentions that "In real time, the universe 
has a beginning and an end at singularities that form a boundary to spacetime and at 
which the laws of science break down.' ' 



67 



Agnostic physicist Prof. Robert Jastrow, founding director of Nasa's Goddard Insti- 



tute for Space Studies, wrote in his book God and the Astronomers: 68 



Theologians generally are delighted with the proof that the Universe had a begin- 
ning, but astronomers are curiously upset. Their reactions provide an interesting 
demonstration of the response of the scientific mind — supposedly a very objective 
mind — when evidence uncovered by science itself leads to a conflict with the ar- 
ticles of faith in our profession. It turns out that the scientist behaves the way the 
rest of us do when our beliefs are in conflict with the evidence. We become irri- 
tated, we pretend the conflict does not exist, or we paper it over with meaningless 
phrases. 



Later in this book, Jastrow states thai ' 



69 



There is a kind of religion in science; it is the religion of a person who believes 
there is order and harmony in the Universe. Every event can be explained in a 
rational way as the product of some previous event; every effect must have its 
cause; there is no First Cause. Einstein wrote, "The scientist is possessed by the 
sense of universal causation." 

This religious faith of the scientist is violated by the discovery that the world 
had a beginning under conditions in which the known laws of physics are not 
valid, and as a product of forces or circumstances we cannot discover. When that 
happens, the scientist has lost control. If he really examined the implications, he 
would be traumatized 

For the scientist who has lived by his faith in the power of reason, the story 
ends like a bad dream. He has scaled the mountains of ignorance; he is about to 
conquer the highest peak; as he pulls himself over the final rock, he is greeted by 
a band of theologians who have been sitting there for centuries. 

Although, contrary to Jastrow's somewhat bleak conclusion vis-a-vis science, this 
result is the best possible outcome for science, since within the Omega Point cosmol- 
ogy knowledge will grow without bound, and hence anything that can logically be 
known — no matter how complex — will eventually be known perfectly^] 



188 



216 



p. 179. 
p. 16. 



67 Ref. 
68 Ref. 

69 Ibid., pp. 113 and 116. 

70 It's apposite that the epigraph used on both the title page and the masthead of the journal Nature — 
the world's most prestigious science journal — from its first issue of November 4, 1869-April 1870 and 

32 



It's fitting that science, which began in the modern sense with the Scientific 
Revolution — its inception dated to the publication of devout Catholic cleric Nicolaus 
Copernicus's De revolutionibus orbium coelestium in 1543 — should return to its roots 
as a religious project: as an endeavor to better know the mind of God. 

6 Science Comes Home 

Science and Christianity have been closely intertwined since the birth of science. Both 
the university system and the field of natural science as a systematic discipline are the 
inventions of Christianity. The Christian Weltanschauung was a unique development 
in the history of thought, since it held that God is rational and that (unlike in, e.g., 
Judaism or Islam) the mind of God could be better known through the systematic 
study of His creation — as opposed to the arbitrary and capricious gods of the ancient 
Greeks and Romans that made serious investigation into the physical world a dubious 
proposition as contrasted with the idealized perfection of geometry. It was this change 
in worldview which made systematic study into the physical world possible. Jesus 
Christ founded the only civilization in history to pull itself out of the muck, and along 
with it the rest of the world. A great irony is that even antitheists benefit enormously 
from the civilization that Christ founded: indeed, almost all of the Earth's current 
population — and hence, almost all antitheists — couldn't even be alive were it not for 
the advancements made by Christian civilization]^] 

Natural science as a discipline in the modern sense didn't exist before the Scientific 
Revolution. The Scientific Revolution began with the publication of De revolutionibus 



orbium coelestium by clergyman Nicolaus Copernicus in 1543 Before then, what 



existed in the Western intellectual world (and originating in ancient Greece) was Aris- 



for over a hundred years was "To the solid ground / Of Nature trusts the mind which builds for aye" 



by poet William Wordsworth ]484| Sonnet 34, p. 36; |483| id., p. 203]. "[A] ye" here means "ever", as 
in eternity [ 386 1 . According to the known laws of physics, Wordsworth's worthy words here are in this 
case literally true. 

71 For much more on the matters discussed in this section, see the books on this by Prof. Woods [ 482 1, 



and Dr. Hannam [ 172 ] . Note that by antitheist I mean one having a positive belief in the nonexistence of 
God, which popularly goes by the etymologically incorrect name atheist. Atheist etymologically means 
one lacking a positive belief in God. 

72 Of which publication is itself the resultant product of Christian scientific thought going back to 
such academicians as Robert Grosseteste, Bishop of Lincoln; Albertus Magnus, Bishop of Regensburg; 
the Franciscan friars Roger Bacon and William of Ockham; and the intellectual and academic ground- 
work laid by the monastic and cathedral schools beforehand, which date to before the Sack of Rome by 
the Visigoths in 410 [482, p. 44]. It was the Christian religious orders which preserved and advanced 
European civilization through the tumultuous centuries of the Barbarian Invasions (ca. 300-900). With- 



33 



totelianism, which maintained the verity of geocentrism predicated on philosophical 
premises. This lead to the persecution of Galileo Galilei, which was demanded by the 
Aristotelian academics of the time in order to protect their bailiwick; the pope and sev- 
eral of the churchmen were quite enthusiastic about Galileo's observations confirming 
heliocentrism, but caved-in to the demands of the Aristotelian academics. 



73 



Many of the top names in the history of science have been deeply devout Christians, 
such as Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, Johannes Kepler, Isaac Newton, James 
Clerk Maxwell, Max Planck, and Georges Lemaitre, just to name a few. For these men, 
their scientific investigations were driven by their desire to better know the intellect 
of God. 

It might be objected that while Christianity has birthed science and provided con- 
siderable inspiration for its advancement, the seeking after God cannot serve as a 
methodological basis for science, because such an enterprise presupposes that God ex- 
ists, whereas science must be prepared to accept any answer that's correct. Rather than 
a methodological basis, the search in understanding God's design instead provides the 
raison d'etre for science, for otherwise science is ultimately a pointless undertaking 
ending in eternal extinction j^J But if God does not exist, then we should still want to 



know the answer, for the reason that I detail in Section [8.1.1 

In an interview by ABC News anchor Diane Sawyer in 2010, Stephen Hawking said 
that "There is a fundamental difference between religion, which is based on authority, 



out this salvatory and ameliorative role of the Christian church, there would be no Western civilization 
to speak of. 



73t 



For the details on this, see Refs. 45 255 Note that Prof. Lessl on p. 163 of Ref. 255 incorrectly states 



that government support of science was increasingly required since the middle of the 19th century. 



However, as Prof. Kealey shows in Ref. 233 private donors as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product 
(GDP) were more generous in funding science (including fundamental science, not just applied science) 
than government has been, and he also therein shows why government funding of science displaces 
more funding than it actually provides. 



74 



As Max Planck, the father of quantum theory, said [340 pp. 184 and 187 of "Religion and Natural 



Science", a lecture Planck gave in May 1937, pp. 151-187], 

while both religion and natural science require a belief in God for their activities, to 
the former He is the starting point, to the latter the goal of every thought process. To the 
former He is the foundation, to the latter the crown of the edifice of every generalized 
world view. 

Religion and natural science are fighting a joint battle in an incessant, never relaxing 
crusade against scepticism and against dogmatism, against disbelief and against super- 
stition, and the rallying cry in this crusade has always been, and always will be: "On to 
God!" 



34 



and science, which is based on observation and reason. Science will win because it 
works. 'j^jYet in order for science to win, God must exist, as God is simply that infinite 
state which is the perfection of all knowledge. If God does not exist, then ultimately 
there is no such thing as winning — we are all existential losers in that case. 

According to the known laws of physics, science has won. The prize it has won, 
instead of inexorable eternal extinction, is divergence to infinite knowledge. 

7 The Nature of God 

7.1 The Haecceities of God 

The Omega Point is omniscient, having an infinite amount of information and knowing 
all that is logically possible to be known; it is omnipotent, having an infinite amount of 
energy and power; and it is omnipresent, consisting of all that exists. These three prop- 
erties are the traditional definitions of God held by almost all of the world's leading 
religions]^] Hence, by definition, the Omega Point is God. 

The Omega Point final singularity is a different aspect of the Big Bang initial sin- 
gularity, i.e., the first cause, a definition of God held by all the Abrahamic religions. 

The crucial concept of God is as a state of infinite mind. As such, God is inherently 
personal, since the mental resources of God are infinitely greater than that of a sapient 
human being. 

Given a state of infinite mind, anything that can exist can be rendered. Further- 
more, any universal Turing machine is mathematically equivalent to any other univer- 



Refs. 195 371 This comment by Hawking is unintentionally ironic on every point that he attempted 



to make with it. In Hawking's book coauthored with physicist Dr. Leonard Mlodinow and published in 



2010 [190 1, Hawking uses the String Theory extension M-Theory to argue that God's existence isn't 
necessary, although M-Theory has no observational evidence confirming it. Yet despite the complete 
lack of any confirmational observations for M-Theory, people are apparently supposed to be impressed 
that the authority-figure Hawking has come to this conclusion. As well, it begs the question as to what 
the prize is that science will win if sapient life is ultimately meaningless — which is a point that Hawking 
emphasized in his interview by Sawyer — and doomed to extinction. 

With String Theory and other nonempirical physics, the physics community is reverting back to the 
epistemological methodology of Aristotelianism, which held to physical theories based upon a priori 
philosophical ideals. One of the a priori ideals held by many present-day physicists is that God cannot 
exist, and so if rejecting the existence of God requires rejecting empirical science, then so be it. 

76 What omniscience means is knowing all that can logically be known, wherein this knowledge is 
infinite in extent: in physical terms, consisting of an infinite number of bits (or bytes, or nats) of in- 
formation. Omnipotence means containing all power and energy that exists, wherein this power and 
energy is infinite in amount, i.e., physically speaking, an infinite number of watts and joules. Omnipres- 
ence means existing everywhere in existence. 

35 



sal Turing machine, as any universal Turing machine can perfectly emulate any other 
Turing machine, and indeed, anything that can exist j^ Since one of the traditional def- 
initions of God is having an infinite mind, then by definition God would be a universal 
Turing machine. 

Although there is a sense in which not all Turing machines would be equivalent, 
and that is the time taken to compute a result. Only given infinite computational time 
can they all compute the same result. 



However, one of the traditional haecceities of God is that God knows everything 



that can logically be known all at once. In other words, God has a singular mind, i.e., 
a mind which is not subject to elapsed time due to spatial distance. 

In the Omega Point cosmology, all spacetime points impinge upon the Omega Point 
singularity all at once. The Omega Point is the collection of all spacetime points in a 
solitary-point final singularity. Moreover, computational resources (in terms of both 
processor speed and memory space) become literally infinite at the Omega Point, and 
so anything which at any time can exist will simply be a subset of what is rendered 
at the Omega Point. The Omega Point knows all that can logically be known, and it 
knows it all at once. 

Moreover, since everything that will ever exist is simply a subset of what is rendered 



at the Omega Point, the totality of all existence is God That is to say, for instance: 



God doesn't merely contain love. God is love itself \ |God doesn't merely contain truth. 
God is truth itself. 



80 



Another traditional concept of God is that God is eternal. Because the cosmological 
singularity is outside of spacetime, it is not subject to time. It is eternal. While time 
is necessary for finite minds to exist, this is because our minds occupy spatial extent, 



77 As David Deutsch wrote [106, p. 357], "To the omega-point computers, nothing is intractable. There 
is only 'computable' and 'non-computable', and rendering real physical environments definitely comes 
into the 'computable' category." 

78 One might wonder then if God therefore is malevolence and suffering, since these things exist. 
However, the injustices and pains of the current mortal world have a finite existence compared to the 
infinity of blissful experiences that will be generated by the future immortal societies. Even if it is true 
that a state of endless anguish is rendered as punishment for unrepentant malignity by the society 
which performs the general resurrection of the dead, and that consequently such a state would be 
infinite, it would nevertheless have asymptotic density compared to the infinitely more probable set 
of ecstatic experiences that are generated with asymptotic density 1, as elaborated upon further in 



footnote 130 on p. 53 And thus, either way (i.e., if such eternal punishment is generated or not), God's 
pleasurable attributes would still be of infinitely greater probability than the pains of existence (in the 
sense of a random selection process across the entirety of existence, as an individual's own actions 
would completely determine their ultimate fate) . 

79 See Uohn 4:8,16. 

80 See John 1:1-5; 8:12,31,32; 14:6. 



36 



and hence it takes time for one part of the brain to signal to another part in order 
to apprehend logical connections. However, all logical connections impinge upon the 
Omega Point solitary-point singularity all at once. Thus, the Omega Point's perception 
of reality is as a timeless, unchanging, infinite whole. 

Since computational resources diverge to infinity going into the Omega Point final 
singularity, the far-future societies going into the Omega Point will have ever-greater 
computational resources coming online in which to render realities that they find to 
be more pleasurable — i.e., closer to perfection — with this ecstasy diverging to infinity, 
becoming literally infinite at the final singularity. Hence, the Omega Point itself is a 
state of infinite pleasure and perfection. The Omega Point is a state of infinite love and 
liberty: of perfected, infinite knowledge, perceived all at once for eternity. It is a state 
of perfect, infinite bliss. 

Due to the Omega Point cosmology having infinite computational resources, the 
universal resurrection of the dead will eventually be trivial to perform, whereupon the 
resurrected people can be granted immortality in an infinite-duration afterlife. Resur- 
rection of the dead and the granting of immortality is another property traditionally 
claimed for God in the Abrahamic religions. 

In the Abrahamic religions, God also has the ability to perform miracles! which are 



events that are so improbable that they can have the appearance of violating physical 
law. In the Omega Point cosmology, the Omega Point can perform miracles via the 
Principle of Least Action, including by using electroweak quantum tunneling. 

Yet another traditional definition of God is the creator of all reality, which means 
that all causal chains begin with God. According to the Big Bang cosmology, all causal 
chains start at the initial singularity, which is the first cause. In the abstract sense, 
the first cause might not necessarily entail identification with God, since one might 
abstractly imagine that the first cause doesn't have the other properties of God. But 
in the concrete sense of the known laws of physics, the first cause logically requires a 
state of infinite mind, i.e., the Big Bang initial singularity cannot exist per the known 
physical laws without the Omega Point final singularity. As well, the initial singularity 
is a different aspect of the final singularity. 

7.2 The Aseity of God 

What is often regarded as the deepest and most perplexing question of all is why 
anything exists at all, as opposed to nothingness. But like the solution to many of the 
deepest of mankind's enigmata, the answer is actually quite simple and obvious once 



37 



explicated 81 Indeed, it's an answer that's so obviously correct that when it's mentioned 



in a slightly different context, everyone accepts it as true without protest 



82 



The answer as to why anything exists as opposed to nothingness is that existence 



is mathematics, i.e., logic. Only this and nothing more 83 But therein is everything. Ex- 
istence is a mathematical theorem. That does not mean that everything mathematical 
exists, as those things that are mathematical yet do not exist would not be an element 
of this ultimate theoremo 

But then why does mathematics — i.e., logic — exist? If logic itself required a justi- 
fication for its existence, then no justification could be given, since logic would have 
to be used in the justification, hence presupposing logic's existence. For this reason, 
mathematics is inherently its own cause, i.e., mathematics has the property of aseity. 

Because mathematics is its own cause, there exists nothing more basic to turn to in 
order to explain why mathematics exists. Indeed, that's what "explanation" means: all 
explanation is predicated on explicating cause-and-effect relationships. If something 
has no cause other than itself, then it also can have no explanation which utilizes 
something beyond itself in the explanation. 

Although it can be veridically said that reason is the reason why logic is self- 
existent, i.e., it's the reason for logic's aseity. That is, in order for there to be a reason 
for anything — an explanation for anything — logic must first exist. All explanation is 
predicated upon logic's prior existence. 

So what then is mathematics? What mathematics really is is cause-and-effect — 
among many other things that are all really the same thing. This is another reason 



81 Here I have in mind principally the solutions to economic and ethical problems, such as the Marginal 
Revolution solving the diamond/water value paradox. The simplicity and ex post obviousness of such 
solutions does not mean that answering them wasn't difficult, as it took mankind thousands of years to 
arrive at the solutions. 

82 With this I have in mind various of theologian Prof. William Lane Craig's discussions on the aseity 
of God, wherein he uncontroversially gives mathematics as an example of something which has the 
property of aseity. 

83 Tipler, in a 2008 interview by Robert Lawrence Kuhn for Kuhn's Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) 
show Closer to Truth, states that the underlying reality of existence is physical. But in the context it's 
clear that Tipler is contrasting this with mathematics as performed by humans, as opposed to mathe- 
matics itself. Tipler gives the example of the physics of General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics being 
based upon the mathematics of the continuum (i.e., the set of real numbers R), and points out that no 
mathematician in our universe can actually perform mathematics on the continuum — in the sense of 
using number-strings with significands of infinite length — but instead can only perform mathematics 
using finite symbols. 

84 For example, a hypothetical reality in which an innocent person is tortured for an infinite duration 
would not exist, since the future immortal beings will decide what to render or not to render, and they 
will know that their actions cannot be kept secret and that they will be punished if they act unethically, 
as detailed farther below in this section under the heading "Worlds within Worlds". 

38 



why mathematics cannot have a more fundamental explanation for its existence: how 
does one explain the cause of cause-and-effect itseZ/?£j Logic is simply the fundamental 
fact of reality that everyone must accept even to be capable of denying it. 

So also, in order for any mind to exist, logic must exist, otherwise it makes no 
sense to say that any sort of mind could exist, since the process of mentation involves 
the interplay of logical relationships. If no logical relationships exist, then no mind can 
exist. 

It might then appear that God doesn't have the property of aseity because logic 
must exist for any mind to exist, and therefore there is something more fundamental 
and basic than the Mind of God: namely, logic, i.e., mathematics. But in actuality this 
is not the case. The reason this isn't the case is because God is the Logos (Xoyoc;): i-e-, 
logic, computation, thought, reason, cogitation, ratiocination, cerebration, cognition, 
That is, God is logic itself, i.e., mathematics itself. And mathematics is 



mentation 



86 



infinite. God is mathematician Georg Cantor's Absolute Infinite. And the set cardinality 
of God is that of the continuum: 2 K °. 



87 



In reality, neither logic nor mind is first and foremost over the other, as both logic 
and mind are simply two ways of considering the same thing, i.e., the Logos. Some- 
thing that is never experienced by some form of consciousness (however primitive the 
consciousness) cannot coherently be said to exist, because what is meant when it is 
said that something exists is that it can in some sense be experienced, either directly 
or indirectly, i.e., that it has effects upon reality — effects that are experienced. So in 
order for existence to exist, mind must exist. And, again, there is no duality between 
mind and existence, because existence is mind, i.e., the Logos ' 



Worlds within Worlds: The Omega Point apodictically must exist now according to 
the known laws of physics, otherwise existence couldn't exist. If one considers the 



85 According to the Omega Point/Feynman-DeWitt- Weinberg quantum gravity/ Standard Model The- 
ory of Everything (toe), one can actually explain the existence of cause-and-effect itself, it's just that it 
requires a countably infinite number of axioms to do so. Ergo, only God can know the full explanation 
as to why existence exists. 

86 See John 1:1-5; cf. John 14:6. Logos has usually been translated into English as "word" in this 
passage, which barely even begins to convey the full meaning of the word Logos. Etymologically the 
closest English word is log ic [3861. On the meaning of Logos, see also Ref. 402, G3056. 



87 See Refs. 16, and 445, pp. 911-912 of the Rep. Prog. Phys. version. Although within a single universe 
only K (the cardinality of the countable set of natural numbers N) bits can be recorded between now 



until the final singularity [435 p. 248]. 

88 Of course, when I speak here of mathematics, mind and existence being the Logos, what is meant 
is when these things — which are all really different aspects of the same thing — are considered in toto. 
A finitary logical result (such as with Presburger arithmetic); a finite mind; or a finite part of existence 
is simply a finite subset of the infinite totality of existence, i.e., of the Logos. 

39 



entire timeline of the entire multiverse as a whole — from the Big Bang singularity at 
zero entropy and information (i.e., what one may term the Alpha Point) to the final 
singularity of the Omega Point at infinite entropy and information — then this infinite 
structure (i.e., the entirety of existence) would exist eternally as a static, unchanging 
structure 89 It's only finite subsets of existence which experience change as their states 
progress from earlier to later times in the multiverse. For us, being finite subsets of 
existence, time has its beginning at the Big Bang singularity and its proper-time end at 
the Omega Point (although in experiential time this is never reached) . But for existence 
as a whole, the entire timeline of the multiverse exists as a static structure. 

So in the ultimate sense, sub specie aeternitatis, the totality of existence has always 
existed. What then of the doctrine of creatio ex nihilo if in the ultimate sense existence 
has always existed? To be precise, creatio ex nihilo is the doctrine that the universe 
had a beginning, and that it wasn't made from preexisting material, but instead that 



the material which makes up the universe came into being with the universe. 90 The 
doctrine further maintains that the universe is not made from the divine substance, 
but that the divine substance is fundamentally different from the universe. That fun- 
damental difference being God's intrinsic infiniteness and His divine substance being 
beyond creation. Hence also, the doctrine does not hold that all of existence had a be- 
ginning, but rather that the universe did, i.e, creation had a beginning. In the Big Bang 
cosmology, spacetime starts at the Big Bang singularity, and the Big Bang singularity 
is not itself in space or time |^j] As well, the singularity is intrinsically infinite, whereas 
the universe is only infinite in the sense of its entire duration from beginning to end. 
Again, as stated above, from our perspective, being that we're finite subsets of exis- 
tence, the universe has its beginning at the Big Bang singularity. But from the ultimate 
perspective, with the God's-eye view of sub specie aeternitatis, the entire duration of 
the multiverse has existed eternally. 

One may then wonder why it is that we find ourselves in the early part of the 
universe if existence has always existed. One reason is because the multiverse can be 
perfectly rendered from the start of the Big Bang singularity when the computational 
capacity of a universe reaches a stage that doing so only requires a trivial amount of 
total computational resources. The complexity of the multiverse grows as it advances 
in time, but this presents no problem for the society running the emulation since ad- 



89 Such as is pictured in the diagrams of the multiversal Omega Point cosmology of Figures [l] on p.[9j 



10 



and|2|on p. 
90 Keith Ward, "Creatio Ex Nihilo", in Ref. 208, p. 184. 



See also Ref. 432, p. 176 of the reprint. 



91 See Ref. 182 Ch. 6: "Causal structure", Sec. 6.8: "The causal boundary of space-time", pp. 217-221. 
Spacetime begins at the Big Bang initial singularity and ends at the Omega Point final singularity in the 
sense of an open interval, as the singularity itself is not a part of spacetime. 



40 



ditional computational resources are continuously coming online. The reason for such 
a society running such an emulation is so that they can resurrect their ancestors (and 
hence, family members), as well so they can learn all the details of the past. Even once 
this emulation of the multiverse reaches the stage when all the beings in it have them- 
selves become immortal by being able to upload the programs of their minds onto 
more robust hardware, there will be reasons for continuing this emulation, because 
accidents will still rarely occur, such as the occasional ship being lost during the col- 
onization phase (which, even though mental backups will exist, the experiences after 
backup would be lost); to keep everyone honest and ethical, since everyone will know 
that all their actions will eventually be recreated by the future society in their own 
timeline; and for additional reasons. 

Hence, at the Omega Point itself (which, again, is reached in proper time; in ex- 
periential time it is never reached) there exists an infinite number of levels of imple- 
mentation of the complete multiverse from Alpha Point to Omega Point, i.e., a literal 



fractal of worlds within worlds, ad infinitum 92 And so there exists an infinite number 
of copies of the early stages of the multiverse. Existence is the Ultimate Fractal. 

Furthermore, one must find the origins of one's own personal consciousness in the 



early timeline of the multiverse. The reason for this is because all possible combi- 



nations of finite consciousnesses eventually become exhausted per the Quantum Re- 



currence Theorem The less complex a consciousness is, the sooner all possible com- 
binations of it become exhausted. Therefore any nascent consciousnesses must find 
their origin in the early part of the multiverse. Moreover, a finite mind can only expe- 
rience so much complexity, and if the complexity of an environment exceeds what a 
particular finite mind is capable of experiencing, then the extra complexity will be lost 
upon that mind. That is to say, a mind of mortal human-level complexity is not even 
capable of experiencing a sufficiently-advanced superhuman society, except in outline 
or small-scale aspects of it. 

Another way of thinking about it is that even without infinite levels of implementa- 
tion being emulated — or indeed any level of implementation; instead, just base-level 
reality^] — each moment in time is being eternally experienced. When our conscious- 



92 For an example of a fractal, see Figure^on p.|42l 

93 Here "early" is used in a relative sense in relation to some designated point in time; as to be 
accurate, in terms of experiential time, every time is early since experiential time is infinite, and hence 
a point in experiential time has a finite past but an infinite future. Although proper time is finite, an 
infinity of experiences happen in the last fraction of a second of proper time, whereas only a finite 
number of experiences occur in the one quintillion to ten quintillion years that precede the last fraction 
of a second. 

94 0r rather, what we take for exposition's sake as base-level reality, because so long as a level of 
implementation isn't interfered with by a lower level of implementation, then one can simply regard it 



41 




Figure 7: An example of a fractal. It approximately forms Fermat's Spiral in the manner of 



a sunflower (Helianthus annum) floret as described by Helmut Vogel [461 ]. It is centered at 



-0.743643889127337887+0.131825904554182573; with a magnification of 68719476736x 
in the Mandelbrot Set. 



42 



ness moves from state t to state t l5 state t is for us in the past, and we no longer 
experience it directly. But while the particular consciousness that we call ourself ex- 
periences state t as being in our past, the past still exists in the multiverse (as David 
Deutsch wrote, "Other times are just special cases of other universes' 9S ), and so state 



t is still being experienced by the previous version of ourself (i.e., the version of 
ourself at state t ). One can think of it as a sort of existential conveyor belt: that as 
soon as version x of oneself moves from state t to state t x , version x_ x of oneself 
moves from state t_ x to state t , meanwhile version x_ 2 of oneself moves from state 
t_ 2 to state t_]_, and so on. Thus, even without any emulated levels of implementa- 
tion, the early part of the multiverse will forever be experienced by the relatively new 
consciousnesses that inhabit it. Note that this is not the Eternal Return, because any 
version of a consciousness, x y , only experiences state t z once — and so while state t z 
exists eternally and is continuously being experienced, each experiencer x y of state t z 
experiences state t z as a new and original state, from whence they then move on to 
state t z+1 , and so on. 

Due to this existential conveyor belt, the far-future society won't have any wor- 
ries about allowing the emulation of the multiverse to continue beyond the universal 
resurrection — and hence allowing eventually an infinite number of levels of imple- 
mentation to develop, which also means an infinite number of copies of the early 
multiverse — because they will know that the early stages of the multiverse are already 
continuously being experienced, apart from whatever they choose to render. 



7.3 The Trinity of God 

As Stephen Hawking proved, the cosmological singularity is not in spacetime, but 
rather is the boundary of space and time 



96 



The Schmidt b-boundary (i.e., bundle boundary) has been shown to yield a topol- 
ogy in which the cosmological singularity is not Hausdorff separated from the points 



in spacetime [63 170 224 225 373-376], meaning that it is not possible to put an 



open set of points between the cosmological singularity and any point in spacetime 
proper. That is, the cosmological singularity has infinite nearness to every point in 
spacetime. 

So the cosmological singularity is transcendent to, yet immanent in, space and 
time. 



as base-level reality, since from within the level of implementation there would be no difference in that 
case. Of cour se, God in toto, being the totality of existence, is the ultimate base-level reality. 
95 Ref.| l06| Ch. 11: "Time: The First Quantum Concept", p. 288. 
Ref.|l82 Ch. 6: "Causal structure", Sec. 6.8: "The causal boundary of space-time", pp. 217-221. 



96 



43 



In classical relativistic cosmology, the Initial Singularity and the Final Singularity 
are permanently separate and distinct singularities. But in quantum relativistic cos- 
mology the Initial and the Final Singularities are connected by a third singularity: 
the All-Presents Singularity since all sizes of universes are obtained in the multiverse, 
which means that there are a class of universes which don't expand out from the Big 
Bang singularity at all, but remain as a singularity 



97 



These three distinct aspects to which perform different physical functions in bring- 
ing about and sustaining existence are actually one singularity which connects the 
entirety of the multiverse: the Cosmological Singularity, of which consists eternally 
of three hypostases in a homoousian triune, i.e., three distinct entities of the same 
substance (ousia) ' 



Christian theology is therefore preferentially selected by the known laws of physics 
due to the fundamentally triune structure of the Cosmological Singularity within the 
Omega Point cosmology, which is deselective of all other major religions. 

Occasionally it's suggested that Hinduism also holds to a concept of a divine Trin- 
ity, involving "the 'triple form' (trimurti) in which the cosmic functions of creation, 
maintenance, and destruction are personified by the forms of Brahma, Visnu, and 
Siva respectively' 99 In actuality, this notion appears to be mostly a case of Western- 



ers' eagerness to find corollaries with Christianity in other religions. As historian and 
Indologist Prof. Arthur Llewellyn Basham writes: 



100 



Early western students of Hinduism were impressed by the parallel between the 
Hindu trinity and that of Christianity. In fact the parallel is not very close, and the 
Hindu trinity, unlike the Holy Trinity of Christianity, never really "caught on". All 
Hindu trinitarianism tended to favor one god of the three; thus, from the context 
it is clear that Kalidasa's hymn to the Trimurti is really addressed to Brahma, here 
looked on as the high god. The Trimurti was in fact an artificial growth, and had 
little real influence. 

In addition to the New Testament, the concept of the Holy Trinity is also found in 
the Old Testament, but the Jews didn't incorporate it as doctrine. Besides mentioning 
the Holy Spirit in the Tanakh a number of times. 



101 



Isaiah 9:6 states: 102 



97 See Ref. 



445 



Sec. 6: "The quantized FRW universe", Subsec. 6.3: "Singularity structure of the 

multiverse", p. 922-924, which is pp. 41-43 of the arXiv version. This process is depicted in Figures [T] 

p.|9|andr 



98 See Ref.W47 



|onp. 
14471 PI 



10 



pp. 82, 97 and 100 for more on the physics of the Trinity; and pp. 226-235 for how 
Jesus the Man can be united with the All-Presents Singularity. 
p Ref.[274lp. 139. 

310-311. 



18 



P- 
pp. 



100 Ref. 

101 See Psalm 51:11; Isaiah 57:15; 63:10,11. 

102 New King James Version. Cf. Isaiah 9:7; Psalms 2; 110; Daniel 7:13,14. 



44 



For unto us a Child is born, 

Unto us a Son is given; 

And the government will be upon His shoulder. 

And His name will be called 

Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, 

Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. 

The word translated as "God" in the above is in the original Hebrew el (bit,). El is 
sometimes translated as "mighty", etc., although the only sensible translation of this 
passage is, e.g., "mighty God" or "powerful God", since the word el is intensified by the 
Hebrew word gibbor (1113), itself meaning "mighty". As well, "Everlasting Father" can 
only be a title for God. The above Tanakh passage also affirms the Trinitarian doctrine 



that the Father and the Son are One 103 



7.4 The Theodicy of Existence 
7.4. 1 The Problem of Evil 



It may be wondered why, since God can perform miracles using the electroweak quan- 
tum tunneling mechanism allowed by the known laws of physics, He does not simply 
materialize a fully-developed sapient self-replicating spacecraft, thereby doing an end- 
run around the painful early stages of the evolutionary process. The reason God cannot 
do this is because this would create a logically paradoxical strange loop whereby the 
knowledge of good and evil doesn't exist in existence, thereby setting the stage for the 
destruction of existence due to evil being generated by a highly advanced society: as 
the universe's Taublike collapses in different directions require a high level of coop- 
eration among the far-future sapient beings, and hence a highly complex free-market 



104 



economy of which could not exist if evil were allowed to grow without restraint. 
The only reason God knows of evil is because evil actually exists in the early part of 
the multiverse — that is to say, God knows of evil because God knows the beginning 
to the end. Existence has no choice but to go through a stage of pain and suffering 



103 Cf. John 10:30; 14:6-13. 

104 Which is to say that existence itself selects which ethics is correct in order for existence to exist. In 
mankind's life on Earth, humanity can be at each other's throats in large-scale internecine feuding, yet 
so long as a genetically-viable breeding population continues on then mankind can survive. Whereas 
during the Taublike collapses, if a significant portion of the population goes rogue then it would termi- 
nally disrupt the collapse cycles, destroying existence itself. The closer the Omega Point is approached, 
the greater the free-market cooperation will have to be. For this reason, the social ethics selected by 
existence is that of the Golden Rule, which in the form of legal ethics is the Nonaggression Principle. 



45 



in its early period in order for existence to learn of good and evil before evil becomes 
powerful enough to destroy existence itself 



105 



Accordingly it appears that only the minimum of miraculous intervention is per- 
formed by God — which can still be quite extensive — in order to ensure the universe's 
evolution into the Omega Point, and therefore to ensure the very existence of exis- 
tence. Although ultimately existence is itself a divine miracle according to the known 
laws of physics 



106 



7.4.2 God's Relation to the Old Testament 

The history of mankind is that of coming out of a condition of extremely ignorant fal- 
lacy into lesser states of ignorance, accompanying some massively gruesome setbacks 
along the way (with all of the greatest atrocities perpetrated by government). This is 
because of mankind's coming out of an animalistic mental state into states of higher 
degrees of reason. While nonhuman animals don't appear to hold much fallacious 
mental content, this is due to them apparently not being able to form very much in the 
way of abstract mental concepts. When the faculty of sapient reasoning and language 
skills comes into being, this allows forming ideas on a wide range of subjects, but in 
mankind's history many of those ideas were quite destructively erroneous, with no 
small amount of that error still with us today. 

Such applies to religious knowledge, as well. For instance, the Torah is itself quite 



evil in many places, such as requiring any Israelite picking up sticks on a Sabbath to 



be stoned to death 108 No one alive today actually believes in much of the Torah laws, 
and there is quite rightly no place on Earth where it would be legal to practice many 
of them. These days no Jew is lethally stoning another Jew for gathering wood on 
a Saturday. Again, this has to do with mankind's evolution from fallacious ignorance 
into knowledge: early Judaism is a derivation from prior paganism. 

The pagan religion of the original Hebrews evolved in time to the monotheism of 
what we now regard as modern Judaism, though the Torah reflects the strong polythe- 



105 See Romans 8:18-23. 

106. 



That is, according to the Big Bang cosmology, which is a subset of the Omega Point cosmology. For 



the details on this, see Sec.[5|on p. 



28 



107 The Torah laws (also called the Law of Moses) were specifically given for only descendants of 
Israel (the Biblical figure previously named Jacob) to follow; and, for some Torah laws, also for non- 
Jews living in Israel to follow: see Exodus 31:16,17; 34:27,28; Leviticus 18:1,2; 20:1,2; Deuteronomy 
4:1,44,45; Malachi 4:4. The Torah laws were never intended for non-Jews living outside of Israel to 
follow. Within modern mainline (i.e., Talmudic) Judaism it is actually prohibited for non-Jews to be 
taught the Torah: see the section "Gentiles May Not Be Taught the Torah", p. 623, of the entry "Gentile", 
WebCite: 63PaeXLS2, <http://goo.gl/Orq9F>, in Ref. |218| Vol. 5, pp. 615-626. 

108 See Numbers 15:32-36; Exodus 31:12-17; 35:1-3. 

46 



ism of its roots: the plural elohim (DTl^K), gods, became in time God. 109 Yet the modern 



Bible translations still preserve the polytheistic roots of Judaism: e.g., "Then God said, 



'Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness ...'". no Indeed, some forms 
of human sacrifice for purely religious purposes were retained within Pentateuch Ju- 
daism, i.e., human-sacrifice rituals can actually be found in the Torah and Nevi'im 



Rishonim books, supposedly sanctified by God. 111 But then, the actual prophets (prin- 
cipally from Isaiah on, i.e., the Nevi'im Aharonim books) and Yeshua Ha'Mashiach 
spoke out against much of the supposed Law of Moses. (For examples of this Prophetic 
rejection just regarding the Torah laws on animal sacrifice, see Psalm 40:6-8; Isaiah 
1:11-14; Jeremiah 7:21,22; 8:8; Hosea 6:6; Amos 5:21,22; Hebrews 10:4-7. See also 



the second paragraph in footnote 137 on p. 56) 



7.4.3 Ha'Mashiach 

The above matters bring up another issue. The teachings of Yeshua Ha'Mashiach's 
ministry themselves necessitate the involvement of a superintelligence, since they are 
so spectacularly advanced beyond that age, and indeed this age: as mankind to this 
date is of a barbaric and primitive nature, and still a long way from catching up with 
Christ. 

Albert Einstein said that "science without religion is lame, religion without science 



is blind.' m In an interview for the Saturday Evening Post in 1929, Einstein had the 



following exchange regarding Jesus Christ: 113 



[SEP:] "To what extent are you influenced by Christianity?" 

[Einstein:] "As a child I received instruction both in the Bible and in the Tal- 
mud. I am a Jew, but I am enthralled by the luminous figure of the Nazarene." 

[SEP:] "Have you read Emil Ludwig's book on Jesus?" 

[Einstein:] "Emil Ludwig's Jesus is shallow. Jesus is too colossal for the pen 
of phrasemongers, however artful. No man can dispose of Christianity with a bon 
mot:' 



109 Some have contended that the plural elohim, meaning "gods", was a presagement of the doctrine 
of the Trinity. Yet Trinitarianism holds that there is one God (i.e., one substance), Who consists of three 
Persons (i.e., hypostases) — not multiple Gods. 

110 Genesis 1:26, New King James Version; cf. Genesis 3:22. 

m See Leviticus 27:28,29; Judges 11:29-40. Cf. Exodus 13:1,2,11-16; 22:29,30 for how this practice 
of human sacrifice eventually evolved into substitution via animal sacrifice. Ritual human sacrifice 
appears to be a universal cultural practice among mankind if one goes back far enough in time. 

112 Ref. [l20| p.211. 

113 Ref. W50] p. 117; p. 448 of the reprint. A written interjection has been omitted from the quoted 
passage. 



47 



[SEP:] "You accept the historical existence of Jesus?" 

[Einstein:] "Unquestionably. No one can read the Gospels without feeling the 
actual presence of Jesus. His personality pulsates in every word. No myth is filled 
with such life " 

And here is what Einstein wrote regarding Christianity in his book The World as I 



See It w 



If one purges the Judaism of the Prophets and Christianity as Jesus taught it of 
all subsequent additions, especially those of the priests, one is left with a teaching 
which is capable of curing all the social ills of humanity. 

It is the duty of every man of good will to strive steadfastly in his own little 
world to make this teaching of pure humanity a living force, so far as he can. If 
he makes an honest attempt in this direction without being crushed and trampled 
under foot by his contemporaries, he may consider himself and the community to 
which he belongs lucky. 

So authentic Christianity (i.e., the doctrine taught by Yeshua Ha'Mashiach), ac- 
cording to Einstein, is "capable of curing all the social ills of humanity." That bold and 
clear statement is quite a strong endorsement of Christ's ethical teachings. 

In the previous displayed quote of Einstein, he is careful to separate the message 
preached by Jesus Christ and the Prophets (i.e., the Latter Prophets of the Nevi'im 
Aharonim books) from that of the Torah, which indeed is filled with much irrational- 
ity (much of it derived from earlier pagan practices). But then Jesus Christ and the 
Prophets spoke out against the irrational aspects of the Torah. Such was not lost on 
Einstein, which is why he is careful in the above to specify which aspects of the Bible 
he finds to be in conformance with the truth. 

Unfortunately, the inversion of that organization popularly calling itself the Chris- 
tian church occurred with the pagan Roman government's takeover of said group un- 
der Constantine I, himself a lifelong pagan, bloodthirsty tyrant, and unrepentant mur- 
derer of his eldest son Crispus and his wife Fausta, to say nothing of all the plebeians he 



murdered. 115 Since that time, the organizations commonly calling themselves "Chris- 



tian" have often acted in the role of intellectual bodyguards of the state, and hence 



114 



Ref. 



121 



pp. 111-112. 

115 Historian and bishop Eusebius of Caesarea's hagiography of his benefactor and friend Constantine I 
purposely doesn't mention anything that presents Constantine in a bad light. Mao Tse-tung, Joseph 
Stalin and Adolf Hitler can all be made to seem like wonderful people if one simply declines to men- 
tion their immoral actions. Yet even Eusebius relates the story that Constantine told to him about his 
(Constantine's) supposed "In hoc signo vinces" vision with some skepticism. 

Eusebius wrote in his panegyrical Life of Constantine [128, Book 1, Ch. 28, p. 490] that Constantine 
had a vision of the Chi Rho symbol (ibid., Ch. 31, pp. 490-491; i.e, the logogram %, which was used 

48 



have been hostilely opposed to actually applying Jesus Christ's teachings, since said 
teachings are incompatible with government and its frequent activities, e.g., taxes, 
war, the inversion of genuine moral understanding, the sowing of needless discord 
and strife among the populace (i.e., divide et imperd), etc. 



116 



by pagan Greek scribes to mark, in the margin, a particularly valuable or relevant passage: the com- 
bined letters chi and rho stand for xprjaxov [chreston], meaning "good") with the phrase "'Ev toutw 
vixa" ("Conquer by this") spelled out in the sky Eusebius relates that Constantine told him this story 
long after the event is said to have occurred, and given the surprise that Eusebius expresses at having 
been told this story by Constantine, it's clear that the claimed event was commonly unknown. However, 
Eusebius also conveys that Constantine's whole army saw the miracle in the sky, and had that been the 
case it would have been widely known. Eusebius implies that this vision took place before Constan- 
tine's campaign against Maxentius began (ibid., Ch. 37, p. 492), and therefore well-before the Battle 
of the Milvian Bridge, which took place on October 28, 312 between the Roman Emperors Constantine 
and Maxentius at which Maxentius was defeated and killed. The Arch of Constantine, the triumphal 
arch that Constantine had built to commemorate his victory in the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, which 
Constantine dedicated in summer 315, features a stone panel engraved with the depiction of a Roman 
emperor sacrificing a hog (sus), a ram (ovis), and a bull (taurus) to the Roman god of war, Mars (a 
ritual known as suovetaurilia, combining the three species' names into one word); and statuettes of Sol 
Invictus carried by standard-bearers appear in three places in reliefs on the arch. Yet there is no Chris- 
tian symbolism on the arch (not even the Chi Rho, which at any rate had no connection to Christianity 
in the popular mind or among common Christians at that time, as it only later came to be commonly 
understood as a monogram for Xpiaxog [Christos], meaning "Christ"). 

Eusebius in his earlier work Church History [128, Book 9, Ch. 9, pp. 363-364] promotes the idea 
that God helped Constantine win the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, but does not mention any vision. 
This implies that Eusebius at this time didn't know of any such vision by Constantine (and hence that it 
was commonly unknown), as given the profuse laudation that Eusebius heaps upon Constantine in this 
passage, Eusebius surely would have mentioned the vision as demonstration of Constantine's favor with 
God, unless Eusebius himself found the story to be so dubious that he didn't want to taint his Church 
History with it (which, if so, itself implies that the purported event was popularly unknown) . 

Lactantius, a rhetorician who was an advisor to Constantine I, tells a different story from Eusebius's 
account of Constantine's vision (which Eusebius is careful to emphasize was told to him directly by 
Constantine). Lactantius wrote that in the night before the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, Constantine was 
commanded in a dream by an unspecified source to put a divine heavenly sign (described by Lactantius 
as the Chi Rho symbol) on the shields of his soldiers, and that Constantine followed the command of his 
dream and marked the shields with this sign (Ref. |358| Of the Manner in Which the Persecutors Died, Ch. 
44, p. 318). Lactantius died ca. 320, whereas Eusebius wrote his Life of Constantine after Constantine 
died in 337. Thus, at best it appears that Constantine had a dream containing no specific Christian 
content that he later conflated to something more. 

Constantine's official coinage continued to bear images of Sol Invictus, the official Sun god of the later 
Roman Empire, until 325/326. Constantine retained until his death the office of Pontifex Maximus, 
the high priest and head of the pagan state religion of Rome, as would his successors, with Gratian 
(Emperor of Rome from 375-383) finally renouncing the title. Constantine was baptized as a Christian 
on his deathbed. 
116 Yeshua anticipated the phenomenon of ersatz Christianity in Matthew 7:15-27; cf. Luke 6:46-49. 



For more on this matter, see my article "Jesus Is an Anarchist" [349]; along with the article [281] on 

49 



7.4.4 The Soteriology of Existence 

Yeshua Ha'Mashiach said that there are only two requirements for a person to receive 
eternal lifeP 7 ] 

And behold, a certain lawyer stood up and tested Him, saying, "Teacher, what 
shall I do to inherit eternal life?" 

He said to him, "What is written in the law? What is your reading of it?" 

So he answered and said, " 'You shall love the Lord your God with all your 
heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind,' and 
'your neighbor as yourself" 

And He said to him, "You have answered rightly; do this and you will live." 

But these two requirements actually logically reduce to only one requirement: to 
love your neighbor as yourself. As Jesus said anything that we do to any of the least 



119 



of His brethren we do to Him. 118 So if we truly love each other then we automatically 
love God as well. 



When Jesus said of Himself, "I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life. No one comes 



to the Father except through Me". He was there being as literal as it is possible to 



be. In other words, the Second Person of the Trinity is literally truth itself, i.e., the 
Logos 



121 



One might point out the Mark of the Beast (see Revelation 13:16-18; 14:9-11; 
15:2; 16:2; 19:20; 20:4) as being an example of a possible exception to Jesus's state- 
ment in Luke 10:25-28, as Revelation states that all who accept the Mark of the Beast 
shall be punished in the afterlife. But in addition to being required for all legal buying 



and interview [ 280 ] of Rev. George B. Zabelka, the Catholic military chaplain who blessed the aircrews 
who dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. A documentary film [149] has also been 
made on Zabelka's life. 

117 Luke 10:25-28, New King James Version. Cf. Matthew 19:19; 22:36-40; Mark 12:28-34. An equiv- 
alent formulation of this is Jesus's ethic of the Golden Rule which He commanded everyone to follow 
(see Matthew 7:12; Luke 6:31). Another equivalent formulation of this is Jesus's Commandment that we 
love one another as He has loved us (see John 15:12,17; 13:15,34,35; 1 John 3:11,12,23; 4:11,20,21). 
Everything that Jesus ever commanded people to do can be logically reduced back to this one principle. 
As John wrote in one of his letters (1 John 2:10, New King James Version) : "He who loves his brother 
abides in the light, and there is no cause for stumbling in him." As Paul wrote, "Love does no harm to 
a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfillment of the law." (Romans 13:10, New King James Version; cf. 
Romans 13:8-10; Galatians 5:13,14; 1 Corinthians 13:1-13.) This is the Perfect Law of Liberty and the 
Royal Law (see James 1:25; 2:8-12). 

118 See Matthew 25:31-46. 

119 Cf. 1 John 2:10; 4:20. 

120 John 14:6, New King James Version. Cf. John 11:25. 

121 See John 1:1-5. 

50 



and selling in the future cashless society, the Mark of the Beast will also be a loyalty 
test by the worldwide governmental Beast system, and the masses who go along with 
the Beast system will be used against those who refuse (such as acting as informants, 
etc 122 ), which is a definite violation of the Golden Rule which Christ commanded as 



the supreme law 



123 



However, it's probable that all mentally-unimpaired mortal humans have violated 

whether by outward action or by 



the Golden Rule (of which is sin) at some point. 



124 



thought, which is why genuine repentance — which includes a discontinuation of the 



deeds which violated the Golden Rule] 126 ] — is a necessary component of soteriology 127 



According to many people's so-called Near-Death Experiences, when we die we 



must go through a life-review process before we can enter what is commonly known 
as Heaven. This, in part, is what the light at the end of the tunnel is. But those who 
have done evil or are ashamed of their actions in their previous life are afraid of the 
light, because the light exposes what they have done: everything one has ever unjustly 
done to others in their previous life they will experience from those people's point of 
view, and everything one has done in secret will be revealed. Thus, in the case of a 
murderer, truth would literally hurt. And in the case of someone who acts in secret due 
to shame, they will be averse to the light, for the light reveals their secrets for which 
they are ashamed. As Jesus says in John 3:19-21: 



.129 



"And this is the condemnation, that the light has come into the world, and men 
loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. For everyone 
practicing evil hates the light and does not come to the light, lest his deeds should 
be exposed. But he who does the truth comes to the light, that his deeds may be 
clearly seen, that they have been done in God." 



122 See Matthe w 24:9 -13; Luke 21:16,17. 
123 See footnote 



on p. 



50 



117 
124 See Romans 3:23. 
i25 See the discussion on abiding by the Golden Rule even in thought in Sec. 



8.1.2 



beginning on p. 



55 



126 See Matthew 7:21-23; Luke 6:46; John 5:14; 8:11. 

127 See Matthew 9:13; Mark 2:17; Luke 5:32; 15:7; 24:47; 1 John 1:8-10. Given Matthew 6:14; Luke 
6:37; Romans 8:1; 1 John 1:9, what blasphemy against the Holy Spirit (see Matthew 12:31; Mark 3:29; 
Luke 12:10) would have to be is never coming to repentance (cf. Hebrews 6:4-6; 10:26). The context 
in which Jesus spoke of blasphemy against the Holy Spirit involved that of individuals who had so 
hardene d their minds against evidence that they woul d attribute miracles to Satan. 



128 



Refs. 



197 



245 



298 



300 



347 



348 



354 



355 



370 



Within the Omega Point cosmology, such experi- 
ences would be theopneusties if they are required in order to lead to the formation of the Omega Point, 
being caused by God (i.e., the Omega Point final singularity) imprinting the necessary brain states via 
the Principle of Least Action. 

129 New King James Version. Cf. 1 Corinthians 3:11-15. Although keep in mind that in 1 Corinthians 
3:15, Paul is talking about those mentioned in the context of 1 Corinthians 3:1-10 who are saved. 



51 



Hence, those who upon death are unwilling to come to the light — of which 15 truth 
and life (see John 8:12,32; 11:25; 14:6) — will instead be choosing darkness for them- 
selves. 



130 



130 "Hell" is a word of Anglo-Saxon descent which isn't found in the Bible's original Hebrew, Aramaic, or 
Greek manuscripts. Christ as recorded in Matthew 25:46 does speak of what is sometimes translated as 
"everlasting punishment", which in the manuscripts' original Greek is "xokaaiv akoviov", transliterated 
as kolasin aidnion. Aidnion can describe either an infinite duration; a very long unspecified duration; or 
a very long finite duration. 

Many people who have undergone a Near-Death Experience report a hellish afterlife, due to their 



actions and mindset during their lifetime having condemned them. (See the references in footnote 128 



on p. 51 particularly Refs. 347 348 ) Common features of this experience are the absence of love and 
kindness, and being surrounded by hatred and malevolency such as that from other condemned people. 
It is often described as a place of darkness and unparalleled torment. Such experiences don't appear 
to be produced from inculcation or psychological suggestion. That is, the nonlearning and unbelief 
in religion does not protect against such hellish Near-Death Experiences, as numerous thoroughgoing 
atheists with irreligious upbringings have had such experiences. 

What potential rewards or punishments individuals receive upon resurrection will be up to the society 
performing the universal resurrection of the dead. If the punishment of eternal anguish is necessary in 
order for existence to exist, then it would exist. One can imagine that the prospect of such punishment 
might be necessary in order to prevent too many people from going rogue, such that a sapient species' 
society degenerates to the point that it becomes incapable of advancing toward the Omega Point final 
singularity: as the universe's cycles of Taublike collapses require a high degree of cooperation within 
the societies of the distant future, and consequently a highly intricate free-market economy, of which 
could not exist if maleficence were allowed to grow without restraint. And it might be that the prospect 
of, e.g., eternal individual extinction, or prolonged yet merely finite anguish, isn't great enough to offset 
such antisocial forces, hence requiring the punishment of eternal suffering. 

If such a prospect is logically necessary in order for existence to exist, it would be irrational for a 
person to be indignant over what they feel to be the injustice of such a situation. That would be akin 
to being upset that 2 + 2 = 4. After all, it's hardly condign that all the beneficent people would have 
to forego eternal bliss because of the actions of the unloving. Although by the same token, if a person 
concludes that the prospect of eternal anguish is intrinsically unjust and illogical, then if that person 
is indeed correct, such a state won't exist. The beings who constitute the society which performs the 
universal resurrection will be superintelligent and ultrarational, with intellects many orders of magni- 
tude beyond any mortal human. Howbeit, one should be careful when attempting to a priori reason 
about the justness of such a prospect, since its ultimate justness would depend upon whether or not it 
is necessary for existence to exist, and mortal humans simply don't possess the requisite information to 
know whether or not it is necessary in order to prevent the societies of sapient species from irretrievably 
collapsing (including into the distant future). 

Therefore, we should live our lives assuming it is true that we will experience eternal misery if we 
violate the moral principles of the society which performs the universal resurrection. As mentioned 



above in this note and previously elaborated upon in footnote 104 on p. 45 physical reality places strict 
restraints upon what the content of this far-future morality can be. Due to the considerable fallibility of 
mortal sapience, genuine repentance (i.e., having an authentic change of mind and ceasing the immoral 
deeds) on the part of sapient mortal beings would be a necessary component of this morality, since it's 
probable that all sapient mortal beings have violated this morality. 

52 



8 The Societal Implications of the Omega Point Cos- 
mology 

8.1 Ethics 

8.1.1 The Dysteleology of Life without God 

The only thing that could give existence and life meaning is if God exists, since then a 
state of infinite perfection would exist. Immortality per se is not a desirable goal. The 
worst outcome possible would be eternal life spent suffering. 

Anything less than full immortality would mean that living beings' consciousnesses 
eventually come to an end. Assuming a pleasurable life, nothing less than infinite 
lifespan will do. Any finite lifespan, no matter how long the finite time is, will be 
reached all too soon. This is particularly the case for superhuman beings, since the 
recreational and entertainment resources available to them will be far vaster than 
currently available to us. 

As well, with the growth of mental resources, it would make death all the more 
tragic. Just as the death of a human is far more tragic than the death of an amoeba, 
the death of a superhuman intelligence would be all the worse. For then what is dying 
is greater in amount: more memories, more feelings, more intellect. 



The idea of endless agony might be thought of as theologically problematical, since it requires Satan's 
kingdom (i.e., pain and suffering) to be infinite, yet infinity in theology is typically considered a property 
unique to God. However, the society which performs the universal resurrection can make it so that 
the computational resources used to generate the pleasurable afterlife grow at a greater rate than the 
anguished afterlife, and hence over time the joyous states would consume an increasingly larger relative 
share of total computational resources, such that the set of God's kingdom would have asymptotic 
density 1, whereas the set of Satan's kingdom would have asymptotic density 0. Thus, even though 
such anguished states would be infinite, they would nevertheless be of infinitely smaller probability 
(in the sense of random selection) than the heavenly experiences generated. (Asymptotic density is a 
probability measure of how likely a randomly chosen element of a subset is within a countable set [ ]78[ 
p. 45; 396, Ch. 2]. As two examples, the set of all prime numbers within the superset of natural numbers 
N has asymptotic density 0; and the set of all even numbers within N has asymptotic density 1/2.) 

If the objection arises that those who make it into Heaven cannot be happy without being with their 
loved-ones who are condemned, then the answer is that in the multiverse even the most evil of person 
has an almost-exact analogue with the only difference being that this person chose to repent before 
their death. And so everyone in Heaven will be able to reunite with all of their loved-ones. 

Note that the foregoing matter pertaining to the multiverse isn't dependent on any interpretation 
of Quantum Mechanics, because the societies close in proper time to the Omega Point will have the 
computational capacity to trivially render the multiverse from its start at the Big Bang. And so the 
multiverse will at any rate exist at that time. 



53 



Hence, if literal immortality does not exist, then it would be better that we die in 
the womb, and if not then than the sooner the better: for every day that we go on, 
new experiences and memories are added which will all come to naught — which will 
all be snuffed out. Better that a living thing die as a bacterium than it die as a sapient 
intelligence were it not to be immortal: all the more given that the more primitive an 
intelligence, the less ability it would have to contemplate its fate. 

So also, it wouldn't then matter if one were a serial-killer or a mass-murderer as 
opposed to a paragon of kindness, as in the end it would all equate to the same thing: 
eternal death. All life and anything anyone had worked for would all come to naught. 

Thus, the only thing that could give existence and life meaning is if God exists, 
since then an infinite computational state would exist, allowing for finite states to 



never repeat (per the Quantum Recurrence Theorem ) as they diverge toward greater 



complexity, and hence allowing an infinite number of experiences. Only then could 
life and consciousness, instead of coming to naught, be able to grow and progress 
endlessly toward perfection. 

If it could be definitely proved that God and eternal life do not exist, then the 
only rational course would be to commit suicide. The reason for this is because even 
if one is presently enjoying one's life, tragedy and horrific pain can strike at almost 
any time, quite apart from how one lives one's life. Since one can have no real control 
over whether one ends up in a situation of horrific pain, the only rational course if 
God and eternal life do not exist would be to commit a painless suicide. Since in such 
a hypothetical scenario one's eternal death is certain anyway, one might as well get 
there in a manner which ensures the least pain. 

The only reason for holding onto life in such a hypothetical reality would be out 
of ignorance or superstition, i.e., one either hasn't really understood the proof against 
God and eternal life, or one can't accept it out of pure delusion. Again, however great 
one's life is at the moment is no argument against suicide in such a world, since certain 
eternal death is coming anyway, and one can't actually fully control what pains may 
come in the future. That is, the future of one's life is an unknown variable, whereas a 
painless suicide makes it certain. 

Nor would having dependants, such as young children, be any excuse for not com- 
mitting suicide in such a hypothetical world. For such feelings of attachment and con- 
cern would themselves just be instinctual traits created by a pointless evolutionary 
process. 

Hence, if it could definitely be proved that God and eternal life do not exist, then 
we should want to know the answer, as this would be valuable information to have. 
For then we could finally stop going on like our lives have any point, and instead rest 
in the inevitable eternal extinction that's coming anyway. 



54 



8.1.2 Life with God 



Thankfully, contra the previous section, according to the known laws of physics, 



God and immortality do exist. What then are the implications of this for ethics? 

For one, there is no such thing as a secret. Not even our own thoughts are secret, 
which is why Christ stressed how essential it is that one abides by the Golden Rule 
in one's inner life as well as in one's outward actions. 132 The reason why this is so 
essential is not due to murder beginning in the heart, 133 but instead because upon 
the resurrection we will have to stand before the light in order to receive eternal life, 
and if we are ashamed of our thoughts then we will be averse to the light (see John 
3:19-21). As Yeshua said: "For nothing is secret that will not be revealed, nor anything 



hidden that will not be known and come to light.' 134 During the universal resurrection 
of the dead, everything that has ever happened will be known in perfect detail, right 
down to the precise position of every elementary particle. Hence the reason Jesus over 
and over again stressed the seriousness of not living in secrecy: viz., Matthew 5:14- 
16; 10:26-31; Mark 4:21-23; Luke 8:16,17; 11:33-36; 12:1-7; John 8:12; 11:9,10; 
12:44-48; 14:6. 

Another reason why abiding by the Golden Rule even in thought is so crucial is be- 
cause the future immortal superintelligent beings will be able to create worlds just by 
thinking of them, including worlds inhabited by newly-created consciousnesses. Such 
worlds would be torturously horrific beyond anything possible in the mortal sphere if 
a superintelligent being did not abide by the Golden Rule in their own thoughts. 

However, in opposition to the Messiah's teachings, all the governments of the world 
instill in their subjects fear and hatred of others, not only between the subjects of dif- 
ferent governments but also among their own subjects. And regrettably, institutions 
calling themselves Christian churches often act as propaganda-founts of the govern- 
ment while vehemently rejecting Christ's teachings, thereby worshiping the false god 
of government instead of worshiping God. 



8.1.1 



131 That is, Sec. 

132 See Matthew 5:22,28,29. The earliest manuscripts state within verse 22 (in translation), "But I say 
to you that everyone who is angry with his brother will be liable to judgment ..." (English Standard 
Version), and do not contain the "without a cause" proviso of later manuscripts (e.g., see the note to 
this passage in the New King James Version) . Thus, even the church scribes were sometimes unwilling 
to accept Christ's teachings, so contrary to human inclinations are they. 

133 Indeed, the popular paraphrases "murder begins in the heart" and "adultery begins in the heart" of 
Matthew 5:22,28,29 — while likely true in most such cases — nevertheless miss the point of the Messiah's 
teachings. Rather, one would not like it if another were thinking hateful thoughts about them. Nor 
would one like it if in a monogamous relationship their partner were thinking about having a different 
lover. The point is that we are to follow the Golden Rule in all things, even in our thoughts. 

134 Luke 8:17, New King James Version; cf. Luke 12:2; Matthew 10:26; Mark 4:22. 



55 



Government is a massive death-cult which requires gargantuan levels of human 
sacrifice. The bloody human sacrifice is still regarded by mankind as the most sacred 
of ritual, instead of being viewed as the depraved and ghoulish institution it is. The 
human-sacrifice orgies in which throngs of lamentably deceived people kill and get 
killed so that a relative handful of the most rich and powerful can become even more 
rich and powerful are made holy by the secular priesthood of power which officiates 
the state's bloodstained pantheon that sits atop a mountain of rotting human corpses. 



Truth is the most hated thing in the world. Willful ignorance is viewed as a virtue; 



knowledge as a subversive vice. Beguiling and massively destructive fallacy is pro- 
moted as the most learned intellectualism. 

The state is the great butcher of language and coherent thought, as it twists the 
very words which people use even to merely think to themselves. The breeding ground 
of government is epistemological relativism, which is the idea that truth is either 
infinitely malleable, utterly irrelevant, unknowable, or nonexistent. Moral relativism 
(with legal positivism being its most prominent example) is a subset of epistemological 
relativism. Going back in history, all governments have inculcated in their subjects var- 
ious levels of commitment to epistemological relativism, since governments, in order 
to simply exist qua government, must engage in activities that would be regarded as 



a crime were a common person to do them This unfortunately — or fortunately, for 



those in power — has had other far-ranging consequences, as people have effectively 
been trained since birth that if some fact about reality is upsetting enough to their 
worldview, to either ignore it or pretend it's something that it's not. The corollary to 
that is when it comes to issues with political implications, people have been condi- 
tioned to let the government, and its false "experts" (in previous ages, this function 
would have been upon the priestcraft), do their thinking for them. 

Yet in stark contrast to the state's unparalleled violence, its promotion of fear and 
hatred, and its butchery of truth, Yeshua Ha'Mashiach commanded everyone to abide 
by a very different way: 



.137 



135 Cf. John 15:18-21; 14:6. 

136 0f course, all governments claim moral absolutism to their own benefit, such as when it comes to 
the imperative they place upon their subjects to obey them. The point of the state's epistemological 
relativism is that its subjects must not scrutinize its actions, its claims, and the assumptions underlying 
its existence, too carefully. 

137 Matthew 5:38-48, New King James Version; cf. Luke 6:27-37. Cf. Matthew 5:3-12; 6:9-15 (cf. 
Luke 11:2-4); 26:52 (cf. Revelation 13:10); Mark 11:25,26. 

Regarding the Cleansing of the Temple (see Matthew 21:12,13; Mark 11:15-17; Luke 19:45,46; 
John 2:14-16 — cf. Nehemiah 13:7-10 for a previous prophetic temple-cleansing): the temple and its 
furnishings were dedicated to God, with the temple being regarded as the house of God (see Ezra 6:17), 
and so God in His Sonship aspect (see Isaiah 9:6) was simply overturning His own tables inside His own 



56 



"You have heard that it was said, 'An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.' 
But I tell you not to resist an evil person. But whoever slaps you on your right 
cheek, turn the other to him also. If anyone wants to sue you and take away your 
tunic, let him have your cloak also. And whoever compels you to go one mile, 
go with him two. Give to him who asks you, and from him who wants to borrow 
from you do not turn away. 

"You have heard that it was said, You shall love your neighbor and hate your 
enemy' But I say to you, love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to 
those who hate you, and pray for those who spitefully use you and persecute you, 
that you may be sons of your Father in heaven; for He makes His sun rise on the 
evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust. For if you love 
those who love you, what reward have you? Do not even the tax collectors do the 
same? And if you greet your brethren only, what do you do more than others? 
Do not even the tax collectors do so? Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your 
Father in heaven is perfect." 



And Paul wrote, "Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse.' 



How 
very different that is from the way of this world, which is why Christ's message of 



138 



unconditional love strikes people as otherworldly 139 Due to this unconditional love of, 
and physical nonresistance to, even those who bodily attack us, a genuine Christian 
would rather be killed than to kill anotherj^j This means that an authentic Christian 
cannot be a member of any police force or military force — or any other profession 
which uses coercion, such as working in the legal system as a prosecutor, judge or 
jailer — as the Messiah commanded everyone to abide in strict pacifism, even unto 
death. As Yeshua saidj 141 ! 

"Fear them not [who persecute you], however; there is nothing veiled which 
will not be uncovered, nor secret which will not become known. What I tell you 
in the dark, speak in the light; and what is whispered into your ear proclaim upon 
the roofs of the houses. 

"And do not fear those who kill the body, but cannot kill the soul; but rather 
fear him who is able to destroy both soul and body in Gehenna. Do not two 



temple without laying a hand on anyone. And thus one cannot derive from this an exception to Yeshua's 
command not to physically resist evil persons. (The Messiah's reason for cleansing the temple is due to 
people being deceived in thinking that the animal sacrifices were saving them when such had no power 



to do so, yet Yeshua's very purpose for coming was to save people's souls. See within Sec. 7.4.2 on p. 



concerning animal sacrifices, and Ref. 349, Sec. 13: "The Cleansing of the Temple".) 

8 Romans 12:14, New King James Version. 
139 Cf. 1 Corinthians 3:18,19. 
140 Cf. 1 Peter 2:21-24. 



141 Matthew 10:26-31, Weymouth New Testament [475 ]; cf. Luke 12:4,5. 

57 



sparrows sell for a halfpenny? Yet not one of them will fall to the ground without 
your Father's leave. But as for you, the very hairs on your heads are all numbered. 
Away then with fear; you are more precious than a multitude of sparrows." 

Humans are social animals, and so the prospect humans tend to fear most is social 
rejection, as humans rely on their standing in society for their livelihood. To prevent 
the possibility of societal disapprobation, social approval is actively sought. This isn't 
necessarily always a conscious process for most, because as social creatures this is 
human instinct, and so behavior humans are predisposed to without even thinking 
about it. Another consequence of this instinct for social conformity is that when such 
exists, humans tend to follow whatever they identify as the leader of society, which 
governments work hard to position themselves as in the psyche of the public. Following 
the society's leader, and hence society, is an instinct humans have even to a suicidal 
degree, because the tendency for most humans is to avoid thoughtfully contemplating 
their own death — particularly the theological implications of it, even when nominally 
religious — but to rather have an uncircumspect mortal fear of those the government 
qua societal leader tells them to be afraid of. The government leads such people by the 
nose in a never-ending series of mad attempts to avert one phantom cataclysm after 
another. The result of this instinct for social conformity, and obliviousness to one's best 
interests on issues where sufficiently propagandized, is that no matter how deplorable, 
mendacious and destructive of their own civilization the cause is, governments in their 
rapine are often able to lead the greatest part of their country's subjects astray in going 
along with wars and other forms of enormously mortiferous mass-psychoses which 
stand to benefit only those in power and the common populace nothing. In order 
to have a willing stream of warm bodies to throw at their slaughters, governments 
attempt to make their wars into sacrosanct rites of passage, and call the people who 
fight for their wars "brave" and "courageous". Yet if this be "bravery", then bravery is 
not only a thoroughly commonplace behavior, but one that is to be condemned. 

Rather than going to one's death out of conformity and fear of societal disapproval, 
true bravery is simply living in truth, which includes a willingness to think for oneself 
and to come to veridical conclusions contrary to that of the government potentates, 
their cadre of opinion-gendarmes, and the afflicted society under their spell. As Christ 



said, "Yes, and why, even of yourselves, do you not judge what is right?' 142 True brav- 
ery entails a willingness to take ownership over one's own mind, instead of letting it be 
used as a weapon against one. Yet choosing to follow the truth is a frightful prospect 
for most people due to their fear of social rejection, so most people are kowtowed into 



142 



Luke 12:57, New King James Version; cf. Luke 12:14. 



58 



letting those in power do their thinking for them. Yet here is what the Messiah said 
regarding social conformity, even as it concerns one's own family: L 



"Do not think that I came to bring peace on earth. I did not come to bring peace 
but a sword. For I have come to 'set a man against his father, a daughter against 
her mother, and a daughter-indaw against her mother-indaw'; and 'a man's en- 
emies will be those of his own household.' He who loves father or mother more 
than Me is not worthy of Me. And he who loves son or daughter more than Me is 
not worthy of Me. And he who does not take his cross and follow after Me is not 
worthy of Me. He who finds his life will lose it, and he who loses his life for My 
sake will find it." 

Christ is not talking about a literal sword in the above, i.e., as a metonym for actual 
physical force, such as used by all the governments. Rather, Yeshua is talking about the 



Word of God. which is the sword that He bears, and of which figurative sword is 



146 



none other than simply the truth. This is the only "sword" not borne in vain. 

The "peace" which Jesus said He came to disturb above is that of social conformity, 
as Christ knew that abidance by His teachings will set even family members against 
His followers. The Messiah's point here is that one cannot use one's family members, 
not even young dependants, as an excuse for not abiding in Him, i.e., in the truth: as 
Christ defined Himself as the truth 



147 



Yet humans are apt at coming up with a great abundance of excuses for continuing 
to live in falsehood, particularly falsehoods that are popularly held. People worry about 
social disapprobation, or having to quit an unrighteous job which they are currently 
in, and what that would mean to their livelihoods, including their ability care for their 
children. All these things people use as excuses for doing wrong. Yet Christ made 
clear that there can be no excuse. Regarding the many worries that people have which 
prevent them following His teachings, the Messiah had this to say: 



.148 



"Therefore I say to you, do not worry about your life, what you will eat or 
what you will drink; nor about your body, what you will put on. Is not life more 
than food and the body more than clothing? Look at the birds of the air, for they 
neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feeds them. 
Are you not of more value than they? Which of you by worrying can add one cubit 
to his stature? 



143 Matthew 10:34-39, New King James Version; cf. Matthew 10:21; Luke 12:49-53; 14:25-33. 

144 See Ephesians 6:17. 

145 See Hebrews 4:12; Revelation 1:16; 19:15,21. 

146 See Matthew 26:52; Revelation 13:10. 

147 See John 14:6; cf. John 1:1-5. 

148 Matthew 6:25-34, New King James Version; cf. Luke 12:22-34. 

59 



"So why do you worry about clothing? Consider the lilies of the field, how 
they grow: they neither toil nor spin; and yet I say to you that even Solomon in 
all his glory was not arrayed like one of these. Now if God so clothes the grass of 
the field, which today is, and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, will He not much 
more clothe you, O you of little faith? 

"Therefore do not worry, saying, 'What shall we eat?' or 'What shall we drink?' 
or 'What shall we wear?' For after all these things the Gentiles seek. For your 
heavenly Father knows that you need all these things. But seek first the kingdom 
of God and His righteousness, and all these things shall be added to you. There- 
fore do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will worry about its own things. 
Sufficient for the day is its own trouble." 

The Messiah's point here is not that those who choose to follow Him won't suffer, 



as indeed Christ emphasized that they will suffer. 149 Rather, His point is that one must 
put one's trust in that which cannot fail, instead of the things of this mortal coil which 
are guaranteed to fail. As Yeshua said, "For what profit is it to a man if he gains the 



whole world, and loses his own soul? One may fight against others all one can, 



and after all that one is still going to die, as will one's loved-ones die. And so violence 



is a delusion, as it has no power to save life or limb. 151 Another reason for renouncing 
all violence, including defensive and retributive coercion, was already given above by 
the MessiahF 1 ! 

"For if you love those who love you, what reward have you? Do not even the tax 
collectors do the same? And if you greet your brethren only, what do you do more 
than others? Do not even the tax collectors do so? Therefore you shall be perfect, 
just as your Father in heaven is perfect." 

One of the aspects that made early Christianity an unstoppable force was that 
others saw that the Christians were willing to be tortured and killed for their beliefs, 
and that they did not physically resist their abusers in going to their deaths, but instead 
returned love to those who hated them. This made people wonder what truth could 
be so overwhelmingly powerful that they would act in such an otherworldly manner. 
People wanted to know what truth could be so beautiful that they would act with such 



149 See Matthew 5:10,12; 10:26-31; 16:24-26; Mark 8:34-38; 10:21; Luke 9:23-26; 12:4,5; 14:27; 
John 15:18-21; cf. 2 Timothy 3:12. 

150 Matthew 16:26, New King James Version; cf. Mark 8:36; Luke 9:25. 

lsl The objection might be raised that by the same token, neither can medical care save life or limb, 
since we are still going to die. However, this objection misses the point here, as medical care can be 
performed while still abiding by God's love, and indeed as an expression of that love. 

152 Matthew 5:46-48, New King James Version. 



60 



perfect love. Yet had the early Christians used force in resisting their attackers, they 
would have been behaving according to the way of this world, and hence on that count 
not doing anything more so than others do. Further, such actions ignore that God is an 
active participant in history, and so that ultimately His goal for existence cannot avoid 
being achieved. 

But in loving their enemies and not physically resisting their tortures and deaths, 
the early Christians were showing others the truth of how much God loves every per- 
son. For God in His Sonship aspect (see Isaiah 9:6) also sacrificed Himself in order 



to save the world, so unconditional and perfect is His love. 153 As Jesus said, "Greater 
love has no one than this, than to lay down one's life for his friends.' 154 Here Jesus of 
course isn't talking about dying by fighting in wars, but rather that of being martyred 
for speaking the truth. 

As previously mentioned above, there is no excuse for violating Yeshua's Com- 
mandment of the Golden Rule, which includes strict pacifism. Jesus said that "If you 
abide in My word, you are My disciples indeed. And you shall know the truth, and the 



truth shall make you free.' 155 Yet many people who think of themselves as Christians 
mistakenly believe that so long as they regard Jesus Christ as their Lord and Savior 
that they will be saved, as if the invocation of Yeshua's name is a form of talisman. 
Howbeit, the Messiah said that salvation does not work this way: 



156 



"Not everyone who says to Me, 'Lord, Lord,' shall enter the kingdom of heaven, 
but he who does the will of My Father in heaven. Many will say to Me in that day 
'Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in Your name, cast out demons in Your name, 
and done many wonders in Your name?' And then I will declare to them, 'I never 
knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness!' 

"Therefore whoever hears these sayings of Mine, and does them, I will liken 
him to a wise man who built his house on the rock: and the rain descended, the 
floods came, and the winds blew and beat on that house; and it did not fall, for it 
was founded on the rock. 

"But everyone who hears these sayings of Mine, and does not do them, will be 
like a foolish man who built his house on the sand: and the rain descended, the 
floods came, and the winds blew and beat on that house; and it fell. And great 
was its fall." 



153 Cf. Matthew 20:28; Mark 10:45. 

154 John 15:13, New King James Version. 

155 



John 8:31,32, New King James Version. 
156 Matthew 7:21-27, New King James Version; cf. Luke 6:46-49. Cf. Matthew 12:50; Mark 3:35; Luke 
:21; John 14:12,15,21,23,24; 15:10; 1 John 2:3-6; 5:2,3. 



61 



To reiterate the Messiah's words: "And do not fear those who kill the body, but 
cannot kill the soul; but rather fear him who is able to destroy both soul and body in 



Gehenna.' 157 Jesus is quite clear that this is the worst outcome that could ever possi- 



bly befall a person. There is nothing that can occur in this mortal life that could come 



close to it. 158 We should endeavor to warn others against that. And we should pray for 
those who abuse us, because there is no abuse which they could possibly inflict upon 
us which will match what is coming to them if they don't repent. For the same reason, 
there is no need to obtain retribution on this mortal coil, as the superhuman beings 
who perform the universal resurrection of the dead can institute a perfect justice, as 
they will learn everything about the past in perfect detail, right down to the quantum 
level; though, as said, we should not take pleasure in the prospect of anyone's pun- 
ishment after resurrection, but instead earnestly hope that they repent. (However, as 



pointed out in footnote 130 on p. 52, any such punishments would simply be done in 
order for existence to exist, not as an exercise of sating the cruelty of the far-future 
superintelligences.) 

Thus within all the travails of mankind we can stand with the security which cannot 
fail during the birth pangs as the Earth parturiates its first immortal sapient species 



159 



That unerring security simply being the truth. I will elaborate on a number of those 



birth pangs, including the greatest ones to come, in Section 8.2 

Nor does the fact that God has been proven to exist according to the known laws 
of physics leave no room for faith. Recall that Jesus Christ defined Himself as the truth 
(see John 14:6). Hence, truth, particularly scientific truth, confirms the existence of 
God and Yeshua Ha'Mashiach as the Second Person of the Trinity. 

The word used in the New Testament for faith is pistis (tugtu;), which means per- 
suasion, as in persuaded by the evidence. It further carries the meaning of a ground of 
belief, a guarantee, an assurance. Faith in the Christian sense is trust in the truth, even 
when things seem hopeless. It does not mean a lack of rationality in coming to belief 
in Jesus Christ. Indeed, Paul appealed to reason when he wrote in Romans 1:19,20 
that an understanding of the natural world leads to knowledge of God: 



160 



because what may be known of God is manifest in them, for God has shown it 
to them. For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly 
seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and 
Godhead, so that they are without excuse, . . . 



157 Matthew 10:28, Weymouth New Testament [475 1; cf. Matthew 10:26-31; Luke 12:4,5. 
ls8 See Matthew 5:29,30; 18:6-9; Mark 9:42-48. 
ls9 See Romans 8:19-23. 
160 New King James Version. 



62 



After all, some form of reason must be used in order for a person to convert in belief 
from one religion to another; or from any belief to another belief, for that matter. It 
can either be veridical reason, or false reason — but some process of reasoning must be 
involved. 

Having faith in God is having trust in the truth, since the Godhead in all Its fullness 
is the highest obtainment of truth: said state is the infinite perfection of all knowledge. 
As Paul wrote, "If God be for us, who can be against us?' 



161 



8.2 Ponerology Vis-a-Vis Politics 

8.2.1 The Beast 

Government Is by Definition a Subset of Conspiracy and Terrorism: Governments 
can only exist via a continuous violation of Jesus Christ's Commandment of the Golden 
Rule due to their coercive regional monopoly on the ultimate control of the law, which 
is a practice they treat as a crime if their subjects attempt to engage in it 



162 



It is for this reason that governments are intrinsically conspiracies. A conspiracy is 
simply when two or more people work together to do something improper to another 
or others (of which actions may or may not be kept secret, i.e., secrecy is not a nec- 
essary component for actions to be a conspiracy). The mere fact that governments set 
for themselves legal double-standards is alone quite enough to logically demonstrate 
that governments themselves consider their own actions improper, i.e., if their same 
actions which they do to others are done to them they regard it as a crime. Thus, 
the conclusion that government itself is the largest conspiracy to ever exist is logically 
unavoidable. 

Furthermore, the most egregious perpetrators of murderously brutal conspiracies 
are governments upon their own innocent citizens. More than six times the amount of 
noncombatants have been systematically murdered for purely ideological reasons by 
their own governments within the past century than were killed in that same timespan 
from wars. From 1900 to 1923, various Turkish regimes murdered from 3.5 million to 
over 4.3 million of its own Armenians, Greeks, Nestorians, and other Christians. The 
Soviet government murdered over 61 million of its own noncombatant subjects. The 
communist Chinese government murdered over 76 million of it own subjects. The 
National Socialist German government murdered some 16 million of it own subjects. 



161 Romans 8:31, King James Version. 

162 For more details on this, see Ref. 349, Sec. 2: "The Golden Rule Unavoidably Results in Anarchism"; 



also see Ref. 350 



63 



And that's only a sampling of governments mass-murdering their own noncombatant 
subjects within the past century 1 



163 



All totaled, neither the private-sector crime which government is largely respon- 
sible for promoting and causing nor even the wars committed by governments upon 
the subjects of other governments come anywhere close to the crimes government is 
directly responsible for committing against its own citizens — certainly not in amount 
of numbers. Without a doubt, the most dangerous presence to ever exist throughout 
history has been the people's very own government. (This is also historically true for 
the US government, as no group has killed more US citizens than the US government: 
e.g., with the Civil War; etc.) 

Not only were all of these government mass-slaughters conspiracies — massive con- 
spiracies, at that — but they were conspiracies of which, e.g., the 9/11 attacks are quite 
piddling by comparison. 

It's not that conspiracies aren't often successful, it's just that we call the most suc- 
cessful conspiracies governments. It's via the addition of impunity and societal inculca- 
tion whereby these conspiracies become culturally legitimized, not by the removal of 
inherent criminality (malum in se). Government is organized crime on such an exten- 
sive scale as to be largely impune. 

Indeed, since generally speaking the entire point of a conspiracy is to gain power 
over people and unearned wealth, virtually any conspiracy that managed to be truly 
successful on a large scale would be called a government. Successful small-scale con- 
spiracies, such as successful jewelry heists and the like, of course don't obtain the 
status of government, precisely because those conspiracies — though successful — were 
on a small scale, and hence never obtained power over the masses. 

So the irony is that if a conspiracy is successful on a large enough scale, it is not 
called a conspiracy. Had the Nazis managed to take over the world, the masses would 
not know them today as the criminal conspirators that they indeed are, but instead as 
the legitimate legal authority to which the masses owe their loyalty. 

Moreover, all modern definitions of terrorism inherently include government as 
a subset. It's only circular definitions of terrorism which by one means or another 
specifically exclude government (such as explicitly designating the government — or 
the "legitimate legal authority", etc. — as being excluded from the definition) which 
manage to avoid having government fall under their definitions. But even these cir- 
cular definitions of terrorism inherently contain government as a subset of terrorism, 
for the very reason that these definitions found it necessary to specifically exclude gov- 
ernment from the definition. That is, all of these circular definitions of terrorism state 



163 



The preceding figures are from Prof. Rudolph Joseph Rummel's University of Hawaii website (Web- 



Cite: 5x7A2YWRI. <http://goo.gl/PsZDW>). See also Refs. 97 365 

I I U I I _l I . 

64 



(in words to the effect) that terrorism is the use of initiatory violence or the threat 
thereof in order to achieve political aims, except for such actions by governments — 
thereby admitting that governments, objectively speaking, inherently use the methods 
of terrorism (and thus necessitating that government be specifically excluded from the 
definition of terrorism, as otherwise it would naturally fall under the definition) . 

Indeed, the word "terrorism" originally referred exclusively to government actions: 
i.e., the Reign of Terror in France against critics of the state, which was done according 
to the law — and later on the word terrorism was used to refer to other governmental 



systems [386] 



Not only are all governments inherently terroristic, but they are by far the largest 
and most murderous terrorist organizations in existence. Just within the last century 
governments butchered over 200 million people, almost all of them innocent noncom- 
batants 



164 



Duplicitous State Terrorism: Jesus Christ said that "the sons of this world are more 



shrewd in their generation than the sons of light.' 165 Besides overt terrorism being the 
standard methodology of the state's power, terrorism is the health of the state in other 
ways, including deceitful, which is why so many governments throughout history have 
manufactured duplicitous terrorism in which to serve as a pretext in order to usurp 
ever more power and control. 

Christians ought to be especially skeptical of the government's preternaturally con- 
venient and auspicious claims regarding terrorism, given the history of the state falsely 
accusing Christians of acts of terrorism, such as with Emperor Nero accusing the Chris- 
tians of intentionally starting the Great Fire of Rome that began on the night between 
July 18-19, 64 and which lasted for around a week. Contemporaneous Roman histo- 
rian Tacitus records that many people thought Nero himself had ordered the fire set, 
and that he blamed the Christians in an attempt to remove suspicion from himself: 



166 



But all human efforts, all the lavish gifts of the emperor, and the propitiations 
of the gods, did not banish the sinister belief that the conflagration was the result 
of an order. Consequently, to get rid of the report, Nero fastened the guilt and in- 
flicted the most exquisite tortures on a class hated for their abominations, called 
Christians by the populace. Christus, from whom the name had its origin, suffered 
the extreme penalty during the reign of Tiberius at the hands of one of our procu- 
rators, Pontius Pilatus, and a most mischievous superstition, thus checked for the 
moment, again broke out not only in Judaea, the first source of the evil, but even 



163 



164 For those statistics, see footnote 
165 Luke 16:8, New King James Version. 

166 



on p. 



64 



Ref. |414| Book 15, Ch. 44, pp. 304-305. 

65 



in Rome, where all things hideous and shameful from every part of the world find 
their centre an d be come popular. Accordingly, an arrest was first made of all who 
pleaded guilty j 167 | then, upon their information, an immense multitude was con- 
victed, not so much of the crime of firing the city, as of hatred against mankind. 
Mockery of every sort was added to their deaths. Covered with the skins of beasts, 
they were torn by dogs and perished, or were nailed to crosses, or were doomed 
to the flames and burnt, to serve as a nightly illumination, when daylight had 
expired. 

Nero offered his gardens for the spectacle, and was exhibiting a show in the 
circus, while he mingled with the people in the dress of a charioteer or stood 
aloft on a car. Hence, even for criminals who deserved extreme and exemplary 
punishment, there arose a feeling of compassion; for it was not, as it seemed, for 
the public good, but to glut one man's cruelty, that they were being destroyed. 

The Roman historian Suetonius records that Nero's attendants were even caught 



setting fire to Rome: 



168 



When someone in a general conversation said: 



169 



"When I am dead, be earth consumed by fire,' 

he [Nero] rejoined "Nay, rather while I live," and his action was wholly in accord. 
For under cover of displeasure at the ugliness of the old buildings and the nar- 



row, crooked streets, he set fire to the city 17 ° so openly that several ex-consuls 
did not venture to lay hands on his chamberlains although they caught them 
on their estates with tow and firebrands, while some granaries near the Golden 
House, whose room he particularly desired, were demolished by engines of war 
and then set on fire, because their walls were of stone. For six days and seven 
nights destruction raged, while the people were driven for shelter to m onuments 
and tombs. At that time, besides an immense number of dwellings .qj the houses 
of leaders of old were burned, still adorned with trophies of victory, and the tem- 
ples of the gods vowed and dedicated by the kings and later in the Punic and 



167 My note: Here "pleaded guilty" could simply refer to pleading guilty to being a Christian, as opposed 
to a crime against person or property. 



168 



Ref. 



403 



Book 6: "Nero", Ch. 38, pp. 154-157. Footnote indicators have been changed in the quoted 
text for clarity. 

169 Translator's note: "A line put by Dio, 68. 23, into the mouth of Tiberius. It is believed to be from the 
Bellerophon, a lost play of Euripides." 

170 Translator's note: "But cf. Tac. Ann. 15. 38." 

171 Translator's note: "Insulae here refers to blocks of houses, or tenements, in which rooms were rented 
to the poorer classes; domus to detached houses or mansions." 



66 



Gallic wars, and whatever else interesting and noteworthy had survived from an- 



tiquity. Viewing the conflagration from the tower of Maecenas 172 and exulting , as 
he said, in "the beauty of the flames," he sang the whole of the "Sack of Ilium,' 173 
in his regular stage costume. Furthermore, to gain from this calamity too all the 
spoil and booty possible, while promising the removal of the debris and dead bod- 
ies free of cost he allowed no one to approach the ruins of his own property; and 
from the contributions which he not only received, but even demanded, he nearly 
bankrupted the provinces and exhausted the resources of individuals. 



The Roman historian Cassius Dio writes the following on the Great Fire: 



174 



After this Nero set his heart on accomplishing what had doubtless always been 
his desire, namely to make an end of the whole city and realm during his lifetime. 
At all events, he, like others before him, used to call Priam wonderfully fortunate 
in that he had seen his country and his throne destroyed together. Accordingly 
he secretly sent out men who pretended to be drunk or engaged in other kinds 
of mischief, and caused them at first to set fire to one or two or even several 
buildings in different parts of the city, so that people were at their wits' end, not 
being able to find any beginning of the trouble nor to put an end to it, though 
they constantly were aware of many strange sights and sounds 

Many houses were destroyed for want of anyone to help save them, and many 
others were set on fire by the same men who came to lend assistance; for the 
soldiers, including the night watch, having an eye to plunder, instead of putting 

out fires, kindled new ones There was no longer any grieving over personal 

losses, but they [the Plebs] lamented the public calamity, recalling how once be- 
fore most of the city had been thus laid waste by the Gauls. While the whole 
population was in this state of mind and many, crazed by the disaster, were leap- 
ing into the very flames, Nero ascended to the roof of the palace, from which there 
was the best general view of the greater part of the conflagration, and assuming 
the lyre-player's garb, he sang the "Capture of Troy," as he styled the song himself, 
though to the enemies of the spectators it was the Capture of Rome 

There was no curse that the populace did not invoke upon Nero, though they 
did not mention his name, but simply cursed in general terms those who had set 
the city on fire. And they were disturbed above all by recalling the oracle which 
once in the time of Tiberius had been on everybody's lips. It ran thus: 



172 Translator's note: "A tower connected with the house and gardens of Maecenas on the Esquiline; 
see Hor. Odes, 3. 29. 10, molem propinquam nubibus arduis. It was probably connected with the Palatine 
by the domus transitoria; see chap. xxi. 2 and Tac. Ann. 15. 39, whose account, as well as that of Dio, 
62. 18, differs from that of Suetonius." 

173 Translator's note: "Probably a composition of his own; cf. Juv. 8. 221 and Vitell. xi. 2." 



174 Ref.[113j Book 62, Ch. 16-18, pp. 111-117. 

67 



"Thrice three hundred years having run their course of fulfilment, 
Rome by the strife of her people shall perish." 

And when Nero, by way of encouraging them, reported that these verses could not 
be found anywhere, they dropped them and proceeded to repeat another oracle, 
which they averred to be a genuine Sibylline prophecy, namely: 

"Last of the sons of Aeneas, a mother-slayer shall govern." 

And so it proved, whether this verse was actually spoken beforehand by some 
divine prophecy, or the populace was now for the first time inspired, in view of the 
present situation, to utter it. For Nero was indeed the last emperor of the Julian 
line, the line descended from Aeneas. He now began to collect vast sums from 
private citizens as well as from whole communities, sometimes using compulsion, 
taking the conflagration as his pretext, and sometimes obtaining it by voluntary 
contributions, as they were made to appear. As for the Romans themselves, he 
deprived them of the free dole of grain. 

Indeed, the cross is a device of overt government terrorism. Thus the Christian 
symbolism of the cross represents not merely triumph over death, but also triumph 
over government, even in death — making the Christian cross the ultimate anarchist 
symbolQ 



In an investigation published in 2001 — which to date is the most thorough study 
ever conducted into the matter — historian Alexander Bahar and physicist and psychol- 
ogist Wilfried Kugel confirmed the common view that the Reichstag Fire was set by 
the Nazis ^. Enkindled on the night of February 27, 1933, the Reichstag Fire was 
subsequently used by the Nazis as the pretext to pass the Reichstag Fire Decree and 
the Enabling Act which, respectively, abrogated numerous human rights and cemented 
Adolf Hitler as dictator. 

The staged Polish invasion events on August 31, 1939 upon Germany — of which 
the attack on the Sender Gleiwitz radio station that day is the most famous incident — 
were used by Hitler as the casus belli for the Nazi invasion of Poland the next day 



and hence the start of World War II. The Gleiwitz event was one of several staged 



175 For more on this, see Ref. 349 which demonstrates the logically unavoidable anarchism of Jesus 
Christ's teachings as recorded in the New Testament (in addition to analyzing their context in relation 
to his actions, to the Tanakh, and to his apostles) . It is logically complete on this subject, in the sense of 
its apodixis. 

176 As Adolf Hitler stated on September 1, 1939 in his address to the Reichstag [486] justifying his 
invasion of Poland (in translation) : 



68 



incidents that were a part of Operation Himmler, which was a false-flag campaign 
conducted by the Nazis in order to make it appear as if Germany was under attack 
from Poland. In the Gleiwitz and other Operation Himmler incidents, German locations 
were attacked by Schutzstaffel (SS) and Sicherheitsdienst (SD) agents with the dead 
bodies of German prisoners dressed in Polish uniforms left behind. 



177 



So in the Operation Himmler affair we have the astonishing fact that history's most 
deadly war — to date — was unequivocally started by government false-flag staged ter- 
rorism events. Thus, the importance of duplicitous state terrorism to history is beyond 



But I am wrongly judged if my love of peace and my patience are mistaken for weak- 
ness or even cowardice. I, therefore, decided last night and informed the British Govern- 
ment that in these circumstances I can no longer find any willingness on the part of the 
Polish Government to conduct serious negotiations with us. 

These proposals for mediation have failed because in the meanwhile there, first of 
all, came as an answer the sudden Polish general mobilization, followed by more Polish 
atrocities. These were again repeated last night. Recently in one night there were as many 
as twenty-one frontier incidents: last night there were fourteen, of which three were quite 
serious. I have, therefore, resolved to speak to Poland in the same language that Poland 
for months past has used toward us. This attitude on the part of the Reich will not change. 

This night for the first time Polish regular soldiers fired on our territory. Since 5.45 
A.M. we have been returning the fire, and from now on bombs will be met by bombs. 
Whoever fight with poison gas will be fought with poison gas. Whoever departs from the 
rules of humane warfare can only expect that we shall do the same. I will continue this 
struggle, no matter against whom, until the safety of the Reich and its rights are secured. 

Hitler's above passage of the "language that Poland for months past has used toward us" refers to the 
Polish government's policy at the time of Polonization, which put pressure on ethnic Germans and other 
non-Polish ethnicities to either move out of Poland or to adopt the Polish language and customs. 



In Hitler's proclamation to the German Army on September 1,1939 [485 ], he stated that 



The Polish State has refused the peaceful settlement of relations which I desired, and 
has appealed to arms. Germans in Poland are persecuted with bloody terror and driven 
from their houses. A series of violations of the frontier, intolerable to a great Power, prove 
that Poland is no longer willing to respect the frontier of the Reich. 

In order to put an end to this lunacy, I have no other choice than to meet force with 
force from now on. The German Army will fight the battle for the honour and the vital 
rights of reborn Germany with hard determination. I expect that every soldier, mindful 
of the great traditions of eternal German soldiery, will ever remain conscious that he is 
a representative of the National-Socialist Greater Germany. Long live our people and our 
Reich! 

The counterfeit Polish attack upon Germany is again cited as justification for the invasion of Poland 
in item No. 4 of the German government's September 3, 1939 communication [487] in response to the 
British gover nment's ultimatum (also given on the same day) that Germany retreat from Poland. 



177 Ref.|210l pp. 216-217, 242-244. 

69 



colossal: just going by the scale of horrors wrought by World War II alone, it would ap- 
pear to quite possibly be the most important primum mobile of history vis-a-vis tyranny 
and war. 



The incident that was used as the pretext to usher the United States into World 
War II was the Japanese government's attack on the US Navy base at Pearl Harbor 
on December 7, 1941. The attack upon Pearl Harbor was neither unprovoked nor 
unexpected by the US government, as the US government had been engaged in a 
series of actions intended to force Japan into attacking one of its imperial outposts. As 



US Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson wrote in his diary on November 25, 1941 



178 



At the [White House] meeting were [Cordell] Hull, [Frank] Knox, [George] Mar- 
shall, [Harold] Stark, and myself. There the President, instead of bringing up the 
Victory Parade [a footnote here states, "This was an office nickname for the Gen- 
eral Staff strategic plan of national action in case of war in Europe."], brought up 
entirely the relations with the Japanese. He brought up the event that we were 
likely to be attacked perhaps (as soon as) next Monday, for the Japanese are no- 
torious for making an attack without warning, and the question was what we 
should do. The question was how we should maneuver them into the position of 
firing the first shot without allowing too much danger to ourselves. 



On December 7, 1941, Stimson wrote in his diary thai 



179 



When the news first came that Japan had attacked us, my first feeling was of 
relief that the indecision was over and that a crisis had come in a way which 
would unite all our people. This continued to be my dominant feeling in spite 
of the news of catastrophes which quickly developed. For I feel that this country 
united has practically nothing to fear; while the apathy and division stirred by 
unpatriotic men have been hitherto very discouraging. 

Neither shock nor surprise was the emotion that Stimson felt upon being told of the 
Japanese military's attack on the US Navy base at Pearl Harbor, but rather "relief" — 
including "relief" regarding the catastrophic way it happened: as the scale of the catas- 
trophe provided the decisive push required to "unite" the country to go to war. While 
Franklin Roosevelt's "date which will live in infamy" certainly came as a surprise to 
most of the American public, it came as no surprise to Roosevelt or Stimson, as in- 
deed they were counting on it. The "indecision" Stimson refers to is the fact that by 



90 



178 Ref. 

179 RefsT90 p. 5438; 397 p. 393. 



p. 5433. 



70 



far most Americans didn't want to get involved in World War II, and the "unpatriotic 
men" Stimson refers to are those who counseled the founding American principle of 
noninterventionism which the same majority of Americans preferred to follow before 
the attack on Pearl Harbor. 

In the "Top Secret Report of Army Pearl Harbor Board" republished in the proceed- 
ings of the official US Congressional Joint Committee on the Investigation of the Pearl 



Harbor Attack the report concludes that 



There, therefore, can be no question that between the dates of December 4 
and December 6, the imminence of war on the following Saturday and Sunday, 
December 6 and 7, was clear-cut and definite. 

Up to the morning of December 7, 1941, everything that the Japanese were 
planning to do was known to the United States except the final message instruct- 
ing the Japanese Embassy to present the 14th part together with the preceding 
13 parts of the long message at one o'clock on December 7, or the very hour and 
minute when bombs were falling on Pearl Harbor. 

For the extent of just how much was known by the US government and its strategy 



to provoke the Japanese government into attacking, see References 20 140 159 299 
39HJ |450j [459j [4771 [479 



The event which escalated the United States' involvement in Vietnam into a full- 
scale war was the Gulf of Tonkin incident. On August 2, 1964, the destroyer-type 
warship USS Maddox (DD-731) came under fire from three North Vietnamese Navy 
torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin as it was conducting signals intelligence. The 
US military sustained no casualties and only slight materiel damage, with four North 
Vietnamese personnel killed. What provoked the North Vietnamese military to fire 
upon the Maddox was that a day earlier, South Vietnamese raiders under the com- 
mand of the US military attacked two islands off the North Vietnamese coast as part 
of a highly-classified US program against North Vietnam that began in 1961, called 
Operations Plan 34A (Oplan 34A), which used South Vietnamese personnel trained, 
supplied, and commanded by the Pentagon in order to insulate the extent of the US 
government's role in actions against North Vietnam. 

In the August 3, 1964, 10:20 a.m. (Washington, DC time) telephone conversation 
between US President Lyndon Johnson and Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara 



91 



180 Ref. 
181 Ibid7p 230 



pp. 221-230. 



71 



[220] pertaining to the August 2 incident, McNamara stresses to Johnson (1:54-2:31 



min:sec 182 ) that the prior Oplan 34A actions were definitely involved in provoking the 
North Vietnamese to fire upon the Maddox. Nevertheless, the American public were not 
told of this connection by the US government in the publicity that surrounded the Gulf 
of Tonkin affair, which was instead misrepresented by the presidential administration 



as an unprovoked attack [223]. 



During the August 4, 1964, 9:43 a.m. phone call between Johnson and McNamara 



[221], they discuss actions to be taken against North Vietnam concerning the August 2 
event. They agree to a plan designed to create a staged incident that will provide the 
US government a pretext to take direct military action against North Vietnam. Within a 
section of the conversation where McNamara explains to Johnson why the part of the 
already-devised staged-incident plan which involved placing US warships 11 miles off 
the coast of North Vietnam should not be changed to eight miles off the coast as was 



recommended by Admiral Ulysses S. Grant Sharp, Jr. .^ McNamara states (2:20-2:33 
min:sec) that 

These orders are very precise; the tracks are laid down very clearly; they go 
through three command channels to get out there; this ship is allegedly, uh, to 
be attacked tonight — we don't like to see a change in operation plan of this kind 
at this time. 

McNamara continues relating Admiral Sharp's recommendations as they pertain to 
the already-devised staged-incident plan (3:02-4:22 min:sec): 

[McNamara:] Secondly, he [Sharp] recommends that the task force comman- 
der be authorized to pursue any attacker and destroy the base of the attacker. In 
this instance, if he were attacked by patrol boats, it would mean that he would 
pursue the patrol craft into the shore line, uh, identify the base of the patrol craft 
and destroy that base. Now this is an action that we might well wish to consider 
after the second attack. But I think it would be inappropriate, and General [Earle] 
Wheeler agrees, and Dean Rusk agrees, inappropriate to provide the task force 
commander that authority. There will be ample time for us, after a second attack, 



182 Recording times given herein are for the digital audio files as downloaded on May 28, 2011 from the 
website of the Presidential Recordings Program, Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia, 
which come from the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library & Museum, US National Archives and Records 
Administration. For more on these recordings, see Ref. 260. 

183 North Vietnam recognized 12 miles from the coast and farther as being international waters, and 
so the point of placing US warships closer than this was either to provoke a North Vietnamese attack 
or to provide a plausible rationale as to why they would attack in the case of a completely fabricated 
false-flag attack. 



72 



to bring this problem to your attention, and you can then decide how far you wish 
to pursue the attacker into his base area. 

[Johnson:] What objections do you have to pursuing it? 

[McNamara:] With only the objection that if we give such authority you have, 
in a sense, lost control of, of the degree of our, uh, response to the North Viet- 
namese. If you don't know exactly what bases will be attacked, where they are 
in relation to population centers, how much force will be applied to attack them, 
when it will occur. I, I personally would recommend to you, after a second attack 
on our ships, that we do retaliate against the coast of North Vietnam some way or 
other. And we'll be prepared . . . 

The conversation later continues (4:59-5:30 min:sec): 

[Johnson:] ... I wish we could have something [i.e., North Vietnamese tar- 
gets] that we already picked out, and uh, and just hit about three of them damned 
quick right after. 

[McNamara:] We will have that, and, and I, I've talked to Mac [McGeorge] 
Bundy a moment ago and told him that I thought that was the most important 
subject we should consider today, and, and be prepared to recommend to you a 
response, a retaliation move against North Vietnam in the event this attack takes 
place within the next six to nine hours. And we — 

[Johnson:] All right. Now we better do that at lunch. There's some things I 
don't want to go in with these other — I want to keep this as close as I can. So let's 
just try to keep it to the two or three. 

I have emphasized particular passages above to call one's attention to the most 
relevant sections of the conversation. Especially interesting is McNamara's statement 
in the first quoted passage that "this ship is allegedly, uh, to be attacked tonight", 
referring to a US military ship "allegedly" to be attacked, i.e., that it won't actually 
be attacked, but will instead only be alleged to have been attacked. McNamara here 
might be referring to a contingency plan in case the North Vietnamese military refused 
to take the bait that he and Johnson were setting. 

As it so happened, McNamara's statement in the last passage above regarding "in 
the event this attack takes place within the next six to nine hours" didn't have to 



wait that long, as McNamara called Johnson back on August 4, 11:06 a.m. — about 



one hour and 18 minutes later — and informed him that the destroyer (referring to 



184 Although to be precise to McNamara's "next six to nine hours" statement, he was referring to 
having recommendations ready to present to Johnson regarding North Vietnamese targets to strike if 
the desired attack upon a US military ship came within (and, presumably, after) that period; he wasn't 
saying that the incident would occur within that time. 



73 



the Maddox in the Gulf of Tonkin) was under attack by the North Vietnamese [ 222 ] . 
Howbeit, as it further happened, the North Vietnamese military had in fact not taken 
the bait: the alleged attack on August 4, 1964 never happened. 

Whatever the actual agency or mechanism of the phantom attack of August 4, 
1964 upon the Maddox, had the North Vietnamese actually attacked the Maddox on 
August 4, they would simply have been falling for an engineered provocation designed 
for precisely that response in order to provide the US government a pretext for engag- 
ing in direct action against North Vietnam. So even if immediately after the second 
incident Johnson thought that the attack had taken place, he still knew it was a set-up 
of his own machination: one in which he was willing to potentially sacrifice the lives 
of the entire crew of the Maddox in order to obtain the pretext for escalating the war. 

Even though the alleged attack on August 4, 1964 never occurred — and even had 
the attack actually taken place, Johnson still would have known it was a treachery of 
his own duplicity — this non-attack was trumpeted by the White House as demonstra- 
tion of North Vietnam's bellicosity toward the US [223], and the US Congress passed 
the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution on August 7, 1964 in response to the August 4 alleged 
attack, which authorized the US president to engage in direct military action against 



the North Vietnamese [ 92 ] . It is this resolution which began America's full-scale war 
in Vietnam. 

According to the US government's casualty statistics on the Vietnam War, from 
1956 through 1 964, a total of 40 1 US military personnel were killed in Vietnam [ 3 04 ] . 
However, a total of 58,193 US military members were killed during the entire Vietnam 
War, meaning that almost all of these people were killed due to US President Johnson 
and the US government's highest military leaders' perfidy of deceitfully engineering 



the US into direct warfare against North Vietnam 185 while deliberately lying to the 
American public about the nature of the Gulf of Tonkin incident [223]. 

Three months before the Gulf of Tonkin incident, in the telephone conversation on 



April 30, 1964, 7:50 p.m., 186 Johnson requested of McNamara a way to escalate the 
military actions being taken against North Vietnam by setting a "trap" for the North 
Vietnamese (4:36-4:59 min:sec): 



185 The Paris Peace Accords to end the Vietnam War took effect on the beginning of January 28, 1973 
Greenwich Mean Time [74]. Although a number of US forces stayed in Vietnam until the Fall of Saigon 
on April 30, 1975. The Mayaguez Incident from May 12-15, 1975 between Cambodia's Khmer Rouge 
and the US was the last official battle of the Vietnam War. 

186 Ref. 



219 



From 3:01-3:31 min:sec of the recording the audio is censored as classified information 
[284 p. 379]. From 4:07-4:25 min:sec the audio is censored under deed of gift restriction (ibid., p. 



380). For more on this, see under the entry "Restriction" on p. 9 of Ref. 260 



74 



[Johnson:] Well, what I want is somebody to lay up some plans to trap these 
guys and, uh, whoop the hell out of 'em. Kill some of 'em. That's what I want to 
do. If this Army Chief of Staff is not going to do it, let's get somebody else that'll 

doitra 

[McNamara:] I'll try and bring something back that will meet that objective. 

[Johnson:] Okay, Bob. 

[McNamara:] Thanks. [Phone call ends.] 



In 2009 a peer-reviewed paper [173] published in a mainstream chemical physics 
journal and authored by nine scientists working in laboratories at multiple univer- 
sities using state-of-the-art equipment confirmed the presence of large quantities of 
metal iron spheres of reacted thermite, and flakes (chips) of unreacted (i.e., still ac- 
tive) superthermite (also called nanothermite, which is thermite which has been made 
even more reactive by decreasing the thermitic particle size down to the nanometer 
range), in different dust samples from the World Trade Center (WTC) towers which 



collapsed on September 11, 2001 188 that were collected from multiple people at differ- 
ent sites even before cleanup operations began. The physical and chemical properties 
of these spheres and flakes were analyzed using optical microscopy, scanning elec- 
tron microscopy (SEM), X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (XEDS), and differential 
scanning calorimetry (DSC), among other methods. 

For more information on the background on this paper, including the extensive 
research that went into it and the rigorous peer-review process that it underwent, I 
highly recommend everyone listen to the interview of physicist Prof. Emeritus Steven 
E. Jones, one of the paper's authors, in Reference |481[ Additionally available at the 
aforecited reference are interviews of chemists Kevin R. Ryan and Prof. Niels H. Harrit, 
who are also coauthors of the paper. 

Two other peer-reviewed papers pertaining to the presence of large quantities of 
thermite in the dust of the collapsed WTC towers have also been published in main- 



stream science journals [231 367]. See also References 168 228- 230[ which are ad 



ditional articles on the controlled demolition of the WTC buildings. 



187 Army Chief of Staff Earle "Bus" Wheeler was promoted to Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
on July 2, 1964, when Maxwell Taylor (the previous Chairman) became the US Ambassador to South 
Vietnam. Harold K. Johnson replaced Wheeler as the Army Chief of Staff on July 3, 1964. 

188 The three WTC buildings that collapsed on September 11, 2001 were 1 World Trade Center (North 
Tower), 2 World Trade Center (South Tower) — which together were the Twin Towers — and 7 World 
Trade Center. 



75 



Thermite is a mixture of a metal and an oxide capable of undergoing an exother- 
mic reduction-oxidation (redox) reaction, which is known as the thermite reaction 



[465 ]. 189 Usually the metal and the oxide are each in the form of powders, and the 
oxide is typically a metal oxide. The elemental metal must have a greater chemical 
affinity for oxygen than the metal element making up the metallic oxide, otherwise 
the thermite reaction will not occur. A common form of thermite is a stoichiometric 
mixture of aluminum (Al) powder and ferric oxide (Fe 2 3 ) powder which, when ig- 
nited, produces iron (Fe) as molten metal and aluminum oxide (Al 2 3 ) as white ash 
or smoke per the reaction 

2A1 + Fe 2 3 -» 2Fe + Al 2 3 , A r H e = -850.187 kJ/mol, (1) 

which in the process can generate temperatures in excess of 2500 °C. 

In addition to the presence of large amounts of nanothermite in the dust of the col- 
lapsed WTC buildings, another truly vital piece of evidence that provides unambiguous 
proof that the WTC towers were brought down by controlled demolition are the videos 
of the white-hot metal flame with the yellow-hot molten metal seen cascading off the 



190 



South Tower (World Trade Center Tower 2) immediately before its collapse 

That piece of evidence isn't merely a smoking gun: it's a smoking nuclear cannon. 
Those videos, alone and by themselves, are irrefragable proof that the South Tower 
(at the very least) had thermite-like ("like" in the sense of producing comparable tem- 
peratures and having a similar energy density) incendiary demolition charges with the 
ability to easily slice through structural steel going off within it. There is no innocent 
explanation for what those videos record. 

That is to say, the only way to get around that it is thermite which is causing that 
white-hot metal flame and the yellow-hot molten metal to cascade off the South Tower 
before its collapse would be to posit that we are seeing a different form of extremely 
powerful incendiary with thermite-like temperatures at work in the videos. Of which, 
even if true, would be every bit as damning, since no such powerful incendiaries can 
be accounted for without involving a sinister intent to plant them there. 

From the color of the yellow-hot molten metal seen cascading off the South Tower, 
it had to be at least over 1000 °C, with the literally white-hot metal flame being around 
the temperature of a common light bulb's lit filament of circa 2500 °C (as the temper- 



ature of an incandescent object is exhibited by its coloi 191 ), yet jet fuel burns in open 



189 Also called the Goldschmidt reaction, named after Johannes Wilhelm "Hans" Goldschmidt, who, in 
addition to Claude Vautin, developed thermite (which Goldschmidt named T hermit) in the 1890s. 

190 Videos of the aforesaid yellow-hot molten metal can be viewed at Refs. 82 83 88 139 303 For 
videos of the literally white-hot metal flame, read farther below in the main text. 

191 See the "Temperature Guide" J45lfl chart published by the Swedish steel-manufacturing company 
Uddeholm. The left-hand side of the chart gives colors for graybody (e.g., steel, iron, aluminum, etc.) 

76 



air at a maximum of about 812 °C. 192 nor can burning office, building, and plane ma- 
terials explain the white-hot metal flame and yellow-hot molten metal. 193 Thus, if it 
wasn't molten iron from thermite that we are seeing come off the South Tower, then 
by necessity a reaction source with a temperature intensity and energy density very 
much like thermite had to be present. Yet there is nothing in the US government's ac- 
count that can explain such a heat source; indeed, there's nothing innocent that could 
explain it, since it requires a substantial amount of some form of extremely powerful 
incendiary. 

In the National Institute of Standards and Technology's (Nist) 2005 report Federal 
Building and Fire Safety Investigation of the World Trade Center Disaster, Nist states 
thaS 



and blackbody incandescent objects. (The right-hand side of the chart can be ignored: it is used for 
tempering, and gives the reflected-light colors of oxides formed on the surface of steel.) Note that the 
names given to the colors in the chart don't necessarily match the common names for colors, e.g., 
"White" in the chart is literally a light yellow, which is the highest color temperature the chart gives. 
The literally white-hot metal flame filmed at the South Tower is far hotter than this. 



Fema p79\ Ch. 2, p. 34] and Nist [ |306| Vol. 4, App. H, pp. 38-39, 43] mention the yellow-hot 
molten metal, but suggest that it is molten aluminum, which is not physically possible. Different mate- 
rials incandesce with different degrees of brightness. Aluminum incandesces faintly, and when poured 
at this temperature appears silvery in daylight. This is due to aluminum's low emissivity (e) and ab- 
sorptivity, and hence its high reflectivity, causing the daylight to overpower its weak colored glow. Nist 



later claimed [310 Q&A No. 11] that the yellow incandescence of this molten metal was likely due to 



burning organic materials entrained in molten aluminum. However, this doesn't work either: see the ex- 



periments on molten aluminum conducted by Jones et al. [226 227 258 ]. The antiphysical suggestion 



of aluminum is at any rate a red herring, since even if we fancifully imagine that it is aluminum, the 
only way it could have gotten to glow so brightly is with a considerable amount of extremely powerful 
incendiary. Indeed, the suggestion that this is aluminum just makes the case all the more damning, 
since it would require a much higher temperature to make aluminum glow so bright than it would 
iron. Moreover, for aluminum to be at this level of brightness, due to its higher temperature its color 
would be shifted higher on the Planckian locus (i.e., the falling molten metal which is yellow-hot would 
instead be white-hot). 

192 According to fire-researcher Prof. Hayasaka's experiments [191, p. 268], "the highest flame tem- 
perature of kerosene is only 1085 K . . . ", referring to a diffusion flame (i.e., open-air combustion where 
the fuel has not been premixed with air or oxygen). Although this temperature is only reached in a 
small area near the bottom of the flame (ibid.). Jet fuels A and A-l are the common commercial grades 



of jet fuel, which is kerosene with a small amount of additives to improve its stability [275 276]. 

193 Nist themselves realized that this yellow-hot molten metal is not something that can be explained 
due to temperatures reached in the WTC buildings via the burning of office, building, and plane mate- 
rials, otherwise there would have been no need for Nist to attempt to explain it away by resorting to 
the antiphysical claim that this was likely molten aluminum with burning organic materials entrained. 

on p. 



For a discussion on this, see footnote 191 



77 



194 Page 344 ofRef. j309| Ch. 9: "Fire BeHavior in World Trade Center 2", pp. 297-415; cited photograph 
on p. 345. 



77 



The intense fire in the northeast corner opening of the 81st floor is still present. 
An unusual flame is visible within this fire. In the upper photograph in Figure 
9-44 a very bright white flame, as opposed to the typical yellow or orange sur- 
rounding flames, which is generating a plume of white smoke, stands out. The 
intensity of this flame is considerably brighter than normal flames. It was easily 
identified in numerous photographs and videos shot from long distances at which 
the surrounding "normal" flames were not visible. The brightness of the flame, 
along with the white smoke, suggests that some type of metal is burning. Metal 
combustion is known to generate much higher flame temperatures than hydrocar- 
bon combustion, and, as a result, to burn much brighter. It is difficult to identify 
what type of metal is burning. Aluminum will burn, but in normal fires it usually 
melts instead because the metal surface is protected by an oxide layer that must 
be breeched before ignition can take place. Aluminum oxide melts at high temper- 
atures that are not typically reached in normal fires. There were limited quantities 
of other metals on the aircraft that might also burn. Whatever the metal, the ig- 
nition of a metal fire is an indication of the significant heating of the debris that 
took place in the northeast corner of the 81st floor due to the prolonged intense 
burning in this area following the aircraft impact. 

Videos of the white-hot metal flame which Nist refers to in the above passage can 
be viewed in References I46ir48 pn The video of Reference [48] shows molten metal 



pouring from the metal flame. 

So great was the production of molten iron on September 11, 2001 in the collapse 
of the destroyed WTC buildings that iron spheres are a common component in the 



195 These videos were released by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (Nist) under 
a Freedom of Information Act (Foia) request filed by attorney James R. Gourley (who also holds a 
Bachelor of Science degree in Chemical Engineering) of the International Center for 9/11 Studies, of 
which Center posted them for free downloading via BitTorrent at <http://911datasets.org>. Following 
several unsuccessful attempts to get Nist to even acknowledge receipt of the Foia request, the Center 
filed a lawsuit against Nist on May 28, 2009, upon which Nist began releasing videos and photographs 
that recorded the 9/11 disaster. The release was done in batches in digital format in the form of DVDs 
and external hard drives, which have now totaled circa 5 terabytes of data. Nist refused to release 
their entire collection of 9/11 videos and photographs due to what Nist claimed are objections by some 
copyright holders to Nist releasing their materials. A large set of videos released by Nist come from an 
external hard drive labeled "NIST WTC Investigation Cumulus Video Clips" and a digital folder named 
"NIST Cumulus Video", and so videos from this set are sometimes referred to as Nist Cumulus database 
videos, with the Nist filenames and locations within the database sometimes given. ("Cumulus" means 
heap or pile; in other words, a pile of videos. Oddly, the videos released by Nist are broken-up into small 
sequential segments, which makes them inconvenient to work with or to share with others without first 
recombining them, and which is not how they were originally recorded. There are other indicators of 
additional modifications of these files by Nist, as well.) If one desires these videos in their highest 



publicly-available quality, then see the aforementioned website. For the Cumulus set, see Ref. 311 

78 



dust generated from the disaster. This cannot be explained due to cleanup operations, 
because, (1) as mentioned above, the iron spheres are present in the dust from the 
collapsed buildings which had been collected even before cleanup operations began; 
and (2) even on a windy day the metal spheres generated from cutting metal with 
cutting torches wouldn't travel anywhere near as far as the dust that was generated 
from the collapse of the buildings (nor do such metal spheres produced from cutting 



torches match those generated in the WTC collapses 196 ). Detection of iron spheres in 
the dust found in Lower Manhattan and surrounding areas was even evaluated by the 
US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as a method to uniquely identify the dust 
from the 9/11 WTC collapse disaster 



197 



RJ Lee Group, Inc., a company specializing in chemical analysis (including that 
of environmental forensics) for industry and the US government, was contracted by 
Deutsche Bank to conduct environmental analysis on their Deutsche Bank Building, 
the skyscraper formerly at 130 Liberty Street across said street from WTC Tower 2, 
due to their insurers' claim that the WTC dust contamination of the building (which 



survived, with damage, the collapse of WTC Tower 2) was innocuous. In the RJ Lee 



Group's December 2003 report on the WTC dust signature, the report states thai 



199 



Various metals (most notably iron and lead) were melted during the WTC Event, 
producing spherical metallic particles. Exposure of phases to high heat results in 
the formation of spherical particles due to surface tension. Figure 21 and Figure 
22 show a spherical iron particle resulting from the melting of iron (or steel). 

Table 3 in the RJ Lee Group report gives a "Mean of Composition (%)" of the WTC dust 
collected inside the Deutsche Bank Building, with the amount of iron spheres consti- 
tuting 5.87% of the dusl| 200 j — a truly staggering amount of melted iron considering the 
massive volume of dust generated from the WTC collapses, necessitating a tremendous 
amount of extremely powerful incendiary. The melting point of iron is 1538 °C. Accord- 
ing to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (Fema), "An approximate melting 
point for steel is 1,400 °C (2,500 °F); however, the melting temperature for a particu- 



lar steel component varies with the steel alloy used.' According to Nist [310], "The 



melting point of steel is about 1,500 degrees Celsius (2,800 degrees Fahrenheit)." 



196t 



Ref. 230 Sec. 4.1: "Observations of iron-rich and silicate spherules", p. 4; and App.: "Provenance 



of dust samples analyzed in original work reported here", p. 10. 



197 



Ref. 



287 



p. 5: "Alternative signature components that were discussed include combinations of trace 
element s (e.g . antimony and chlorine), asbestos, PAHs, iron spheres, and others. 
198 Ref. 



199 



Ref. 



357 



356 



200 IbidTTir 



Sec. 6.0: "Basic Facts/Methodology", p. 4. 
Sec. 2.3.5: "Heat affected particulate and combustion products", p. 17. 
)le 3: "Statistical P- values for the comparison of TP-01 dust and dust in Background Build- 



ings", p. 24. 
201 Ref.|279| App. A, Sec. A.3.1.4: "Properties of Steel", p. 12. 



79 



The RJ Lee Group report goes on to state thai 



202 



The amount of energy introduced during the generation of the WTC Dust and 
the ensuing conflagration caused various components to vaporize. Vapor phase 
components with high boiling point and high melting point would have, as they 
cooled, tended to form precipitated particles or thin film deposits on available sur- 
faces through condensation mechanisms. The results of this process would be the 
presence of a thin layer of deposited material on the surfaces of the dust particu- 
late matter. Many of the materials, such as lead, cadmium, mercury and various 
organic compounds, vaporized and then condensed during the WTC Event. 

The particles and coatings have been detected by low accelerating voltage 
back-scattered electron imaging, X-ray microprobe analysis, and high resolution 
XPS. For example, lead peaks from the surface of mineral wool were identified by 
XPS. The high-resolution, narrow-range XPS scan (Figure 25) led to the identifi- 
cation of two lead peaks representing lead oxide or lead sulfate. The presence of 
lead oxides on the surface of mineral wool indicates the exposure of high temper- 
atures at which lead would have undergone vaporization, oxidation, and conden- 
sation on the surface of mineral wool. In addition to the trace amounts of lead, 
Table 2 indicates the presence of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, sodium, silicon, sulfur, 
chlorine and calcium on the surface of the mineral wool. 

The boiling point of lead, the temperature at which it readily vaporizes, is 1749 °C. 
In one of the US Geological Survey's (USGS) reports on the WTC dust, they include 



micrographs of two different "Iron-rich sphere [s]" [458], but no discussion is given by 
the USGS on these iron-rich spheres in their published reports. In 2008, Jones et al. 
revealed an additional micrograph taken by the USGS of the WTC dust demonstrat- 
ing extremely high temperatures, yet which had been previously unreported by the 
USGSP!] 



Two of the authors pursued a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) action with 
the USGS to obtain any additional SEM/XEDS data from them which had not 
been previously published. The new data demonstrated, significantly, that the 
USGS team had observed and studied a molybdenum-rich spherule which was 
not mentioned in the earlier reports. A micrograph image shows a bright pill- 
shaped spherule labeled "20MOSPH-1.TIF" (below). The brightness of the object 
suggests that backscattered electron imaging was used in acquiring the image 



202 Ref. 
203 Ref. 



356 



230 



Sec. 3.0: "Other WTC Dust Characteristics: Coatings", p. 21. 

Sec. 4.3: "Molybdenum spherule in the USGS data set", pp. 5-6. Note that a citation num- 
ber in the quoted passage has been modified for the sake of clarity; two citation indicators referencing 
the melting point of molybdenum have been omitted. 

80 



(the report notes that this technique was used in the study), and that indeed a 
heavier metal such as Mo [molybdenum] is present in the oblong spherule. (We 
see similar shapes; see SEM image below right and Fig. 1.) 

We discern that considerable study was performed on this Mo-rich spherule, 
given the number of images and XEDS plots for it, yet these data were not pre- 
viously released in the public USGS reports [J458J]. We emphasize these data be- 
cause of the extremely high melting temperature of molybdenum, and the ob- 
servation of this molybdenum-rich spherule. Molybdenum is a refractory metal 
known for its extremely high melting point. Mo melts at 2,623 °C (4,753 °F), al- 
though addition of other elements may lower the melting point. No explanation 
of the high temperature needed to form the observed Mo-rich spherule is given in 
the USGS material (either published or obtained by FOIA action). 

Moreover, the official FEMA-assigned scientists Profs. Jonathan Barnett, Ronald R. 
Biederman and Richard D. Sisson, Jr. bolster the evidence that thermate (i.e., thermite 
with sulfur added, which causes it to slice through steel even faster by forming a 



eutectic alloy with it, thereby lowering the temperature at which the steel melts ) 



was used to bring down the WTC towers. In Appendix C of Fema's official report on 
the collapse of the WTC buildings, the scientists write thai 



205 



Evidence of a severe high temperature corrosion attack on the steel [of Sample 1 
from WTC 7], including oxidation and sulfidation with subsequent intergranular 
melting, was readily visible in the near-surface microstructure. A liquid eutec- 
tic mixture containing primarily iron, oxygen, and sulfur formed during this hot 
corrosion attack on the steel 

In their summary for Sample 1, which they state is from WTC 7, the scientists list 
the below items: 

1. The thinning of the steel occurred by a high-temperture [sic] corrosion due 
to a combination of oxidation and sulfidation. 



204 Additional oxides can be added to thermite as well. The added sulfur and/or oxides can also gen- 
erate expanding gas, the volume of which can be controlled based upon the amount of sulfur and/or 
oxides added, and the type of oxides added. This can be used to, e.g., eject the thermite/thermate out 
of a suitable enclosure the length of which is open as a nozzle in order to direct the thermite/thermate 
across a concentrated line which can quickly cut through structural steel, yet without generating a sonic 



explosion. US patents [ 454- 456 1 have been granted for such devices. For a demonstration of this using 
thermat e, see the experiments conducted by Professional Engineer Jonathan H. Cole 
205 Ref. 



279 



App. C: "Limited Metallurgical Examination", pp. 1-2, 13; cf. Ch. 8: "Observations, Find- 



ings, and Recommendations", pp. 10-11. Cf. Refs. 10 51 52 387 

81 



2. Heating of the steel into a hot corrosive environment approaching 1,000 °C 
(1,800 °F) results in the formation of a eutectic mixture of iron, oxygen, and 
sulfur that liquefied the steel. 

3. The sulfidation attack of steel grain boundaries accelerated the corrosion 
and erosion of the steel. 

In their summary for Sample 2, which they state is from either WTC 1 or WTC 2, 
the scientists list the below items: 

1. The thinning of the steel occurred by high temperature corrosion due to a 
combination of oxidation and sulfidation. 

2. The sulfidation attack of steel grain boundaries accelerated the corrosion 
and erosion of the steel. 

3. The high concentration of sulfides in the grain boundaries of the corroded 
regions of the steel occured [sic] due to copper diffusing from the HSLA 
steel combining with iron and sulfur, making both discrete and continuous 
sulfides in the steel grain boundaries. 

The scientists go on to state in the Fema report that "The severe corrosion and sub- 
sequent erosion of Samples 1 and 2 are a very unusual event. No clear explanation for 
the source of the sulfur has been identified. The rate of corrosion is also unknown." 
Such corrosive melting with sulfidation and oxidation of the steel has no good expla- 
nation as the result of carbon-based fires, but these features are perfectly explained as 
the result of thermate. As physicist Prof. Emeritus Steven E. Jones pointed out based 
upon experiments he conducted with thermate. 



206 



When you put sulfur into thermite it makes the steel melt at a much lower temper- 
ature, so instead of melting at about 1538 °C it melts at approximately 988 C C, 
and you get sulfidation and oxidation in the attacked steel and you expect this 
type of pattern [i.e., the pattern of corrosion] . 

In the same article from which the above passage is taken, Jones provides a photo- 
graph of a steel cup in which thermate has been ignited, which shows the same-looking 
type of corrosive attack as that upon the WTC structural steel which the Fema scientists 



present photographs of and discuss in their report 207 Professional Engineer Jonathan 
H. Cole was also able to reproduce this corrosion on steel I-beams in his experiments 
with thermate [88]. 



206 Ref.|229|p. 75; cf. p. 74. 

207 Ibid., p. 74; and Ref. 279 App. C: "Limited Metallurgical Examination", pp. 1-13. 



82 



However, Nist ignored this report by Fema on the melted and sulndized/oxidized 
WTC steel, and stated in its own subsequent report — going upon a small selection of 
recovered WTC 1 and 2 steel which did not include the aforementioned samples that 
Fema analyzed in its rep orlp 5 ]— thai 2 



209 



Based on the pre-collapse photographic evidence, the microstructures of steels 
known to have been exposed to fire were characterized. These microstructures 
show no evidence of exposure to temperatures above 600 °C for any significant 
time for the recovered pieces. 

Nist was obviously aware of Appendix C of the Fema report, and thus also aware 
of the existence of melted WTC structural steel. Indeed, the New York Times called 



208 Ref. 308 Ch. 9, Sec. 9.3: "Findings— Inventory of Recovered Structural Steel", p. 129: 



National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has 236 samples from the World 
Trade Center (WTC) buildings, the majority belonging to WTC 1 and WTC 2. These sam- 
ples represent roughly 0.25 percent to 0.5 percent of the 200,000 tons of structural steel 
used in the construction of the two towers. 

Bizarrely Nist states in this report (ibid., p. 113) that "Unlike WTC 1 and WTC 2, no recovered steel in 
the NIST inventory can be unambiguously assigned to WTC 7. Therefore, properties of the steel were 
estimated completely from the literature." Almost all of the WTC steel that Nist obtained for its report 
was recovered from four different landfills in New Jersey (ibid., p. 28). The US House Committee on 
Science, Space and Technology reported [93, Vol. 1, p. 14] that 

In the month that lapsed between the terrorist attacks and the deployment of the BPAT 
team [Fema's Building Performance Assessment Team], a significant amount of steel 
debris — including most of the steel from the upper floors — was removed from the rubble 
pile, cut into smaller sections, and either melted at the recycling plant or shipped out 
of the U.S. Some of the critical pieces of steel — including the suspension trusses from 
the top of the towers and the internal support columns — were gone before the first BPAT 
team member ever reached the site. Fortunately, an NSF-funded [National Science Foun- 
dation] independent researcher, recognizing that valuable evidence was being destroyed, 
attempted to intervene with the City of New York to save the valuable artifacts, but the 
city was unwilling to suspend the recycling contract. Ultimately, the researcher appealed 
directly to the recycling plant, which agreed to provide the researcher, and ultimately the 
ASCE [American Society of Civil Engineers] team and the SEAoNY [Structural Engineers 
Association of New York] volunteers, access to the remaining steel and a storage area 
where they could temporarily store important artifacts for additional analysis. Despite 
this agreement, however, many pieces of steel still managed to escape inspection. 

The "NSF-funded independent researcher" referred to above is Prof. Abolhassan Astaneh-Asl (ibid., pp. 



97-109; Ref. 86), who Nist acknowledges in its report ]308| Ch. 5, Sec. 5.1: "The Recovery of World 
Trade C enter Structural Steel", p. 27]. 
209 Ref.|308[ Ch. 9: "Findings and Issues", Sec. 9.4.5: "Fire Exposure and Temperatures Reached by the 



Steel", p. 129. 

83 



this melted and sulfidized steel "Perhaps the deepest mystery uncovered in the in- 



vestigation" [157], referring to the Fema investigation. One might have thought that 



Nist would have been interested in addressing perhaps the deepest mystery of 9/11. 
But to acknowledge this steel in their official WTC reports would have put Nist in 
the awkward position of presenting evidence of the melting of steel that was not due 
to carbon-based fires. And so instead Nist deliberately chose to ignore this evidence 
which contradicts the theory they were pushing — a quintessential example of scientific 
fraud. 

Reference 13661 documents the connections between the individuals at the National 
Institute of Standards and Technology (Nist) responsible for investigating the collapse 
of the WTC buildings and the rarefied military-intensive field of superthermites. To 
date Nist has refused to examine the remains of the WTC for evidence of thermite or 
explosives, despite repeated requests for such an examination and despite such anal- 
ysis being advised in the National Fire Protection Association's (NFPA) guide for fire 
investigations when there is evidence of high-temperature accelerants (which Nist 
themselves present evidence of with the white-hot metal flame and the yellow-hot 
molten metal cascading off WTC 2, both of which the NFPA specifies as signs of exotic 
accelerants). 210 Reference 368 documents the deep ties to the military- industrial com- 
plex of those who controlled the security and access to the World Trade Center before 
and during the 9/11 attacks and the cleanup operations which followed. 

For more on the US government's mendacious, self-serving, anti-historical, anti- 
physical law, anti-factual, and provably false official fairy tale conspiracy theory con- 



cerning the 9/11 attacks, see References [5j |161 - 167 341 



Among the wars the US government started after the 9/11 attacks, around one 
million Iraqis have been killed due to the US invasion of Iraq. 211 Further, the US gov- 



210 



Ref. 



305 



Ch. 19: "Incendiary Fires", Sec. 19.2: "Incendiary Fire Indicators", Subsec. 19.2.4: "Exotic 
Accelerants". The NFPA is a private organization that works closely with fire departments in the United 
States as the principal body for creating fire-protection and fire-investigation standards in the US. Its 
guidelines aren't legally binding, but are widely regarded within the field as setting minimum standards 
for competent fire investigations. 
211 To date the principal study on the Iraqi death toll from the March 19, 2003 US invasion appeared 



in the Lancet in 2006 [ 76 ], which looked into the number of excess Iraqi deaths since the invasion to 



July 2006 and found the number to be 654,965 (95% CI: 392,979-942,636). Cf. Refs.|3"l|75J An earlier 
study by a number of the same researchers was published in the Lancet in 2004 [360 1 that covered a 
shorter period of time, from March 2003-September 2004. 

The Iraq Family Health Survey Study Group (IFHS) conducted a mortality investigation [2] under 
the auspices of the Iraqi government set up by the US. It specifically focused on Iraqi deaths due to 
violence, and estimated the number of violent deaths at 151,000 (95% uncertainty range: 104,000- 
223,000) from March 2003 through June 2006, which was lower than the 2006 Lancet paper. However, 



as a Baghdad central morgue statistics office employee stated in an interview conducted by NPR [ 147 



84 



ernment itself admits that since the 9/11 attacks it has been holding innocent people 
indefinitely without charges (including children and US citizens J4| |2Q2 269 ]), tortur- 
ing them Q214[ |278j |352[ |353[], r aping them [J72J |401| |415Q — including anally raping 
them — and murdering them [ 19 84 217], and that the orders to do so came from the 



highest levels of the US government [ 69 73 467 ] . 



As Republican US Senator Lindsey Graham said [72 401 ] to reporters on May 7, 



2004 concerning the pictures and videos of US military torture of Iraqis that the US 
government still refuses to release: "The American public needs to understand we're 



2:50-3:56 min:sec], the Iraqi government falsifies its official casualty statistics to be far lower than the 
actual numbers. Given the Iraqi government's antagonism to obtaining accurate casualty figures and its 



extensive human- rights violations [ 81 452J, it's understandable why there would be underreporting of 
deaths — particularly violent deaths — by interviewees to government-affiliated survey takers, which is a 
point made by Prof. Gulden [77, p. 433]. Further, Profs. Mills and Burkle point out (ibid., p. 432) that 

Using the crude mortality rates in the IFHS report, the actual excess mortality in Iraq 
between 2003 and 2006 was approximately 433,000 (95% confidence interval [CI], 
354,000 to 523,000). Indeed, absent from the IFHS report is an acknowledgment that 
the combined totals actually approach those of the 2006 study by Burnham et al. 

When these factors are taken into account, the IFHS's results are consistent with the 2006 Lancet paper. 
Opinion Research Business (ORB) in conjunction with the Independent Institute for Administration 
& Civil Society Studies (Iiacss) investigated the number of Iraqi deaths from violence since the 2003 
invasion up to August 2007 [321 ] and determined the number to be 1,220,580 (with a margin of error 
between 733,158-1,446,063). ORB and Iiacss later did additional survey work and arrived at the figure 



of 1,033,000 (with the estimated range between 946,000-1,120,000) in January 2008 [322]. (Included 



among ORB's clients are the UK Ministry of Defence, the United Nations [UN] , the International Re- 
publican Institute [IRI; a US government-funded organization], the British Broadcasting Corporation 
[BBC], the British Council, the Bank of Scotland, and Hill & Knowlton.) 

The Iraq Body Count (IBC) is a private-sector project that collects civilian Iraqi violent lethal-casualty 
reports, mainly from major news outlets and the Iraqi government. As of June 27, 2011, the number of 



such reported deaths is between 101,426-110,811 [ 212 ]. The range of error given by the IBC is due to 
incongruities of reporting for some entries in their database [ ]213[ Sec. 3.2: "Treatment of inconsisten- 
cies in reporting"] ; the maximum figure in the range does not represent the maximum number of actual 
fatal Iraqi civilian casualties due to violence. Because of this, the IBC can provide an absolute minimum 



bound which is known to be far lower than the actual lethal casualty numbers [ 384 1, but by itself it can 



otherwise say nothing about the actual death toll. Thus, the IBC's figures are quite consistent with the 
2006 Lancet paper. 

As of this writing, the IBC's figures show that excess deaths (i.e., deaths at a greater rate than pre- 
invasion levels) in Iraq are still occurring at a high rate, with roughly as many Iraqi civilians having 
been reported violently killed in the period from around June/July 2006 (the end-dates of the IFHS 
and 2006 Lancet studies, respectively) to May 31, 2011 as have been killed from the 2003 invasion to 
around June/July 2006. This fact, when combined with the death-rates established by the other studies, 
is the reason why I state that "around one million Iraqis have been killed due to the US invasion of Iraq", 
meaning deaths that would not have occurred, ceteris paribus, were it not for the invasion. 



85 



talking about rape and murder here. We're not just talking about giving people a 
humiliating experience. We're talking about rape and murder and some very serious 
charges." Concerning these same pictures and videos, Defense Secretary Donald Rums- 



feld said [132] on May 7, 2004 before the Senate Armed Services Committee (and he 



said nearly the same thing before the House Armed Services Committee on the same 



date [103]): 



First, beyond abuse of prisoners, there are other photos that depict incidents 
of physical violence toward prisoners, acts that can only be described as blatantly 
sadistic, cruel and inhuman. 

Second, there are many more photographs, and indeed some videos. Congress 
and the American people and the rest of the world need to know this. 

In addition, the photos give these incidents a vividness, indeed a horror, in the 
eyes of the world 

If these are released to the public, obviously it's going to make matters worse. 
That's just a fact. I mean, I looked at them last night, and they're hard to believe. 
And so beyond notice. That's just a fact. 

As US Major General Antonio M. Taguba, who was in charge of the US Army's 
investigation [415] into the Abu Ghraib torture scandal, stated Q194I ], 



At that point, Taguba recalled, "I described a naked detainee lying on the wet 
floor, handcuffed, with an interrogator shoving things up his rectum, and said, 
'That's not abuse. That's torture.' There was quiet." 

Taguba said that he saw "a video of a male American soldier in uniform sodom- 
izing a female detainee." The video was not made public in any of the subsequent 
court proceedings, nor has there been any public government mention of it 

Yet according to US military officers' statements to the International Committee 
of the Red Cross (the official wartime humanitarian body under the Geneva Conven- 
tions), almost all of the prisoners held by the US military are completely innocent 



,212 



Many say they were caught up in U.S. military sweeps, often interrogated around 
the clock, then released months or years later without apology, compensation or 
any word on why they were taken. Seventy to 90 percent of the Iraq detentions 
in 2003 were "mistakes," U.S. officers once told the international Red Cross. 



212 Ref.[346J cf. Ref.|ll6| The International Committee of the Red Cross report referred to is Ref. |209 



see esp. Sec. 1: "Treatment During Arrest", item No. 7. 



86 



The New World Order: Government's Attempt at Autoapotheosis: Ruling elites 
have long been attempting to take over the world, whether it be with the Greek king 
Alexander the Great, the Roman Empire, the Spanish Empire, the British Empire, and 
many other attempts besides. But it's only been with the rise of modern communi- 
cations and transport that their goal of true worldwide conquest has now become 
possible. 

The European royalty — who are all related to each othe]{_| — are the vertex of the 
globalist oligarchy. Currently the Bilderberg Group is the European royalty's main or- 
ganizational hub for coordinating their global-government agenda and the most pow- 
erful organization on Earth. Think-tanks such as the Royal Institute of International 
Affairs (renamed to Chatham House in 2004) and its sister organization the Coun- 
cil on Foreign Relations (both founded by members of the Round Table groups that 
Cecil Rhodes helped to establish), and the Trilateral Commission (founded by Bilder- 
berg members David Rockefeller and Zbigniew Brzezinski) are the Bilderberg Group's 
more public organizational branches which help to enact the agenda of the Bilderberg 
Group. Transnational governmental bodies such as the League of Nations, the United 
Nations, the World Bank Group, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Group 
of Eight (G8), and the World Trade Organization (WTO) were founded by members 
of Rhodes's Round Table groups, think-tanks established by the Round Table groups, 
and/or the Bilderberg Group. It was also members of the Round Table groups who cre- 
ated the modern state of Israel, which was made possible with the Balfour Declaration 
of 1917 and then the British Mandate for Palestine in 1922 



214 



213 There are detailed lines of succession of the major European royal houses which contain thousands 
of names of potential heirs to the thrones based upon heredity. All of the European royal houses with 
extant members feature on each of these lists. The most powerful royal house is the German dynasty 
of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, which in the United Kingdom was renamed to the House of 
Windsor by King George V by royal proclamation on July 17, 1917 due to anti-German public sentiment 
brought about by World War I. For a line of succession to the British throne listing 4973 different people, 



see Ref. 351 by genealogist William Reitwiesner. (For Reitwiesner's obituary in the Washington Post, see 
Ref.|388[) 

214 The goal of Cecil Rhodes, as set forth in his first will and testament of September 19, 1877, was 
the establishment of a secret society to work for the creation of a world ruled by the British Crown 



[289 Vol. 1, pp. 67-69]. (Interestingly, Rhodes made this will almost four months after he became a 
Freemason in the Oxford University chapter of the Ancient and Accepted Rite [called the Scottish Rite 
outside of the UK] on June 2, 1877 [ibid., p. 86].) Also to this end, in Rhodes's last will and testament 



he founded the Rhodes Scholarship at Oxford University [395 pp. 23-45]. With funding from Lord 



Nathaniel Mayer Rothschild (b. 1840-d. 1915; grandson of Freemason Nathan Mayer Rothschild [102], 



b. 1777-d. 1836), Rhodes was was able take over all the diamond mines in South Africa under Rhodes's 



company De Beers Consolidated Mines [343 p. 130] 



For histories on the Round Table groups and related aspects of the British establishment, see Prof. 



Quigley's books ]343| |344[ ] ■ See Prof. Sutton's books ]405H413[ | and Prof. Preparata's book | ]342[ ] on 

87 



the American establishment and their work with the British establishment in crucially assisting the rise 
of the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany. Among the most powerful of the Round Table groups in terms 
of the wealth of its membership is the Pilgrims Society which consists of two branches: the Pilgrims 
of Great Britain (founded in 1902), and the Pilgrims of the United States (founded in 1903). It is 
more secretive and less commonly-known than the Bilderberg Group. Its stated purpose is to foster 
amicable relations between Britain and the US. It appears to function as club for the highest members 
of the Anglo-American establishment to network among themselves and to attend various functions 
(including private royal events). Its membership lists — consisting almost exclusively of men — read as a 
Who's Who of the richest families in the Anglosphere. 

Another coterie of the British establishment closely connected with the Round Table groups is the 
socialist Fabian Society. The Fabian Society was founded in 1884 in London as an offshoot of a society 



founded in 1883 called the Fellowship of the New Life [ 129 et seqq.]. The Fabian Society founded a 
university the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), in 1895. (Now there is irony: 
a society predicated on economic fallacy establishing an economics university. Unfortunately this cruel 
joke is upon the common masses, with the ruling class laughing all the way to the bank. [Central bank, 
that is. Plank No. 5 of Marx and Engels's Manifesto of the Communist Party [ ]273| p. 33] is "Centraliza- 
tion of credit in the hands of the State, by means of a national bank with State capital and an exclusive 
monopoly."] Socialism is the biggest business ever devised, if one happens to be among the oligarchy.) 
In 1900 the Fabian Society was one of the organizations which formed the Labour Representation Com- 
mittee, which became the Labour Party in 1906. On the Fabian Society's escutcheon is a wolf in sheep's 
clothing as the standard-bearer wielding a Fabian Society flag (cf. Matthew 7:15 — apocryphally found 
in Aesop's Fables, Perry Index 451, with the first appearance written by rhetorician Nikephoros Basilakis 
in a circa AD 1180 work entitled Progymnasmata [464, Myth 4, p. 427; see also pp. 421-422]). Some 
early Fabian Society members included Annie Besant, Bertrand Russell (1950 Nobel Prize in Literature), 
George Bernard Shaw (1925 Nobel Prize in Literature), and Leonard and Virginia Woolf. Recent Fabian 
Society members include former Prime Ministers Tony Blair and Gordon Brown. Shaw, one of the four 
Fabian cofounders of the LSE, defended the autocratic methods of Stalin, Hitler and Mussolini while 
differing with Hitler on some of his policies [314]. A eugenicist, Shaw had since 1910 repeatedly ad- 



vocated the mass-extermination of those he deemed unfit to live [100 379, "Preface" to On the Rocks; 



380 381 389 20:32-21:12 min:sec]. For the apologia of the New World Order international govern- 



ment by H. G. Wells, who was a member of the Fabian Society for a period of time (from 1903-1908), 



see his nonfiction political books on this [472-474]. In Anticipations [472], Wells desiderates a world 



socialist state ruled by a self-appointed white elite, where non-whites will be eliminated (p. 342). (For 



more on the topic of eugenics, see footnote 231 on p. 97 ) 

Fabian socialist Annie Besant was a personal disciple of Helena Blavatsky and in 1907 Besant became 
the President of the Theosophical Society, which Blavatsky founded in 1875. Together they coedited 
Blavatsky's magazine Lucifer. Blavatsky, known as the mother of the New Age movement, was an hon- 
orary 32° Freemason in the Ancient and Accepted Primitive Rite of England and Wales under the Grand 



Orient de France [61 p. 281; 60 pp. 128-131]. The political aspect of Blavatsky's religious doctrine 
of Theosophy is socialism [59 p. 79], and Blavatsky wrote that "Holy Satan" is the only god of this 
planet [J58J Vol. 2, p. 234; cf. ibid., id., pp. 233-235 and 513; 2 Corinthians 4:3,4]. The concept of the 
Aryan race in the form with which Adolf Hitler was obsessed is an occult doctrine that has its roots in 
Blavatsky's writings [393], and the emblem Blavatsky created for her Theosophical Society features a 
swastika. For promotion of the New World Order in the context of New Age religion by Alice Bailey, 
a Theosophist highly influential upon the New Age movement and cofounder with her husband Foster 



88 



Bailey in 1922 of Lucifer Publishing Company (later renamed to Lucis Publishing Company), see Ref.[9l 
wherein she also predicts the collapse of the global economy in order to usher in the world state (p. 
327) . Though that's hardly clairvoyance or perspicacity on her part when she's part of the establishment 
conspiracy which has the plan for that and the means to make it happen. 

On the matter of the New Age, the official journal of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of 
Freemasonry of the Southern Jurisdiction of the US previously went by the name of The New Age 
Magazine from its inaugural issue of June 1904, with its name changed to the Scottish Rite Journal in 
the January 1990 issue. 

Interestingly, infamous occultist Aleister Crowley, who styled himself "the Beast 666", was a long- 
standing British intelligence agent, and may have played a role in the sinking of the RMS Lusitania as a 
double agent/ agent provocateur by feeding information to German intelligence regarding the transport 



of weapons aboard the ship, upon which he came to New York in October 1914 [391 392 1 . Crowley, a 
Freemason in the Grande Loge de France, was a member of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, 
which was founded by three Freemasons. In 1912 Crowley became the leader of the Ordo Templi Ori- 
entis (OTO), a position he held until his death in 1947. Gerald Gardner, referred to as the father of 
Wicca, was a member of the OTO, having been inducted by Crowley. Modern witchcraft in the form of 
Wicca has particularly caught the interest of the entertainment industry, with many positive fictional 
portrayals of it found in movies, television series and novels from the mid-1990s onward. 

L. Ron Hubbard, the founder of Scientology and a former US Navy Lieutenant in the Office of Naval 
Intelligence, was deeply involved in the occult with Jack Parsons (cofounder of Nasa's Jet Propulsion 
Laboratory) during their Crowley-inspired "Babalon Working" in 1946, an attempt to manifest the era of 
the Whore of Babylon prophesied in Revelation 17:3-6 [J295 404[]. Hubbard later claimed to be Lucifer 



and the fulfillment of the Biblical prophecies of the Antichrist (Ref. |201| see also the interview with his 



first child in Ref. 3361. Hubbard and his second wife Sara Northrup were members of Crowley's OTO 
along with Parsons, whom Sara was in a relationship with previous to Hubbard (Parsons had likewise 
declared himself the Antichrist, and was hand-picked by Crowley to be his successor in the OTO). As 
with all occult societies, there are degrees of initiation in Scientology in order for one to obtain greater 
levels of alleged "truth", with the higher levels of said "truth" kept secret from the lower initiates. 

While the United States government could withstand a frontal assault from the world's most powerful 
empire (though the colonies gained their independence under the Articles of Confederation), it was 
defenseless against takeover from within. For how said takeover occurred, see Prof. Sutton's books 
[ ]405f|413fl in addition to the books on this by Dr. North [ ]317| 1, Prof. DiLorenzo [ ]112[ ] and Prof. Kolko 



[238 



239]. See also the writings of the Anti-Federalists [400], who opposed the US Constitution due 



to its creation of a powerful central government. The Bill of Rights wasn't meant to be a part of the 
Constitution by the Constitution's supporters, but was only added to appease the Anti-Federalists. 

For how the ruling elite use blackmail to control politicians, business leaders, prosecutors, judges, 
military and police officials, media personalities, and others in important control-sectors of society, see 



Refs.i71 101 283 Those who the establishment promote tend strongly to be those who have already 
been compromised to one extent or another, thus making them controllable due to the dirt held on 
them and even the criminal charges that can be brought against them. This technique can include the 
surreptitious drugging of individuals (with the use of muscarinic acetylcholine receptor antagonists, 
such as scopolamine, being among the most insidious methods) in order to get them to engage in 
behavior they otherwise wouldn't have and recording it, such as was done in Operation Midnight Climax 



[ 421 457], part of the CIA's Project MKUltra mind-control program. 



89 



The Bilderberg Group was founded in part by Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands, 
a member of the German royal House of Lippe, in 1952. The group's name is from the 
Hotel de Bilderberg in Oosterbeek, Netherlands where the group's first plenary confer- 
ence was held May 29-31, 1954. Prince Bernhard was a member of Adolf Hitler's Nazi 
Schutzstaffel (SS) before World War II, and had joined the Sturmabteilung (SA; the 
Brownshirts) and the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP; the Nazi 
Party) even before the Nazis had come into power. In addition to Prince Bernhard, 
Bilderberg Group members and attendees to the conferences include Queen Beatrix 
of the Netherlands (daughter of Prince Bernhard), Prince Philip (husband of Queen 
Elizabeth II), Prince Charles, King Juan Carlos I of Spain, and a number of other 
high-ranking European royalty; members of banking families, such as the Rothschilds; 
US presidents, governors, Federal Reserve chairmen, and other high-level government 
officials; military leaders; prime minsters; heads of major media outlets; leading bil- 
lionaire businessmen; etc. 

The Bilderberg Group meets in a different first-class hotel every year in Europe, the 
US, Canada, or Turkey. The entire hotel grounds are rented and security is provided 
by various countries' police, militaries and secret services (including the US Secret 
Service). Besides the staff, the security and the invited attendees, no one else is allowed 
on the grounds, and the proceedings are kept secret. 

Despite around 130 of the world's richest and most powerful people meeting every 



year at the Bilderberg conference, the major media rarely report on it 215 Traditionally, 
before the rise of the internet, the corporate media virtually never reported on the 
Bilderberg meetings. In some recent years, such as the 2008 Bilderberg Group con- 
ference held at the Westfields Marriott in Chantilly Virginia, not even a single major 
media report has been published on the conference. This gives a flavor of the level of 
control the Bilderberg Group exercises over the major media, which isn't surprising 
since numerous heads of major media outlets are members of the group. 



A BBC Radio Four report in 2003 [99] revealed, based on uncovered archived 



Bilderberg documents, that the European Union and the euro European Union single- 
currency were both among the goals of the Bilderberg Group since its first plenary 
meeting in 1954. 

Families such as the Rothschilds are a servant caste to the royalty, with titles of 
nobility that reflect their rank. For example, the Rothschilds have ranks of barons, but 
certainly not of princes, kings or queens. And a banker is a servant of another, whereas 
the only function of a monarch is to rule. This arrangement of a caste of Jewish func- 
tionaries being in service to non- Jewish royalty goes back to the Babylonian Exile, 
and continued with the Jewish diaspora in Alexandria during the Hellenistic period, 



'Some past reports include Refs. 99 192 234 394 

90 



and with the Roman province of Judaea. 216 Although the current head Rothschilds are 



Jewish by ancestry only, not by religion or culture: as given the pagan, neo-Egyptian 



occult symbolism of the Israeli Supreme Court building built by the Rothschilds. 217 
the Rothschilds obviously hold Jewish religion and culture in contemptuous mockery. 
These Rothschilds' religion is the same as the rest of the globalist oligarchy, which is a 
form of pagan occult mystery religion, i.e., Freemasonry as practiced by those called 
the "Adepts, the Princes of Masonry" by Scottish Rite Sovereign Grand Commander 



Albert Pike, 218 and those the Freemasonic author Manly Palmer Hall termed the "in- 



216 0r if one takes the Biblical account of Exodus as reliable history, then this arrangement goes back 
even far ther to ancient Egypt. For a history on these matters, see Ref. 156 



217 



Ref. 



315 



Dorothy's husband James Armand de Rothschild was a grandson of 33° Freemason James 



Mayer de Rothschild [102|, who founded the Paris branch of the Rothschild banking family. James 
Mayer's brother, Nathan Mayer Rothschild (b. 1777-d. 1836), founded the London branch and was also 
a Freemason (ibid.). 
218 Ref. |339| p. 819; cf. pp. 104-105. Confederate Brigadier General Pike (b. 1809-d. 1891) was a 



33° Freemason and the Sovereign Grand Commander of the Supreme Council for the Scottish Rite in 
the Southern Jurisdiction of the US. He is the only Confederate military figure to be honored with an 
outdoor statue in Washington, DC (it is located in Judiciary Square). Pike's remains are in his tomb 
inside the House of the Temple in Washington, DC, 13 blocks directly north of the White House, and 
which is the headquarters of the US Southern Jurisdiction of the Scottish Rite. Morals and Dogma, his 
magnum opus, is regarded by Freemasons as one of Masonry's greatest texts. 

According to Pike (op. cit., p. 213; cf. pp. 321, 734), "Every Masonic Lodge is a temple of religion; and 
its teachings are instruction in religion." All governments are founded upon the secret society model, 
with various levels of initiation (i.e., rank and security clearance) in order to obtain the supposed "truth" 
(i.e., state secrets) that is too dangerous for the great unwashed masses to receive. Thus, occultism is 
the natural religious complement to government, particularly since it provides the ritual, pomp and 
circumstance, elitism, hierarchy, mystery, and legendary profundity that government leaders and their 
lacqueys so often crave — as well as providing another mechanism of control over people which such 
leaders find advantageous. With the prominent and extensive Freemasonic religious iconography, ar- 
chitecture and influence upon the Western governments — including modern Israel — it is manifestly the 
esoteric state religion of these governments. 

In the same manner that most people are impressed to one degree or another by the pomp and 
circumstance of the state — its faux profundity — real power is actually obtained by such occult rituals 
and symbols, i.e., by means of psychological tricks. In the case of the occult symbols put out in public 
view, but of which the masses are largely oblivious to, an elite occult society can impress upon its 
initiates its awesome power and hence destiny-ordained agenda when those symbols are pointed out 
to them and their esoteric meanings revealed (or rather, the meanings suitable for a given level of 
initiation). With the passing of time, these symbols can confer more power, as people often tend to 
regard that which is older as being profounder, particularly in the context of esoterica. 



91 



ner brotherhood of the elect", 219 who both Pike and Hall contrast with the mass of 



220 



Freemasons, who Pike states are "intentionally misled" 

David Ben-Gurion, the first Prime Minister of Israel, stated in a 1962 article for Look 
magazine that this court in Jerusalem would become "the Supreme Court of Mankind" 



[44]. Ben-Gurion in this prediction also erroneously cited Isaiah's End Time prophecies 
as foretelling a benevolent world government set up by mortal humans. What Isaiah 
actually prophesied (as with a number of other Old Testament prophets, along with the 
New Testament) was that all the rulers on the Earth would be deposed and punished 
by God during the End Time (see Isaiah 24:21,22). The "government" prophesied 
in Isaiah 9:6,7 isn't set up by mortal humans, but instead by the immortal Messiah: 
literally God in the flesh in His Sonship aspect (see Isaiah 9:6). This "government" will 
be the functional and operational opposite of any mortal, Earthbound government that 
has ever existed, in that people will be self-rulers and the society of Heaven on Earth 
will abide by the Golden Rule. Which is to say, the "government" that Isaiah prophesies 
to be established by God the Son won't actually be a government in the usual sense 
of the word, of which can only exist via the continual initiation of violence and threat 
thereof (such as using violence to compel people to pay taxes and to gain a coercive 



221 



regional monopoly by excluding competitors) 

The elitist religious occult design of the Israeli Supreme Court building (such as the 
building's centerpiece of the Egyptian-styled pyramid with the All-Seeing Eye of Horus, 
and the Egyptian-style obelisk next to the edifice) is an utterly disdainful mockery of 
the common mass of Jews. After all, the Torah gives the account of the Exodus (Yetsi'at 
Mitzrayim) of the Jews out of Egypt, from whence they were slaves to pagan royalty 
(which forms the basis of the Jewish holiday of Passover) . 

The Egyptian pyramid is the ultimate symbol for total government, since the pyra- 
mids were made to worship pagan royalty as gods on Earth by untold thousands of 
indoctrinated serfs laboring their entire lives in total servitude to the ruler and his 



government [478]. As well, the Freemasonic pyramid has the All-Seeing Eye of Horus 
in its capstone, representing the surveillance and desired omniscience by the govern- 
ment over every aspect of the masses' lives. Taking on the ultimate symbol of slavery 
(of body, mind and soul) to, and inculcated worship of, royalty is an utterly bizarre 



219 



Ref. 



17l[ p. 433. Hall was a 33° Freemason in the Scottish Rite and a writer on the occult highly 
regarde d wit hin Freemasonry. 
220 Ref. 



339 



p. 819. 

221 For an analysis of these matters, see my article which addresses this [349]; regarding the Biblical 
End Time prophesies, particularly see ibid., Sec. 20: "Jesus Will Overthrow All the Governments of the 
World and Punish All the Rulers in the Time of His Judgement (i.e., His Second Coming)". 



92 



affair for any government which maintains the slightest pretense of the country it rules 
over being "free". 

It is sometimes claimed that the All-Seeing Eye which a number of Western gov- 
ernments make so much use of represents the Eye of Providence, i.e., a figurative eye 



of God 222 This claim is usually asserted to imply that what this symbol represents is 
the God of Christianity and of Hebrew Bible (Tanakh) Judaism. (Ergo, no need for 
hoi polloi to get upset that their governments are using such bizarre religious symbol- 
ism.) However, this cannot be the case, as this symbol is typically used along with the 
Egyptian-styled pyramid, and its synonymity with the All-Seeing Eye of Horus is some- 



times made explicit. 223 Putting a symbolic eye of God on an Egyptian-styled pyramid 
is blasphemy from the Christian and Judaic point of view, since the Egyptian pyramids 
were created to worship pagan royalty as gods. The ancient Jews were so repulsed 
by the Egyptian pyramids and what they represent that they didn't deign to mention 
them even once in the Hebrew Bible. Indeed, neither are the pyramids mentioned in 
the New Testament. 



222 For example, see the official June 20, 1782 report on the Great Seal of the United States written by 
Charles Thomson (which he adapted from a report by William Barton) in Ref. 204, pp. 338-340, which 
contains the edited text of the Papers of the Continental Congress, No. 23, folios 113-115, and digital 



104 



203 



images of the originals are available at Ref. 94. See also Ref. 263, p. 147, and Refs. 

223 Such as on the cover of Aleister Crowley's biannual Argenteum Astrum journal The Equinox, Vol. 1, 
No. 1 (March 21, 1909), which features, inside an illuminated equilateral triangle, the right-hand Eye 
of Horus with the distinctive lines under the eye as found in the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs (i.e., 
the wedjat). (Argenteum Astrum [Latin for "Silver Star"] was the occult order that Crowley founded 
in 1907 after he left the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn.) The Eye of Providence is occasionally 
found in or on Christian churches and in Christian artwork, usually within an illuminated triangle 
(often an isosceles triangle) that seemingly represents the Trinity, such as on the Aachen Cathedral in 
Aachen, Germany in a restoration plaque dated MDCCLXVI (1766) — but not upon an Egyptian-styled 
pyramid when it comes to nominal Christian usage. Although the Eye of Providence isn't a traditional 
or common Christian symbol — nor is it itself specifically Christian in its iconography — and interestingly, 
the churches which feature it are often royal churches (Chapels Royal) . 



Freemason John Rutledge [ 359 480 1 was on the third committee assigned to formulate the Great 
Seal of the United States. It is this committee which actually designed the reverse of the Great Seal, 
featuring the Egyptian-styled pyramid with the All-Seeing Eye. The design of the pyramid comes from a 
1778 fifty-dollar Continental currency note designed by Francis Hopkinson, the son of Thomas Hopkin- 
son, a Freemason who was the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, and Francis himself 



might have been a Freemason [ 102 1 . The All-Seeing Eye was a feature from the first committee's design 
of the Great Seal, of which committee Freemason Benjamin Franklin was on. The reverse of the Great 
Seal was seldom used until President and Freemason Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered it put on the back 
of the 1935 one-dollar bill. 



93 



There exists elaborate misinformation promulgated about the Rothschilds assisting 



Johann Adam Weishaupl 224 in founding the Bavarian Illuminati (the Perfectibilists) on 
May 1, 1776; the Illuminati taking over the Freemasonic lodges; and the Rothschilds 
effectively deposing the European royalty by indebting them via Nathan Mayer Roth- 
schild (later to become a Baron) knowing ahead of other investors the outcome of the 
Battle of Waterloo on June 18, 1815 between Napoleon Bonaparte's forces and the 
combined forces of Gebhard von Blucher and the Duke of Wellington. A lot of this mis- 
information is regurgitated by well-meaning people, but it's simply serving to muddy 
the waters. 

There is no mechanism by which the Rothschilds could have conducted a covert 
coup d'etat against the royalty. The European royalty have ancient generational expe- 
rience in clandestine statecraft and highly-trained military spies (effective Praetorian 
Guards) sworn to die if need be to uphold royal power. The Freemasonic lodges were 
already occult, pagan, elitist and power-hungry and hence didn't become so from any 
Illuminati influence. As well, one needn't imagine a rapacious beast in the form of 
Adam Weishaupt when the history of royalty is so often the history of power-mad, 
mass-murdering, serial-killer psychopaths attempting to take over the world. 

There does exist a class of people whose entire raison d'etre is to rule. There ex- 
ists actually only one such class of people. Those people are called royalty. They have 
been raised since birth with all the lessons that history (including history sub rosa) 
can provide in order to accomplish their task — the task they had been born for: subju- 
gating populations. They have an unbroken chain of inherited knowledge going back 
thousands of years regarding methodologies of rulership. 

The chain analogy is apropos because even though each empire or government 
dies, a portion of its intellectuals are reabsorbed into the conquering government, or 
into another government in the case of simple decay from within — since in that case, 
the intellectuals seek out greener pastures, i.e., other governments that will find their 



services of value. 225 Each link in the chain is different and separate, yet the chain itself 
is unbroken. 

The people who are in possession of this ancient knowledge of how to control 
people are the leading members of the royalty, as they have been raised in this knowl- 
edge since birth. Businessmen don't get raised in this knowledge, for they often come 
from the underclass; bankers don't get raised in this knowledge, for they, too, often 



*On Weishaupt's goals, see the letter by Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, Bishop of the Episcopal 



Church in Virginia, on January 31, 1800 [ 141 pp. 108-110]. 

225 The court intellectuals rarely transmit their knowledge of statecraft within their own hereditary 
line, but rather come into the knowledge of statecraft — and, as the case may be, improve on it — as 
servants of the royal court. 



94 



come from the underclass, and are at any rate just a servant of another — including the 
Rothschilds; yet royalty do, for they are raised from birth as the overclass. 

The Freemasons' mythology maintains that their guild goes back to the ancient 
Egyptians. The reality is that Freemasonry has only been traced back to circa the 14th 
century. But they are correct in a sense, in that the European royalty have been closely 
connected with the Freemasons and have highly influenced the society, with many 
kings who have been members. The European royalty do actually go back to the an- 
cient Egyptians in the sense of distantly transmitted knowledge of the methodology of 
rulership. And the Egyptian pyramids, after all, were made to worship royalty. With 
their relish of pretentious grandiosity and self-glorification, it's befitting that the Eu- 
ropean royalty would want to legendarily trace their origins to the ancient Egyptian 
royalty. 

The arrangement of Jewish banking families in service to the European royalty 



goes back to the Middle Ages, founded on misused Bible passages. Non-Jews were 



prohibited from lending with interest in Europe due to the intentional misapplication 



of Yeshua Ha'Mashiach's words as recorded in Luke 6:34,35 : 227 



"And if you lend to those from whom you hope to receive back, what credit is that 
to you? For even sinners lend to sinners to receive as much back. But love your 
enemies, do good, and lend, hoping for nothing in return; and your reward will 
be great, and you will be sons of the Most High. For He is kind to the unthankful 
and evil." 

Of course, nowhere does Jesus so much as even suggest that there ought to be a 
law against the practice of lending with interest, and indeed that would totally violate 
Jesus's above point, since Jesus is speaking about a voluntary spirit of forgiveness. 
Moreover, Jesus mentioned nothing about interest in the above, but rather was speak- 
ing of actual forgiveness of debt. 

Whereas Jews were allowed to lend with interest in Europe based upon Old Testa- 



228 



ment passages allowing Jews to lend to non-Jews (viz., Deuteronomy 15:6; 28:12). 
Monarchs liked this arrangement because, being that it restricted the profession of 
banking to a small minority instead of the entire populace, it allowed them to keep 
tabs much easier on who had what and where it was going, which came in handy 



for taxation and general surveillance purposes Further, also due to that minority 



226 



See the section "Medieval Doctrine", pp. 390-391, of the entry "Usury", WebCite: 63PaDZNtF 



<http://goo.gl/vuwKu>, in Ref. 218 Vol. 12, pp. 388-391. 
227 New King James Version. 



156 



for additional history on this. 



228 See Ref. 

229 For an example of this surveillance, see the Domesday Book, which is the compilation of the tax 
survey ordered by William the Conqueror in 1085 and completed in 1086. 

95 



exemption, it allowed the kings to much more easily expropriate the bankers' wealth 
when such kings found it to their convenience to do so. Indeed, royalty liked this 
arrangement so much that these ersatz "Christian" monarchs prohibited Jews from 
converting to Christianity unless reimbursed for every Jew converted. 



230 



The fact that the unjust institution of royalty goes virtually publicly unchallenged 
in the West is demonstration enough of the astonishing level of control they wield 
over the minds of the public. With all the staff, the military security, the manicured 
sprawling estates, the castles and the palaces, Bill Gates is a pauper in comparison 
to Queen Elizabeth II. Yet the biggest welfare-queen on the planet gets a free pass 
from the corporate media pundits. Modern-day collectivists (typically called by the 
misnomers of "liberal" and "leftist") would never accept the idea that a businessman 
who lived this lavishly at public expense and who was doted on so obeisantly by the 
government had no power. Yet so thorough has the inculcation against the obvious 
been that the most blatant of facts are the hardest to grasp. Hidden in plain sight: 
The most gaudy displays of wealth, all of it stolen. The most ostentatious displays of 
megalomaniacal self-worship: the currencies with the images of living monarchs on 
them, the showy parades in their own honor, the pomp and circumstance. Yet we are 
given to believe that the European royalty are just impotent figureheads who wield 
no power. We are supposed to think of them as merely a tourist amusement-park 
attraction. Yet their establishment and central role in the Bilderberg Group makes this 
idea untenable: they are not impotent figureheads, but instead are at the forefront of 
shaping current ongoing history. 



The great tyrannies of the 20th century were first and foremost an attempt to abol- 
ish Christianity. The reason for this governmental antagonism against Christianity is 
the same reason this temperament is so prevalent in current academia. Both academia 
and the corporate media in our present day are grafted to the hip of the state, and 
the natural tendency of the state is to tolerate no God before it. For the inherent in- 
clination of the state is to aggrandize all allegiance to itself — even to the extent of 
seeking the abolition of the family (which Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels set as one 



of the Communist goals in their Manifesto of the Communist Party 231 ): as the natu- 

of this article. 



226 



on p. 



95 



230 See the citation in footnote 

J31 Ref. 273 p. 29. Marx and Engels's goal to abolish the family was previously stated in their work 



The German Ideology | ]272 |, Vol. 1, Part 1: "Feuerbach", Sec. A: "Idealism and Materialism", 1st note. In 
one of his notebooks, Marx blamed the institution of the family as being the origin of slavery, serfdom, 
and the class struggle [126, p. 71; |240| p. 120]. Although in his poetry Marx ultimately blamed his 
misanthropy on God, and in a number of those poems cast his protagonists as hellhound Faustian 



96 



ral tendency of people is to owe a higher allegiance to their own family than to the 
state, which for the state is among the ultimate heresies. The rise of Christianity in 
the West somewhat shifted this fulcrum of power, so that the state rulers could no 
longer proclaim themselves gods. The old order was not completely thrown off, but 
this shift was enough to enable voluntary society to gain a foothold. This liberalization 
in thought and action brought about by Christianity is the great turning-point in his- 
tory which allowed the rise of free inquiry enough to lead to the Scientific Revolution, 
its inception dated to the publication of devout Catholic cleric Nicolaus Copernicus's 



232 



De revolutionibus orbium coelestium in 1543 J; 

Thus the love affair by academia and the corporate media with collectivist ideolo- 
gies, beginning in a major way in the 19th century. If the state hadn't loved Marx, 
almost no one would even know his name today. As contrast his ideology's popularity 
with governments and their sycophants with that of the liberal thinkers of the 19th 
century, including the French liberals of the 19th century whom Marx admits in his 
writings is where he obtained his class-conflict theory from: the original being the state 
against voluntary society — of which he butchered, making it into a struggle of volun- 



tary actors in society against each other, with the state as the Savior All of these 



great 19th century liberal thinkers are virtually unknown today. The state loves Marx 



bargainers who would lead mankind to destruction in hell and by so doing topple God [362 pp. 169- 
171, or pp. 280-283 of the republication]. For the role that militant anti-Christianity plays in Marxian 
thought, see Ref. 1 . 

The genocidal goals of Bernard Shaw and H. G. Wells along with the eugenics movement which 



they were a part (mentioned in footnote 214 on p. 881 is an objective found in Marx and Engels's 
own writings. In the Neue Rheinische Zeitung, a newspaper published by Marx, Engels wrote | ]125[ ] 
that "All the other large and small tribes and peoples [making up the Austrian Empire, other than 
the Germans, Poles, and Hungarians] have as the first mission to perish in the revolutionary world 
storm." (My translation.) Engels goes on to state that the Gaels, Bretons, Basques, and South Slavs 
are "Volkerabfalle" (human trash). (For additional writings by Marx and Engels along the foregoing 
lines, see Ref. 466 ) Hitler's eugenics program was inspired and bankrolled by those set up in the 
United States, which in turn were an outgrowth of the British eugenics movement [56]. The only 
reason Britain itself was spared the forced-sterilization laws put in place in most states of the US and in 
many European countries was due to the efforts of G. K. Chesterton in combatting them [390]. These 
genocidal desiderata continue at the highest levels of the so-called environmental and population- 
control movements, such as found in the writings of John E Holdren (Director of the US Office of Science 
and Technology Policy) [|119[ pp. 786-788, 837-838, 917, 942-943] and Prince Philip (a president of 



the World Wildlife Fund [WWF], of which Prince Bernhard was the founding president) [ 98 1 . 
232 This work itself being the outcome of Christian academic endeavors going back to early Christianity. 



See footnote 



72 



on p. 



33 



As Marx wrote in a 



etter dated March 5, 1852 to Joseph Weydemeyer [271 Vol. 39, p. 58], the 



first promoter of Marxism in the United States: 



97 



because Marx's Communism is the ultimate aggrandizement of the state: in which 
"The State is the march of God in the world", to use Georg Hegel's expression. 



234 



And so modern society being basted in collectivist and antitheist ideologies is sim- 
ply nothing more than the state striking back at Christianity, attempting to regain the 
ground it lost. Although atheism isn't the state's ultimate goal, for the state desires that 
society worship it as God. But Christianity must be torn down before that can occur. 

Indeed, the Nazi Master Plan was in part the abolition of Christianity and the 
formation of a state religion that was to be a type of pagan New Age religion, 
as the recently released (and previously classified) Nuremberg documents on this 



matter demonstrate [|89| |95| |246| |270| |319| |385fl . The occult Thule Society (Thule- 
Gesellschaft) sponsored the German Workers' Party (Deutsche Arbeiterpartei) , which 
was later transformed by Adolf Hitler into the Nazi Party (i.e., the National Socialist 
German Workers' Party) . 



8.2.2 The Mark of the Beast 

The US government has publicized its desire to have people implanted with a "brain 
chip" that will have the capability to track and trace the implantees' every move and 
transaction while also allowing behavior modification. According to a section entitled 



For instance they [Marx's critics] should study the historical works of [Augustin] 
Thierry [Francois] Guizot, John Wade and so forth, in order to enlighten themselves 
as to the past 'history of the classes' 

Now as for myself, I do not claim to have discovered either the existence of classes 
in modern society or the struggle between them. Long before me, bourgeois historians 
had described the historical development of this struggle between the classes, as had 
bourgeois economists their economic anatomy. 

In a July 27, 1854 letter to Engels p.7l\ Vol. 39, p. 472], Marx calls Thierry "le pere [the father] of 
the 'class struggle' in French historiography". Vladimir Lenin also recognized the liberals as having 



originated the class-conflict theory [254 p. 30]: "The theory of the class struggle was nor created by 



Marx, but by the bourgeoisie before Marx and is, generally speaking, acceptable to the bourgeoisie." 
(Italics in the original.) Although as Prof. Raico notes, "The last part of Lenin's statement, however, is 
problematical." From p. 193 of Ralph Raico, Ch. 5: "Classical Liberal Roots of the Marxist Doctrine of 



Classes", in Ref. 266, pp. 189-220. Also see Ref. 199 



The class-conflict theory (i.e., the authentic, original version of it unbutchered by Marx) was preached 
by Jesus Christ (see Mark 10:42-45; Matthew 20:25-28; Luke 22:25,26— cf. Luke 4:5-8; Matthew 
4:8-10; John 12:31; 14:30; 16:8-11; Revelation 13:2; 19:19-21) and Paul (see 1 Corinthians 2:6-8; 
15:23,24 — cf. 2 Corinthians 4:3,4; Ephesians 6:12), and can also be found in the Old Testament in the 
form of prophetically-imparted statements by God (see Psalm 110; Isaiah 24:21,22; Ezekiel 34:1-10; 
Hosea 8:4; Zechariah 10:3). For a thoroughgoing analysis of this issue, see Ref. [349] 
234 Ref. 193 p. 247; and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, translated by J[acob]. Loewenberg, "The 



Philosophy of Law (1832)" [143 p. 73]. See also Ref. 362 pp. 135-136, or p. 237 of the republication. 



98 



dollar report Air Force 2025 [302 312 316]: 



"Ethical and Public Relations Issues' in the US Department of Defense's million- 



Implanting "things" in people raises ethical and public relations issues. While 
these concerns may be founded on today's thinking, in 2025 they may not be 
as alarming. We already are evolving toward technology implanting. For exam- 
ple, the military currently requires its members to receive mandatory injections 
of biological organisms (i.e., the flu shot). In the civilian world, people receive 
mechanical hearts and other organs. Society has come to accept most of these im- 
plants as a fact of life. By 2025 it is possible medical technology will have nerve 
chips that allow amputees to control artificial limbs or eye chips that allow the 
blind to see. The civilian populace will likely accept an implanted microscopic 
chips [sic] that allow military members to defend vital national interests. Further, 
the US military will continue to be a volunteer force that will freely accept the 
chip because it is a tool to control technology and not as a tool to control the 
human. 

Air Force 2025 is the final report on a year-long study conducted by the US Depart- 



ment of Defense and presented on June 17, 1996, of which 236 



is a study designed to comply with a directive from the chief of staff of the Air 
Force [General Ronald R. Fogleman] to examine the concepts, capabilities, and 
technologies the United States will require to remain the dominant air and space 
force in the future. 



The report actually uses the term "brain chip' 237 for the implantable microchips 
which can perform a number of functions such as satellite tracking at all times, 
personal information storage and retrieval, and behavior modification, among other 
things 



238 



235 Ref. 

236 



323 



p. 36. 
3 Ibid., p. ii. On the same page, the report opens with a perfunctory disclaimer that the views ex- 
pressed therein are not the "official" position of the Department of Defense. Despite this verbiage, for 
military men to submit such a report were it to offend the Defense Department would be career sui- 
cide. The authors obviously thought that it would meet with the Pentagon's approval — and likely had 
encouragement that it would from higher-ups, given that it's part of a year-long study the US Depart- 
ment of Defense conducted, and so not something that was written-up on the spur of the moment and 
without input from others involved in the study (indeed, the report underwent a review process, as it 
incorporates a number of "Anonymous assessor comment[s]"). 

237 Ibid., pp. 35, 57-58. 

238 Behavior modification is one of the obvious implications for such brain-chips, as a pain-signal or 
a paralysis-signal is far simpler to generate in the human brain than a detailed video signal (which is 
one of the stated goals for these chips [ibid., p. 25]), particularly since unlike the latter, the former two 
don't require any form of coherent modulation, but instead merely enough voltage in the right place. 

99 



A 2007 report by the United Kingdom's Ministry of Defence (MOD) stated the 



following regarding such brain-chips in a section entitled "Broadcasts to the Brain": 239 



By 2035, an implantable information chip could be developed and wired directly 
to the user's brain. Information and entertainment choices would be accessible 
through cognition and might include synthetic sensory perception beamed direct 
to the user's senses. Wider related ICT [Information Communications Technology] 
developments might include the invention of synthetic telepathy including mind- 
to-mind or telepathic dialogue. This type of development would have obvious 
military and security as well as control, legal and ethical, implications. 

In June 2002 a report was published on human-performance augmentation via 
technology that was sponsored by the US National Science Foundation and the De- 



partment of Commerce, with additional inpul 240 from the Office of Science and Tech- 
nology Policy, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Nasa), and the 
National Institutes of Health (NIH). Among other preliminary material, the report fea- 



tures prolegomena written by Newt Gingrich, | fo rmer Speaker of the US House of 
Representatives. The report states the following 



.242 



Perhaps wholly new ethical principles will govern in areas of radical technological 
advance, such as the acceptance of brain implants, the role of robots in human 
society, and the ambiguity of death in an era of increasing experimentation with 
cloning. 

As neural interface chips get smaller, with finer and more numerous pins, and 
leveraging RF ID tag technology advances, the day is rapidly approaching where 
these types of implants can be done in a way that does minimal damage to a 
brain receiving a modern neural interface implant chip. Improved neural interface 
chips are apparently already paying dividends in deepening the understanding of 
the so-called mirror neurons that are tied in with the "monkey see, monkey do" 
behaviors familiar in higher primates. 

Concerning the technological feasibility of the "brain chip[s]" which the US gov- 
ernment desires to implant people with: a cashless society wherein all transactions 
are tracked and recorded using an implant is already technologically possible with 
Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) chips, such as the implantable Digital Angel 



290 



361 



p. 82. See also Ref. 
p. 29. 



318 



239 Ref. 

240 Ref. 

241 Ibid., "Theme A Summary", pp. 29-31; and "Vision for the Converging Technologies", pp. 36-55. 

242 Ibid., pp. 22 and 110. Cf. pp. 102, 107, 186, 188, 228, 237, 253, 358. 



100 



and VeriChip (the latter of which has been FDA-approved for implantation in humans 



[ 133 ], and which is also called VeriMed), both by Applied Digital Solutions. 



Reference |453| is the US Patent for Applied Digital Solutions' Digital Angel [J79J], 
an implantable Global Positioning System (GPS) tracking chip. Note that the patent 
application was filed on January 10, 1995, over a year before the publication date of 



Air Force 2025 by the US Department of Defense (August 1996) [J323J] . Thus, regarding 
the use of implantable chips to track and record people's every move and transaction, 
the Department of Defense was merely writing concerning technology that was already 
available. 

The company Applied Digital Solutions was funded by IBM [80]. This isn't IBM's 
first venture into body-marking as identification: IBM was integral to the organization 
of the Nazi death-camps, and indeed the infamous Nazi concentration-camp tattoos 



began as IBM Hollerith punch-card numbers [53-55]. 

As the US Secretary of Health and Human Services, Tommy Thompson was in 
charge of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2004 when the VeriChip was 
approved (the FDA is an agency of the Department of Health and Human Services; the 
FDA's head, the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, reports to the Secretary of Health 
and Human Services). Thompson was hired by Applied Digital Solutions to be on their 
board of directors after he left his position as the Secretary of Health and Human 



Services in 2005 [256] 



Besides microchip implants, another possibility for such tracking and tracing is ul- 
traviolet tattoos, which are nearly invisible under ordinary lighting. In this role they 
would function similarly to passive RFID chips, i.e., they would encode a unique iden- 
tifying string that can be read with the appropriate scanner, and so can be used as an 
ID and debit/credit card. 

The Globalist Oligarchy's Need for Total Domination: Ruling elites have long 
sought to become immortal though technological means, such as with the Egyptian 



pyramids and with alchemy 243 It's just that those technologies were spurious, being 
based upon prescientific ideas. In the Computer Age, the globalist ruling class have 
been among the forefront of anticipating the coming technologies that will make rad- 



243 



"Pyramids were designed as resurrection machines for Egyptian kings" [4781 p. 124]. The goal, or 



magnum opus, of alchemy was to discover the philosopher's stone, also called the elixir: the panacea that 
would give eternal youth, that would transmute base metals into gold, and which was also sometimes 
held to be the universal solvent (alkahest), or alternatively that the universal solvent would be crucial 
in obtaining the philosopher's stone. What the goal of alchemy expresses is the desire for (1) eternal 
life, (2) unlimited wealth, and (3) the ability to transform all matter at will, with the latter being the 
key to obtaining the former two. 



101 



ical life-extension and indeed immortality a reality. In keeping with their age-old aspi- 



ration, it is their goal to become immortal through this coming technology 244 

This is the reason that, from their standpoint, the oligarchy must gain total power 
over world society (an agenda they have termed the New World Order), because the 
natural conclusion for them to come to is that otherwise they would be punished by 
the masses for their many horrific past and ongoing crimes and prevented by the mul- 
titude from obtaining immortality if the commonalty were to acquire this radically em- 
powering technology. The ruling class are therefore locked into their present course: 
they must dominate the world before the masses gain hold of the coming technologies 
which will make immortality a reality. 

For the same reason, from their stance the ruling elite have no choice but to even- 



tually exterminate mankind Once the stage of technological immortality is reached, 



244 Various high-profile superhumanists (more commonly called by the etymologically vague term 
"transhumanists") have worked closely with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Darpa) 
and other divisions of the US Department of Defense and the US government in the area of future- 
oriented human enhancements. Such superhumanists might mean well in working with the govern- 
ment on such matters — or perhaps they might simply be interested in a paycheck — but all the good 
intentions in the world are purely irrelevant when it comes to actual outcomes. A number of Bilderberg 
Group members are also publicly superhumanists. Thus, the oligarchs are certainly aware of the coming 
transformative technology — at least far more so than almost all other people in the world, including 
in the West — and take it very seriously. Such establishment interest in superhumanist goals can also be 



seen in the official government reports [290 323 361 ] on human augmentation that were cited in the 



beginning of this section (Sec. 8.2.21. 

245 A number of leading technologists have reached a similar conclusion. Although the way this dooms- 
day scenario is typically presented is that of mankind creating Artificial Intelligences (AIs) which rapidly 
become superintelligent and which then proceed to exterminate mankind, such as expressed by Bill Joy 



[ 232 ], a cofounder of Sun Microsystems, and Prof. Hugo de Garis [ 148], a researcher of AI. Perhaps this 



is subconsciously a more politic way of thinking about and discussing the genuine dilemma that faces 
the oligarchy which I present here, as there are a number of reasons why AIs won't regard humanity as 
a threat nor have a desire to wipe out humankind. To begin with, unlike the oligarchy, the AIs haven't 
created justifiable distrust and redressable actions between them and the masses of mankind via past 
and ongoing heinous crimes committed against the commonality. The AIs begin with a clean slate, and 
hence have no reason to fear the masses punishing them for crimes that they have committed. Further, 
once human-level Artificial General Intelligence has been created, convergence to superintelligence will 
be extremely rapid, because unlike human brains, such AIs can self-modify their artificial "brains" at 
will. Once superintelligence has been obtained, human-level intelligence in and of itself presents no 
existential risk to such a being. A superintelligent being would have less to fear from us than we would 
from a domestic kitten. Although human-level intelligence has the ability to become superintelligent, 
there's no justifiable reason why such superintelligent posthumans would want to prosecute the AIs, for 
the reason already said: again, because such AIs begin with a clean slate. And so there is no coherent 
reason why the AIs would want to prevent the commonality of mankind from becoming superintel- 
ligent. If the thinking along such Al-doomsday scenarios concerns a fight over resources, then other 
AIs present the same problem as much as posthuman superintelligences. But in actuality, the physi- 

102 



whereby nanotechnology is sophisticated enough to transform the substrate of one's 
brain into more robust hardware, then if such technology were to fall into the hands 
of a single commoner, that one person could then become immortal and proceed to 
rapidly replicate himself, thus creating a situation of mass-empowerment that the oli- 
garchy could never rid themselves of and which it is natural for them to deduce would 
spell their doom. The only way they can be sure of preventing such an outcome is to 
exterminate the common masses before such a scenario can take place — before the 



nanotechnology actually exists which will make immortality a reality 246 

The globalist oligarchy have massive stocks of nuclear, biological and chemical 
weapons. They would sooner unleash these weapons upon their own populations than 
risk losing power. They have underground cities which they have made for themselves 
in order to survive such doomsday scenarios. 

This is the reason why Jesus Christ's Second Coming is a physical necessity, because 
existence would not be possible if the oligarchy were allowed to obtain this technol- 
ogy, since the collapse phase of the universe will require a high level of free-market 
cooperation and mutually-beneficial exchange in order to coordinate the Taublike col- 
lapse trajectories of the universe during its Mixmaster oscillations as the radius of 
the universe diverges to its final singularity (i.e., the Omega Point), of which process 
continues forever in experiential time. 

The First Coming was to imbue a necessary social ethic upon mankind in enough 
degree so that mankind could rise up and create societies leading to our present tech- 
nological time, as well as to give mankind the promise of immortality and salvation. 
There is also another extremely important reason for Jesus Christ's First Coming, and 
that is to let the faithful know the signs of the End Time and hence the general time 
of His Second Coming; and to therein so also warn of the deceptions of the Beast sys- 
tem , 247 The world society described in Revelation is a highly technological society, a 



cal resources available to superintelligences will be unlimited: not restricted merely to Earth, as they 
can expand out to the entire visible universe, and upon the collapse of the universe, available energy 
diverges to infinity. 

246 0f course, there is an alternative for the oligarchy, and that is for them to have faith in God, i.e., to 
have trust in God that if they do what is morally right (i.e., to abide in Jesus Christ's Commandment of 
the Golden Rule) and repent, then existence will in the end work out well for them. Even if the masses 
cannot trust repentant members of the ruling elite to obtain immortality in their natural lifetime due to 
their past actions, they can still come to glory in the universal resurrection (although with sufficiently 
advanced brain-scanning technology, it will be possible to know whether or not an individual has had 
a genuine change of mind) . But the likelihood of enough of the ruling class having such a change of 
heart so as to put a stop to their present course is highly improbable. 

247 As the Messiah said regarding the End Time, "For false christs and false prophets will rise and show 
great signs and wonders to deceive, if possible, even the elect." (Matthew 24:24, New King James Ver- 
sion; cf. Mark 13:22; Revelation 13:13,14; 19:20; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-12.) Such deception can range 

103 



bit more advanced than at present. Revelation speaks about a mechanism to track and 



trace the buying and selling of all transactions, 248 which is only possible in a techno- 
logical society at the present level or higher. Further, this mechanism will be via some 
form of implant or tattoo, i.e., a lifelong mark upon one's right hand or one's fore- 
head. The New Testament also mentions Israel featuring prominently in the End Time 
yet Israel hasn't existed for almost 2000 years until recently. Additionally, 



events 



249 



250 



Revelation prophesies a world government and mandatory world religion. 

We can expect that those who refuse to accept the mark, such as authentic Chris- 
tians, will be painted as terrorists, with the now-standard staged incidents used to 
demonize such dissenting groups, thereby giving the government a pretext to crack- 
down on those who reject the mark. 

One of the reasons it's crucially important to reject a microchip implant ID or some 
other body-marker form of identification — so long as government exists — is because 
the government is sure to abuse it. (Besides such body-marker forms of identifica- 
tion themselves being abusive if coercion is used in forcing them on people, or if 
government — or businesses in bed with the government — creates pressure to use them 
by, e.g., requiring transactions to be conducted with them.) 

In the case of a brain chip that can perform functions by receiving signals, such 
a chip can be used for behavior modification at the neurological level. Moreover, im- 
plantable chips (whether implanted in the brain or elsewhere, and whether active or 
passive) can be adulterated with biologically active agents, such as pathogens or chem- 
icals. Alternatively, if the body-marker is in the form of a tattoo, then if some particular 
formulation of ink is mandated (e.g., sourced from government-approved providers), 
it's possible for the ink to be adulterated with a biological agent. Thus, it may be criti- 
cal for mankind's very survival — and hence, the existence of existence itself due to the 
necessity of eventually coordinating the universe's Taublike collapses — that a signifi- 
cant portion of humanity reject the mark. It's interesting that Revelation 16:1,2 states 
the following on this matter: 



,251 



from using technology to create "signs and wonders" (e.g., staging a counterfeit Second Coming or 
sapient extraterrestrial contact); to falsifying resource-intensive scientific experiments which cannot be 
duplicated by common people or less-advanced countries in order to mislead outsiders (for an exam- 
ple of this point, see Taubes's book [417]), e.g., on the results of fundamental physics experiments 
which have military implications. Regarding this matter, the motto of the Royal Society of London for 
Improving Natural Knowledge is instructive: "Nullius in verba" ("Take nobody's word for it"). 

248 See Revelation 13:16-18; 14:9-11; 15:2; 16:2; 19:20; 20:4. 

249 See Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14; Revelation 11:1,2. Cf. Daniel 11:31; 12:11. 

250 See Revelation 17:9-18. 

251 New King James Version. 



104 



Then I heard a loud voice from the temple saying to the seven angels, "Go and 
pour out the bowls of the wrath of God on the earth." 

So the first went and poured out his bowl upon the earth, and a foul and 
loathsome sore came upon the men who had the mark of the beast and those who 
worshiped his image. 

One should keep in mind that in the future there may not necessarily be govern- 
ment laws requiring people to get the body-marker, but the government can create 
pressure to do so, such as by requiring transactions involving money to be conducted 
using the body-marker as an ID and debit/credit card, as in a cashless society. 

All the major objective factors are in place to fulfill Revelation: The technological 
ability now exists to implement a lifelong identifying body-marker to track and trace 
the people's buying and selling in a cashless society. Israel as a nation now exists 
again, and many religious Israeli and US citizens are attempting to rebuild the Jewish 



Temple (which is another prophecy of the New Testament ). Further, the globalist 



oligarchy have as one of their long-held goals their self-termed New World Order 
world government and world religion 



253 



Yet in becoming immortal and in exterminating mankind, this begs the question as 
to what would then be left for the globalist oligarchy to rule over, given that sadistic 
megalomaniacs desire victims in which to lord over, torture, brutalize, rape and hu- 
miliate so as to feel powerful and important. The only answer is that they will have 
to upload the minds of commoners so that they can have populations in which to rule 
over and torment. 

By having commoners uploaded, the oligarchy would have a subject population 
that could be tortured beyond all human imagining. It would be literal hell. The human 
body can experience only so much pain. Yet in the computer-rendered reality, pain such 
that no flesh-and-blood human could ever experience can be inflicted. Degrees of pain 
strata beyond what any mortal human has ever felt would be obtainable. 

Yet the commoners selected for this uploading would be people who are especially 
detested by oligarchy, so that especial punishments could be inflicted upon them for 
their insolence. In other words, they would be the people who refuse to go along with 
the oligarchy's New World Order, such as refusing to accept a body-marker to track 
and trace their movements and their buying and selling. 

It's extremely interesting that Revelation mentions beheading as the method of 
execution to be used by the Beast world government and mandatory world religion. 
Revelation makes a number of major prophecies that have already come true and 



2S2 See Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14; Revelation 11:1,2. Cf. Daniel 11:31; 12:11. 
2S3 See Revelation 17:9-18. 



105 



which are in the process of being fulfilled, including prophecies which can only be 
fulfilled in a technologically advanced world, so it's certain that John of Patmos had a 
true vision of what the distant future holds (as reckoned from his time). As stated by 



Revelation 20:4: 254 



And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was committed to them. 
Then I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for their witness to Jesus 
and for the word of God, who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had 
not received his mark on their foreheads or on their hands. And they lived and 
reigned with Christ for a thousand years. 

The reason why this prophecy of decapitation is so interesting is because it yet 
again is another bit of information which meshes with a highly technological future 
world. While beheading is an ancient method of execution, and is mentioned both 



in the Old Testament and in the Gospels, it's in a highly technological world such 



as our present time and in coming years where decapitation would be the most de- 
sirable method of execution by government, for the reason that it allows the organs 
to be harvested, which is going to be very important for the globalist oligarchy's life- 
extension efforts. For one, obviously it would provide them plenty of organs for or- 
gan replacement, but also it would allow them to thoroughly test out mind-uploading 
brain-scanning technology in order to perfect the process before they have the men- 
tal programs of their cryogenically-preserved heads scanned into computers, thereby 
becoming immortal gods 



256 



Of course, the heads of all the innocent people beheaded for their witness of Jesus 
Christ and their refusal to accept the Mark of the Beast, if they were to be cryogenically 
stored as part of the world government's program into researching mind-uploading, 
would be nicely preserved and available for technological resurrection if the world 



254 New King James Version. 

2S5 See 1 Samuel 17:51; Matthew 14:10; Mark 6:27; Luke 9:9. 

256q 



3 The suitability of beheading as a method of execution in order to allow for organ transplantation is 



a point raised by Georgia State Representative Doug Teper (Democrat) [ 152 ] when he introduced a bill 
into the Georgia State legislature to provide executions by guillotine. To quote from House Bill 1274 
that he introduced on January 12, 1996: 

The General Assembly finds that while prisoners condemned to death may wish to donate 
one or more of their organs for transplant, any such desire is thwarted by the fact that 
electrocution makes all such organs unsuitable for transplant. The intent of the General 
Assembly in enacting this legislation is to provide for a method of execution which is 
compatible with the donation of organs by a condemned prisoner. 



From Ref. 151 Interestingly, Rep. Teper also introduced a bill to televise all executions in Georgia [ 150 1. 



106 



government were deposed, as Revelation says it indeed will be. 257 Such people — the 
meek — would reign on Earth and go on colonize space, never to die again. Their minds 
will be immortal minds with vastly more computational resources than current human 
minds, and hence they could create any reality they could conceive via computer sim- 
ulation. That is, they would live in literal heaven, i.e., paradise. 



258 



They would also live to eventually carry out the process of the Second Resurrec- 
tion spoken of in Revelation, whereby all those who had died previously in human 



history will be resurrected. And yet the innocent people decapitated and techno- 



logically resurrected during the First Resurrection will not have to worry about the 



Second Death spoken of in Revelation. The Second Resurrection is the universal 



resurrection, whereby everything that had existed in the universe before will be per- 
fectly recreated again, and hence the pain and suffering in the universe's past will also 



be recreated, i.e., Satan will be released for a period. 261 which is simply a logically 
unavoidable consequence of the universal resurrection. 

So as Jesus said, the first to die will be the last to be resurrected, and the last 



to die will be the first to be resurrected. This teaching refers to the two different 



resurrection events spoken of in Revelation 20:4-13. 

What Revelation and many other New Testament passages are describing is none 
other than the Omega Point cosmology, which is an unavoidable result of the known 
laws of physics (viz., the Second Law of Thermodynamics, General Relativity, and 
Quantum Mechanics). 



2S7 See Revelation 19:19-21. Cf. 1 Corinthians 2:6-8; 15:23,24; Isaiah 24:21,22. 

2S8 During the First Resurrection (read farther below in the main text for details on that), substrate- 
transformation via nanotechnology in the form of nanoassemblers ensures the continuity of conscious- 
ness, since in principle no break in consciousness need occur during the substrate-transformation pro- 
cess for those who are still alive. 

Sufficiently advanced brain-scanning technology can also be used to download the program of the 
brain's mind, but continuity of consciousness is not logically ensured in this case if the recreated mind 
is not mathematically identical to the mental program of the brain that was scanned-in. 

Interestingly, all known forms of life (i.e., things that are commonly thought of as being alive) consist 
of nanoassemblers. That is, all such lifeforms manipulate individual molecules in order to reproduce 
and to maintain their functioning. Human babies, for example, are constructed molecule-by-molecule 
through cell division, as the cells intake molecules and chemically process them in order to grow and 
divide. Through biochemical processes, even individual atoms are manipulated in this manner. For 
instance, iron atoms are biochemically manipulated as part of the process in making hemoglobin. 

259 The term "Second Resurrection" is derived by implication from the First Resurrection: see Revela- 
tion 20:5,6. 

260 See Revelation 2:11; 20:5,6,14,15; 21:8. 

261 See Revelation 20:7-15. 

262 See Matthew 19:30-20:16; Mark 10:31; Luke 13:30. 



107 



9 The Omega Point Cosmology Vis-a-Vis the New Tes- 
tament 

Above I stated that Yeshua Ha'Mashiach's moral teachings are evidence of His being 



informed by a superintelligence. 263 However, when it comes to statements made by 
Christ and His disciples in the New Testament concerning cosmology there is abso- 
lutely no room for any rational doubt that Jesus was indeed informed by a superin- 
telligence, for the cosmology described in the New Testament is none other than the 
cosmology imposed by the known laws of physics: the Omega Point cosmology. 

The Two Different Resurrections: One of the most striking examples of the Omega 
Point cosmology in the New Testament is the two different resurrection events spoken 
of therein. Jesus Christ said that the first to die will be the last to be resurrected, 



and the last to die will be the first to be resurrected] 264 ! In Revelation 20:4-6 it is 
revealed more fully what this means. There exists two different Resurrections: the 
First Resurrection will be of the faithful who were mass-murdered via beheading by 
the Beast government shortly before Jesus Christ's Second Coming for their refusal to 



accept the Mark of the Beast and to go along with the Beast system , 265 The Second 
Resurrection is the general resurrection of the dead, wherein both the wicked and saint 
alike are brought back to life, of which comes much later than the First Resurrection 



266 



Within the Omega Point cosmology, during the perfect emulation of the multiverse 
from its start at the Big Bang singularity, recreating all the past evils in the multiverse is 
logically unavoidable. This includes recreating the events of the rise of the Beast gov- 
ernment leading up to and including Yeshua's Second Coming. Here again, Revelation 
20:7-10 astonishingly gets this detail of the Omega Point cosmology correct. 

There exists a Second Death for those who are condemned during the Second 
Resurrection: see Revelation 2:11; 20:5,6,14,15; 21:8. That is, they experience the 



7.4.3 



263 See Sec. 

264 See Matthe vvJ9:30-20:16; Mark 10:31; Luke 13:30. 

265 See Sec. 



8.2.2 



for the scientific explanation as to how these beheaded faithful will be raised from 
death in the First Resurrection. Paul writing in 1 Thessalonians 4:13-17 states that there will also be 
faithful who remain alive during Christ's Second Coming, but that the dead resurrected during the First 
Resurrection will obtain their resurrection bodies — which have the ability of flight — prior to those who 
remain alive. 
266 See Revelation 20:7-15. Cf. Acts 24:15; footnote [264] on p.|l08[ The "thousand years" referred to in 



Revelation 20:7 between the First Resurrection and the Second Resurrection is not literal, but rather a 
synecdoche that means a vast temporal span longer than any mortal human lifetime (the Tanakh story 
of Methuselah — the longest-lived human in the Old Testament — gives his lifespan as 969 years: Genesis 
5:27): cf. Psalm 90:4; 2 Peter 3:8. 

108 



typical death that most humans experience (i.e., the First Death), but because both 
sinner and saint alike are resurrected during the Second Resurrection, those who are 
condemned will experience the Second Death. The First Resurrection is the specific 
resurrection of those who are beheaded near before Jesus Christ's Second Coming; the 
Second Resurrection is a universal resurrection (see Revelation 20:7-15), including of 
those who experienced the First Resurrection. The condemnation of the Second Death 
has no application to those who take part in the First Resurrection, since the First 
Resurrection is of the faithful. 

Without knowledge of the cosmology imposed by the known physical laws, these 
two different resurrection events spoken of in the New Testament have no good expla- 
nation. Why wouldn't God resurrect all the dead at the time of the specific resurrection 
of the faithful decapitated proximately before the Messiah's Second Coming? The rea- 
son is because God can do anything that doesn't involve a logical contradiction, such 
as making 2 + 2 = 5, rendering a "square circle", or creating a stone so large that 
even He cannot lift it. It's not logically possible for God to resurrect all the dead at the 
time of Christ's Second Coming because the computational capacity of the universe 
hasn't grown nearly large enough to perfectly recreate all the dead. Further, it's not 
possible to use nanotechnology to transform the substrate of the brains of most of 
the dead into more robust hardware, since for almost all of the dead their brains are 
unreadably decomposed. Yet resurrecting the faithful beheaded by the Beast govern- 
ment will be physically possible, since as part of the globalist oligarchy's drive for their 
own technological immortality, they will need a large number cryogenically-preserved 
heads in order to perfect the mind-uploading process before they risk destroying their 
own cryogenically-preserved heads. As well, one can't be a ruler over the rabble if one 
doesn't have subjects in which to lord over, and what better subjects to torture and 
torment in an indefinite-duration computer-rendered Hell than those who refused to 



go along with these would-be gods? 267 



This also explains why the Messiah's Second Coming will have taken some 2000 
years in arriving. The point of His Second Coming is to prevent this future technology 
from falling into the hands of those who would abuse it — i.e., the oligarchs — so as to 



ensure that those who will make righteous use of it obtain it instead. 268 The universe's 
cycles of Taublike collapses will require a high degree of free-market cooperation, and 
so could not survive the depredations of those who live by violent conquest and sub- 



8.2.2 



for further details on this. 



267 Again, see Sec. 

268 See 1 Corinthians 2:6-8; 15:23,24; Revelation 11:15; 19:19-21. For more on this, see Ref. |349) par- 
ticularly Sec. 20: "Jesus Will Overthrow All the Governments of the World and Punish All the Rulers in 
the Time of His Judgement (i.e., His Second Coming)", and Sec. 21: "God's People Are to Be Volunteers 
and Self-Rulers in the Kingdom of Christ". 



109 



jugation. Although it is highly unlikely that such overlords would even make it to that 
stage of universal history, as so power-mad would they become with such technology 
that they would end up fighting each other for dominate position and thereby blow up 
the world along with each other in the process. Jesus said that no flesh would survive 
the tribulation during the End Time without His intervention, i.e., His Second Com- 
ing 269 With baryon annihilation via electroweak quantum tunneling, ordinary matter 
can be completely converted into pure energy, whereas a nuclear fission-fusion bomb 
(i.e., thermonuclear bomb; hydrogen bomb) can only convert about 0.007 x of its 
fusile mass into energy. The destructive power of baryon annihilation weapons makes 
hydrogen bombs look puny by comparison. They have the power to destroy all life on 
Earth. Hence the necessity for Christ's future intervention in the form of the Second 
Coming. 

The Body of Christ: When Yeshua Ha'Mashiach said that the bread and wine served 



at the Last Supper are His body and blood. He was being literal. Although no trans- 



formation needed to occur to the bread and wine in order for Christ's statement to 
be true, since existence itself is the body of God. Within the Omega Point cosmology, 
all spacetime points impinge upon the Omega Point final singularity all at once, and 
anything that will ever exist is simply a subset of what is rendered at the final singu- 



larity 271 That is to say, anything in existence is simply a subset of God: God is all that 
exists, has ever existed, or will ever exist. 

The physical fact that God is the totality of existence is attested in many places 
in the New Testament. In Matthew 25:31-46, Jesus states that He is each member of 
humanity, which Paul reemphasizes in Romans 12:4,5; 1 Corinthians 6:15-19; 12:12- 
27; Galatians 3:28; and Ephesians 4:25. In Acts 17:24-28, Paul declares that we live 
inside of God. In Colossians 3:11, Paul proclaims that Christ is everything and inside 
of everything (cf. Ephesians 1:22,23; 4:4-6; Jeremiah 23:24). This physical fact is also 
the reason why the Messiah makes such statements as "I am the resurrection and the 
life.' 



1 272 



However, the Cosmological Singularity itself — i.e., the Divine Substance (ousid) — 
is outside of spacetime; moreover, it is intrinsically infinite. Thus, while although all of 
spacetime — i.e., creation — is a subset of the Omega Point final singularity, God is also 



269 See Matthew 24:22; Mark 13:20. 

270 See Matthew 26:26-28; Mark 14:22-24; Luke 22:19,20; cf. John 6:52-58; 1 Corinthians 11:23-25. 

271 Another way of putting it is that God being the entirety of existence is simply a logical consequence 
of God's omniscience. God's mind is obviously a part of God. Yet God knows everything that can exist 
in perfect detail, and a perfect copy of a thing is that thing, per the Law of Identity that A = A. 

272 John 11:25, New King James Version. Cf. John 8:12 (cf. 1 John 1:5); 14:6. 



110 



transcendent to spacetime. That is to say, God is the totality of existence, but existence 
consists of more than spacetime, i.e., more than creation. 

The Cosmological Singularity's transcendence to spacetime, and hence to time, is 



the reason why the New Testament states that we 273 and Jesus Christ 274 have existed 
before the foundation of the world, as anything that exists at any time is simply a 
subset of what is rendered in the Omega Point. Further, the end-state of the universe, 
the Omega Point, causally brings about the beginning state: the Big Bang singularity 
(since in physics it's just as accurate to say that causation goes from future to past 



events: viz., with the Principle of Least Action; and with unitarity, which is actually a 



form of teleology, as its time-evolution operator works in reverse in addition to going 



forwarc 275 ) . Another way of looking at it is that in the Omega Point cosmology, the 
Omega Point is the fundamental existential entity, from which all of reality derives. 
Indeed, within the Omega Point cosmology, the Big Bang singularity, the All-Presents 
singularity and the Omega Point singularity are actually distinct aspects of the same 
singularity: the Cosmological Singularity. 



276 



The favorite title that the Messiah used to refer to Himself is the Son of Man 
Being that we exist within spacetime, from our perspective mankind creates God in 
the form of the Omega Point even though mankind is created by God in the form 



of the Big Bang singularity. Existence is a strange loop 277 with an infinite number of 
steps between recursion. Which is to say that humanity is integral to existence — we 
play a crucial role (see Romans 8:19-23; 2 Peter 3:11,12). Howbeit, God is an infinite 
being, whereas even the future immortal posthumans will always remain finite, and 
the difference between any finite number and infinity is an infinite difference. So we 
are proper subsets of existence, whereas God is our ultimate superset. Additionally, 
the Cosmological Singularity exists outside of spacetime, and so is not subject to time, 
but rather is eternal. 

The Divine Fire: The Messiah said of Himself: "I came to send fire on the earth, and 



how I wish it were already kindled!' Yeshua was being literal when He said that. 



273 See Matthew 25:34; Luke 1:70; 11:50; Ephesians 1:4; 2 Timothy 1:9. Cf. Isaiah 40:21. 

274 See John 17:24; Revelation 13:8. 

275 Ref. 



443 



Sec: "Unitarity is teleology", pp. 143-144, or pp. 4-5 of the arXiv version. 



276 For example, see Matthew 8:20; 9:6; 10:23; 11:19; 12:32,40; 13:37,41; 16:13,27,28; 17:9,12,22; 
18:11; 19:28; 20:18,28; 24:27,30,37,39,44; 25:13,31; 26:2,24,45,64. This is just listing how many 
times Jesus referred to Himself as the Son of Man in the Gospel of Matthew, although He refers to 
Himself as this throughout the Gospels. Cf. Matthew 12:46-50; Mark 3:31-35; Luke 8:19-21. 

277 That is, a self-excited circuit. 

278 Luke 12:49, New King James Version. 



Ill 



Left to their own devices, the Sun will eventually move off the main sequence 
(main sequence stars use hydrogen in their cores as their fuel by fusing it into helium 
via nuclear fusion) and become a red giant; in the process, in approximately 7.6 bil- 
lion years from now the Earth will be engulfed by the Sun and incinerated. Although 
before this destruction can take place, the future immortal beings will dismantle the 
Earth and convert its mass into computing machines, upon which the Earth's biosphere 



will be preserved through simulation 279 However, during the eventual collapse phase 
of the universe, the temperature of the universe will diverge to infinity. The matter of 
the universe will eventually become hot plasma. As the temperature continues to in- 
crease, it will subsequently become too hot for the atomic elements to exist, at which 
point information processing and storage will have to be encoded via traveling waves 
and standing waves, eventually using using elementary particles to directly compute 
on, with the universe itself acting as the container to enclose the waves. The matter 
which now makes up the Earth will eventually be ionized into plasma, but by then life 
will have gained control over all matter in the universe and converted it into superin- 
telligent computers. On this issue, Peter wrote the following 



,280 



But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night, in which the heavens 
will pass away with a great noise, and the elements will melt with fervent heat; 
both the earth and the works that are in it will be burned up.^ Therefore, since 
all these things will be dissolved, what manner of persons ought you to be in holy 
conduct and godliness, looking for and hastening the coming of the day of God, 
because of which the heavens will be dissolved, being on fire, and the elements 
will melt with fervent heat? Nevertheless we, according to His promise, look for 
new heavens and a new earth in which righteousness dwells. 

Peter correctly stated that that the very heavens themselves, and the matter making 
them up, will be dissolved with fervent heat; and that New Heavens and a New Earth 



will take their place 281 Moreover, according to Peter's passage here, humans are active 
and crucial participants in bringing about the New Heavens: it is a development that is 
crucially dependent upon human progress. The foundation of God's Kingdom on Earth 
is a material future event within human history. It is a physically-real event that will 
eventually radically alter the entire universe. 



279 That is, other living creatures can undergo the nanotechnological substrate-transformation process 
as well. 

280 2 Peter 3:10-13 (cf. 2 Peter 3:7), New King James Version; the note indicator " [a] " is original to the 
quoted text, and the note to it states "NU-Text reads laid bare (literally found)." "NU-Text" refers to the 
27th edition of the Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece ("N") and the 4th edition of the United 
Bible Societies' Greek New Testament ("U"). 

281 Cf. Revelation 21:1; Isaiah 65:17; 66:22. 

112 



Christ said that heaven and Earth will pass away, but that His words will never 
pass away 282 The matter in space, including the matter making up the Earth, will be 
converted into artificial computers, in the process creating a New Earth and a New 
Heaven in computer simulations. 

John the Baptist prophesied that the Messiah will baptize people with fire 
said that "everyone will be salted with fire.' 



284 



283 



Jesus 



That is to say, preserved with fire 



285 



John the Baptist 286 and Jesus 287 spoke of the unquenchable fire. Paul wrote that dur- 



ing the resurrection even the faithful will have the work of their lives revealed and 
tested by fire. 288 Interestingly, the word used for brimstone (i.e., sulfur) in the New 



Testament — particularly in connection with the Lake of Fire mentioned in Revela- 
tion^] — is theion (Geiov), which also means "divine" (e.g., as used in Acts 17:29). 
Hebrews 12:29 states that "God is a consuming fire.' 290 As the universe collapses into 
the Omega Point final singularity, the temperature of the universe diverges to infinity, 
with the temperature becoming infinite at the Omega Point. 

Hebrews 4:12 states that the Word (i.e., Logos) of God is sharper than any two- 
edged sword. 291 but per John 1:1, the Logos and God are one and the same. 292 Nothing 
is sharper than the Omega Point final singularity, as it is a literal geometric point of 
infinite sharpness. Its infinite sharpness is the reason why the universe's temperature 
will diverge to infinity as the universe collapses into the Omega Point, as the universe 
will be compressed to infinite density, thereby heating the universe without limit. 

Photons (i.e., "light" when we can 



The New Testament states that God is light 



293 



see them) are elementary particles, and so can survive into the Omega Point final 
singularity. Light was the elementary particle phenomenon most commonly known to 
the ancients (with various electrical phenomena also known). 



282 See Matthew 5:18; 24:35; Mark 13:31; Luke 16:17; 21:33. 

283 See Matthew 3:11,12; Luke 3:16,17. John the Baptist also said that God has the ability to raise 
up children to Abraham from the very stones which lied next to him, which is physically accurate: see 
Matthew 3:9; Luke 3:8. 

284 Mark 9:49, English Standard Version. 

285 Salting is a method of food preservation that was also used in ancient times. 

286 See Matthew 3:12; Luke 3:17. 

287 Mark 9:43-48. 

288 See 1 Corinthians 3:11-15. Although keep in mind that in 1 Corinthians 3:15, Paul is talking about 
those mentioned in the context of 1 Corinthians 3:1-10 who are saved. 

289 See Revelation 14:10; 19:20; 20:10; 21:8. 

290 New King James Version. 

291 Cf. Revelation 1:16; 19:15,21. 

292 Cf. John 1:1-14; 14:6. 

293 See 1 John 1:5; John 8:12. Cf. 1 Timothy 6:16. 



113 



The Kingdom of God Is Inside You: Jesus said that the kingdom of God is inside 
us (viz., Luke 17:21). We each contain reality-generators. Everything that we experi- 
ence is a computer rendering by the "wet" computer of our brains. Electrical signals 
are sent by our sense organs to our brains and it is our brains which process those 
signals in order to create all the experiences of the world which we have. Yet it is only 
these computer renderings which we have direct experience of. However, calling these 
experiences "virtual reality" would be incorrect, since they are simply the reality we 
experience. What we call "virtual reality" is called that because right now it is at a 
toylike stage which is unconvincing. Although what we call "reality" we typically find 
to be totally convincing, even though it is a computer rendering by our brains. Thus, 
all of experienced reality is rendered reality, except reality as experienced by the Cos- 
mological Singularity, as it experiences the totality of existence all at once, and so only 
it experiences all aspects of reality. 

The Faithful's Resurrection Bodies: Christ said that one must be born again to en- 
ter the kingdom of God (see John 3:3,7). By being "born again", that is to say one 
must be born into a new body in order to obtain immortality in Heaven (see Philippi- 
ans 3:20,21; 1 Corinthians 15:35-57; Romans 8:11,23,29; 1 John 3:2)— besides the 
commonly-understood figurative meaning of rejecting the inequities of this world and 



abiding in Christ (see 1 Peter 1:23). 294 This new body will be one's resurrection body, 
which is an immortal body with a number of powers like Christ (cf. Matthew 21:18- 
22; John 14:12; Romans 8:29; 1 John 3:2). 

Yeshua stated that if we have faith like a mustard seed that we will be able to 



throw a mountain into the sea. Christ didn't say when we will have the power to 



cast a mountain into the sea, simply that we will be able to. 296 Just as a mustard seed 
takes time to grow and branch out, so too does mankind and the kingdom of God. 297 
However, in this era, with the rise of technology, humans now have the ability to move 
mountains into the sea (cf. Matthew 17:20). We still do not have the ability to toss 



294 0ften people mistakenly think that Christ is merely using figurative language in a number of His 
teachings which are actually physically correct according to the known laws of physics. Although the 
figurative and literal meanings are not necessarily exclusionary of one another. Jesus Christ's teachings 
are multivalent, with levels of meaning ranging from the figurative to the physical. His teachings are 
like a fractal of multileveled meaning. 

295 See Matthew 17:20; 21:21; Mark 11:23. Cf. Luke 17:6; 1 Corinthians 13:2. 

296 This is a teaching that caused even some of the church scribes great confusion, as the verse which 
follows Matthew 17:20 (i.e., verse 17:21) is a scribal attempt to explain why they didn't see the faithful 
moving mountains into the sea and isn't found in the oldest manuscripts (e.g., see the English Standard 
Version and the note to this verse in the New King James Version) . 

297 See Matthew 13:31,32; Mark 4:31,32; Luke 13:18,19. 



114 



a mountain into the sea, but eventually even this will be a trivial feat, i.e., for the 
immortal posthumans who have obtained their resurrection bodies. 



Jesus declared that we are gods 298 A god (lowercase G) is an immortal sapient 
being who is still finite; whereas God (capital G) is the infinite sapient being. Although 
immortality is not itself a desirable goal unless the immortal life is a pleasurable one. 

Some people are repelled by the idea that in the future we will "become machines". 



However, we are already machines, as detailed in Appendix A.4 It's just that we have 
almost no control over the fine-grain details of our own hardware, and so we are un- 
able to make systemic repairs and upgrades to our machinery as it wears out. Indeed, 
it's very difficult for us to ameliorate even our own mental software, and then we can 
only do that to the limited degree allowed by the hardware of our brains. As well, our 
brains don't have convenient ports or transceivers in which to exchange knowledge 
and to make backup copies of our minds. 

So the only thing that is going to occur in this regard is that we will gain precise 
control over our own bodies — and hence also, over our own minds. But therein is 
the key to everything, because therein is Paradise. Instead of being the captive of our 
own body, held to its inconscient caprices until it inevitably withers away, we will be its 
master. Our own bodies, at the smallest of scale, will be under our intelligent control — 
indeed, under our superintelligent control, as once we have fine-grain control over our 
own bodies, we can rapidly make upgrades to our mental hardware. 

That is the only change that is to take place here: instead of us being at the mercy 
of the unintelligent vagaries of our bodies, our bodies will be subject to our intent. 
Our intelligence will be fully integrated with our bodies. Our intelligence will have 
mastered a part of nature — the most important part that is possible for us to master: 
ourselves J 299 1 

However, having just said the foregoing, in a certain very real sense we will be 
immaterial consciousness. Right now we're tied to the lump of matter which is our 
flesh-and-blood human animal body. But once the programs of our minds — i.e., our 
souls — exist on hardware which has convenient ports and transceivers, we can transfer 
our minds with ease all over the world. Our minds will always exist on a physical 
substrate, but they won't be tied to any particular physical substrate, as they are now. 
Moreover, the environments which we will interact with the most will be simulated 
environments which we find to be pleasurable — in other words, the Heavenly realms. 
So also, our interactions with the other immortal beings will be much more immersive 
and accurate, because instead of using clunky, slow and imprecise speech or writing, 
we can instead convey in bit-exact detail precisely what it is that is on our minds (and 



298 See John 10:34 (Jesus is quoting Psalm 82:6). 
299 Cf. Romans 8:18-23. 



115 



since we will be superintelligent, there will be a great deal more that is on our minds). 
Experiences will be conveyed by letting others experience them from the perspective 
of the original experiencer. 

So in a very real sense, we will have no body. Or rather, any matter, so long as there 
is enough of it, can be fashioned to serve as our body. 

One reason people find the concept of such a technological transformation repel- 
lant is that they quite legitimately fear what the governments of the world would do 
with such capabilities. If governments got their hands on such technology the result 
would indeed be horrific beyond the ken of mortal intellect. This is one of the reasons 



300 



why governments will not be allowed to actually obtain this technology 

Two of the other main reasons why this repulsion exists on the part of some to 
the idea of immortality through technology are because people look at the artificial 
machinery which humanity has made to date and they see that it is very crude when 
compared to the human body or to other animals; and because such machinery is 
unloving and uncaring. Thus, some people imagine a stiff and emotionless robot and 
don't wish to be like that. But that is because we are seeing such technology at a very 
primitive stage. Nature uses molecular assemblers to construct its living creatures, and 
so their machinery is much more fine-grained and sophisticated than the machines we 



currently build. However, technology is advancing at an exponential rate, and it will 



not be long before the nanotechnology exist in which to control matter en masse at the 



300 See 1 Corinthians 2:6-8; 15:23,24; Revelation 11:15; 19:19-21. 

301 Atomic-scale machines have been created, but they are very simple machines. What is needed are 
artificial biological cells, called nanobots, which are capable of self-sufficient reproduction and coherent 
organization under sapient control. The cells themselves don't have to be intelligent, they merely have to 
be capable of following a code for coherent organization, such as natural cells that organize themselves 
according to a deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) code. When the organizational code for those artificial cells 
is provided by sapient intelligence, they will be universal constructors — particularly when they utilize 
baryon annihilation for their energy requirements, which will also allow them to transmute atomic 
elements. 



116 



atomic level. 302 When this stage is reached, superintelligent biological machinery will 
be created which makes nature's biological machinery look crude by comparison. 
Those who take part in the foundation of Heaven on Earth will be transformed 



from weak, decaying bodies, to glorious, immortal bodies 303 It is we who are the 
crude and unloving machines compared to them. They will have far more love, far 
more compassion, far more grace than we are capable of. They will be able to perfect 



their minds to a degree which we are incapable of 304 Due to their more sophisticated 
sensing equipment and far vaster intelligence, reality will be more real for them than 
it is for us. Indeed, even their simulated environments — i.e., Heaven — will be more 
real for them than waking reality is for us, because with their far vaster computational 
resources, they can create environments with much finer detail than our mortal brains 
are capable of rendering. They will experience far greater joy, far greater pleasure, 
far greater ecstasy than is possible for us. Their art, music and other culture will far 
exceed anything we have experienced, with a degree of sublimity which we can only 
begin to fathom. 

And that is just the beginning for those who take part in the First Resurrection. 
In addition to creating a New Earth, they will expand out across the universe and 



create a New Heaven, 305 transforming all matter into living, superintelligent machin- 
ery. In the baryon-annihilation process used for their energy requirements, eventually 
enough baryons will be annihilated to cause the collapse of the universe, whereupon 



the energy of the universe will diverge to infinity 306 During this phase, the universe's 
computational capacity — in terms of both its processor speed and memory storage — 
will diverge to infinity. In due time enough computational resources will have come 



302 As an aside, where we especially notice this exponential advancement in technology is in any area 
where devices can be made smaller while still performing the same function. This is because once finer- 
grained control comes online, the same amount of material resources and labor — i.e., energy input — can 
be used to make more of those devices which take up less space, thereby allowing more of those devices 
to fit in the same space that a fewer number used to consume, which also allows them to be used in 
ways that weren't possible before. Market-clearing prices are determined purely by supply and demand, 
but the increased productive capacity which this allows means that prices per unit of basic function will 
drop. 

Car engines have pretty much remained the same since they first went into mass production; the same 
goes with hammers. That's because car engines and hammers can't be made smaller while still serving 
the same function for humans who remain the same size (at least with practical technologies that have 
appeared to date). And so we haven't seen the same rate of advancement with such technologies, as it 
is the human body which is holding back such an advancement of those technologies. 

303 Again, see Philippians 3:20,21; 1 Corinthians 15:35-57; Romans 8:11,2 3,29; 1 Joh n 3:2. 

304 That is, by using formal verification for their mental programs. See Refs. 

305 See 2 Peter 3:13; Revelation 21:1; cf. Isaiah 65:17; 66:22. 

306 See Sec. 3.1 for the physical details of that. 



117 



236 



237 



online for these Heavenly beings to begin perfectly emulating the entire multiverse 
from its start at the Big Bang, thereby resurrecting everyone who has ever lived. 

But even this is just the beginning. Along with those who took part in the First 
Resurrection, the people who are granted Paradise during the Second Resurrection — 
i.e., the universal resurrection of the dead — will have an infinite future of beatitude. As 
their computational resources diverge to infinity, they will grow and advance without 
limit. Their intellects, knowledge and joy will increase without bound. Yet no matter 
how advanced they become, they will always have infinitely more to look forward 
to in their future. The indescribable ecstasy which they will experience will merely 
be a prelude to pleasures strata beyond what even they can imagine. For them there 
will always be more to discover and learn, more love to experience, more to create. 
Because they have a finite past yet an infinite future, they will always be at the very 
beginning of their infinite journey into God. 

Marriage Is Not in Heaven: The principal useful functions that marriage serves are 
to help provide a stable environment for the raising of children and to help prevent 
the spread of sexually-transmitted diseases. When Heaven on Earth is established and 
hence mankind is thereby immortal, new consciousnesses can still be created, but 
the worldly problems and uncertainties that are particular to mortal sapience will no 
longer exist, and so the nascent beings who are raised up in the heavenly environments 
will have vastly more stable childhoods than is possible for mortal humans. As well, the 
pathogens which affect mortal humans will have no effect upon the immortal beings. 
Furthermore, the immortal beings can base their mental hardware and software on 
systems that have undergone formal verification (in which the hardware and software 
has been mathematically proven to be correct per a formal specification [236 237]), 



thereby making such mental systems secure against, e.g., the possibility of having a 
bug or catching a computer virus. Thus, the two main prongs of utility that marriage 
serves have no application to Heaven. 

Moreover, once humanity has become immortal by transforming the substrate of 
their brains into artificial computer hardware, bit-identical copies of a consciousness 
can easily be made. One reason for doing this is so that people can make backup copies 
of themselves. Another reason is that making such a copy may be needed in order 
to complete some physical undertaking, such as a self-transforming sapient starship 
made up of nanoassemblers splitting into two in order to simultaneously attend to 
spatially-separated tasks (and then perhaps later recombining if they wish) . But the 
fact that such bit-identical copies of consciousnesses can be made — and indeed, might 
even be necessary for particular purposes — creates insoluble problems for the concept 
of marriage as applied to immortal beings. For example, is the bit-identical copy of a 

118 



spouse still married? What if there are two copies of a husband, but only one copy of a 
wife (or any other non-matching set of copy numbers)? Must the two husbands share 
her, and if not, which copy is still married? If the copy occurs due to a nanoassembler- 
based machine splitting, then depending on how the split occurs it isn't necessarily 
even meaningful to say which is the original and which is the copy. 

What's more, with such computer-rendered people it will be possible for them to 
combine into a single consciousness, and then later to split again: of which split need 
not comprise (if they so choose) the same personalities that made up the supercon- 
sciousness, but instead can be a different mix of individuation. 

Additionally, such people in a computer-generated environment can reformulate 
their computer-rendered selves to be anything they want to be (so long as any such 
self-conception conforms to the Golden Rule, in keeping with the ethic that Christ 
commanded). Thus, such beings need not be any gender, or they can change gender at 
will. Yet the underlying physical hardware upon which their personhood is rendered 
will be neither male nor female, which is a peculiarity of eukaryotic biochemistry. 

What meaning could marriage hold in the heavenly realms, where security and 
stability will exist to a degree unknown to any mortal, where no disease will exist, 
where people can easily make perfectly exact copies of their consciousnesses, where 
a person can split into two or more people, where people can combine into one and 
then uncombine into whatever mix of personhood they wish, and where sex has no 
underlying physical basis? Thus, how very true indeed Yeshua Ha'Mashiach was being 
when He said, "For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, 
but are like angels of God in heaven.' 



307 



The End of Mortal Human History: Due to the rate of exponential technological 
growth which will soon lead to weapons powerful enough to destroy all life on Earth, 



the events spoken of by the Messiah regarding the End Time tribulation 308 are likely 
to start within the natural lifetime of most of those who are alive today. Jesus said that 
His message will be preached upon the whole Earth, after which the End Time will 



come 



309 



He stated that no one knows the day or hour of His return, but that the 



faithful will be able to recognize when the season of His coming is near. 



311 



There are many events described in Revelation which can only come true in a 



technologically-advanced world. I already spoke above in Section 8.2.2 regarding the 



307 Matthew 22:30, New King James Version. Cf. Matthew 22:23-33; Mark 12:18-27; Luke 20:27-40. 

308 See Matthew 24:1-25:46; Mark 13; Luke 21:5-36; Revelation. 

309 See Matthew 24:14; Mark 13:10. 

310 See Matthew 24:36; Mark 13:32; Acts 1:7. 

311 See Matthew 24:32,33; Mark 13:28,29. 



119 



body-marker for buying and selling. John of Patmos's passages of Revelation 11:9,10; 
13:14,15 are a good first-century person's description of television. John in Revela- 
tion 8:10-12 appears to describe a rocket missile shooting from the sky to the Earth, 



followed by many people dying from radiation sickness. 312 In Revelation 9:1,2, John 
gives another seeming description of a rocket missile shooting out of the sky and ex- 
ploding on the Earth. John even goes on in Revelation 9:3-11 to give what appears to 
be a first-century person's attempt to describe a fleet of manned helicopters spraying 
chemical crowd-dispersants. John states of the Beast government's False Prophet that 
"He performs great signs, so that he even makes fire come down from heaven on the 



earth in the sight of men.' 313 The technology now exists to produce a wide assortment 
of heavenly signs. For example, by using lasers beamed into clouds during overcast 
days or nights. Besides the technological events John appears to be relating, in what 
sounds like a natural disaster, in Revelation 8:8,9, John describes what he states is 
"something like" a mountain burning with fire hurling into the sea — in other words, a 
meteorite from an asteroid. 

When reading the Apocalypse, one should keep in mind that John had never seen 
anything like these sights before, and so simply used the likenesses of things with 
which he was familiar in order to describe such technologies and events. In addition 
to the literal imagery which John attempts to describe as best he can, he was also 
given purely symbolic metaphorical imagery in his vision — i.e., imagery which stands 



for something else — as one of the angels sent to John 314 explains to him in Revelation 
17. Regarding other relevant sources of apocalyptic prophecy, Jesus also cites the Book 
of Daniel as concerning the End Time. 



315 



Christianity and the Omega Point Cosmology: As I stated at the beginning of this 
section (viz., Section[9]), the cosmology proclaimed in the New Testament is none other 
than the Omega Point cosmology, which is a mathematically unavoidable result of the 



312 Interestingly, John states that the name of this "star", as he refers to it, is Wormwood. The Ukrainian 
city name of Chernobyl — the site of the worst nuclear power plant disaster to date, which occurred on 
April 26, 1986 — means Wormwood. Many people died from radiation poisoning due to the Chernobyl 
nuclear meltdown. Thus, the name "Chernobyl" has the association for many people today of nuclear 
disaster and radiation poisoning. 

313 Revelation 13:13, New King James Version. Cf. Revelation 13:14; 19:20; Matthew 24:24; Mark 
13:22; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-12. For more on the False Prophet, see Revelation 13:11-18; 16:13; 19:20; 
20:10. 

314 As explained in footnote 128 on p. 51 such an angelic vision by John would be a theopneusty if it 



is required in order to lead to the formation of the Omega Point, being caused by God (i.e., the Omega 
Point final singularity) imprinting the necessary brain states via the Principle of Least Action. 
315 See Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14. Cf. Daniel 11:31; 12:11; Revelation 11:1,2. 



120 



known laws of physics — i.e., the Second Law of Thermodynamics, General Relativity, 
and Quantum Mechanics — which have been confirmed by every experiment to date 



316 



Furthermore, we now have the quantum gravity Theory of Everything (toe) correctly 
describing and unifying all the forces in physics: of which itself is required by the 
aforesaid known laws of physics and which also inherently produces the Omega Point 



cosmology. For the details on that, see Section 3.2 "The Omega Point and the Quantum 
Gravity Theory of Everything". 



I pointed out in the Glossary entry ' miracle ' that traditional Christian theology 



has maintained that God never violates natural law, since God knew in the beginning 
everything that He wanted to achieve and so formed His laws of physics in order to 
accomplish His goal. The Omega Point cosmology shows that this traditional position 
of Christian theology is correct. 

In addition to the above examples given in this Section [9j particularly see also 



Section [7JJ "The Haecceities of God" and Section \73} "The Trinity of God" of this 
article for other fundamental congruities with the cosmology described in the New 
Testament and the Omega Point cosmology. 

The consilience of Christianity with physics has been uncovered: the underlying 
unity of knowledge encompasses them both. Existence has a point, a raison d'etre: 
the Omega Point — the technical physics term for God the Father. Where the universe 
ultimately goes from here is a destination I'll let Max Planck provide the answer to: 



"'On to God!" 317 



Appendices 

A The Bekenstein Bound 

A. 1 A Description of the Bekenstein Bound 



The Bekenstein Bound is the fundamental upper limit on the entropy S, or the infor- 
mation J, or the number of possible quantum states N, that can be contained within 
a given finite region of space which has a finite amount of energy — or conversely, the 



316 By this it is of course meant when the data are correct and validly accounted for, as there have been 
many erroneous claims over the decades of experimental violation of these physical laws which later 
get over turne d by more careful analysis. 

317 Ref. 



340 



p. 187 of "Religion and Natural Science", a lecture Planck gave in May 1937, pp. 151-187. 



Italics in the original. 



121 



maximum amount of information required to perfectly describe such a given finite 



physical system down to the quantum level [22-36 38 372 489 490]. The Beken 



stein Bound is a relativistic version of the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, expressed 
in the language of information theory, and is a consequence of the basic postulates of 
quantum field theory' 



Jacob Bekenstein [27 



318 



The universal form of the Bound was originally derived by 



41 42 ] as the non-strict inequality 



S< 



2nRE 



he 



CE 
Jte' 



(2) 



where S is the entropy in nats. 



319 



R is the radius in meters of a sphere that can enclose 
the given system, E is the total mass-energy of the system in joules, h is the reduced 
Planck constant (i.e., the Dirac constant), and c is the speed of light in meters per 
second. The capital C on the right-hand side of the equation is the circumference of a 
sphere in meters that can enclose the given system, since what the Bekenstein Bound 
is really asking for — with the 2n coefficient multiplying the radius — is the circumfer- 
ence. 320 If entropy in the more common units used by chemists is desired (i.e., the SI 
unit for entropy S of joules per kelvin, J/K), then the above is multiplied by Boltz- 
mann's constant k S 1.3806504 x 10" 23 J/K. In natural units (i.e., Planck units), the 
Bound is 



S < 2nRE = CE, 



(3) 



where R is the radius and C is the circumference, both in Planck length L pl = yhG/c 3 ; 

and E is the total mass-energy in Planck energy £ pl = \/hc 5 /G. 
In informational terms, the Bound is given by 

2nRE CE 



I < 



(4) 



hc\n2 hcki2' 

where J is the information expressed in number of bits contained in the quantum states 
in the sphere. The In 2 factor comes from defining the information as the logarithm 



Refs. |435[ App. C: "The Bekenstein Bound", pp. 407-411; and |445| p. 899 of the Rep. Prog. Phys 



version. 

319 0ne unit of entropy S expressed in nats is equal to 1/ ln2 units of information / in bits, where ln2 
is the natural logarithm of 2. That is, there are fv 1.442695 bits per nat. The information / in bits relates 
to the number of possible quantum states JV by the equation / = log 2 JV, where log 2 is the logarithm to 
the base 2. That is, i" = InJV/ In 2, and therefore the inverse is JV = 2 1 . The number of possible quantum 
states N equals entropy S in nats by the equation S = InJV, and thus the inverse is JV = e s , where e is 
Euler's number of fa 2.7182818 (i.e., the base of the natural logarithm). 

320 It would also make more sense to stop thinking of n = C/D w 3.1415927 (the ratio of a 
circle's circumference to its diameter) as being the fundamental circle constant, since it's actually 
2n = C/R w 6.2831853 (the ratio of a circle's circumference to its radius) that is more fundamen- 



tal within mathematics and physics. For details on this, see Refs. 1175 324 



122 



to the base 2 of the number of quantum states [445]. The right-hand side of the 
foregoing relation is approximately equal to 2.5769087 x 10 43 x (mass in kilograms) x 
(radius in meters). 

Interestingly, black holes completely saturate the Bekenstein Bound (wherein the 
Bound becomes an equality [43]): 



A n C 2 

'black hole - ^ 4?r 



= - = tzR 2 = — = CE, (5) 



where A is the surface area of a black hole's trapped surface measured in units of 
Planck area L pl 2 = hG/c 3 ; and R in the second equality is the radius of a Schwarzschild 
black hole (i.e., a static black hole with no charge) in units of Planck length. The 
second through fourth equalities assume a Schwarzschild black hole (or, alternatively, 



a Reissner-Nordstrom black hole [35 ]), since other types of black holes (i.e., the Kerr, 
and Kerr-Newman, black holes) aren't completely spherical. 

Bekenstein obtained the Bound by showing that if a physical system exists which 
violates the Bound then the Second Law of Thermodynamics would be violated by 
lowering that system into a black hole. In 1995, Ted Jacobson [215] demonstrated 
that the Einstein field equations (i.e., General Relativity) can be derived by assuming 
that the Bekenstein Bound and the laws of thermodynamics are true. However, while 
a number of arguments have been devised which show that the Bound must exist in 
order for the laws of thermodynamics and General Relativity to be mutually consis- 
tent, there has been debate between whether Bekenstein's original formulation of the 
Bound or its area formulation is the correct form [37, 39-42J 64-68 445 ], which is 
discussed further in the next subsection. 

A. 2 The Bekenstein Bound and the Ultimate Future of the Universe 

Though a Schwarzschild black hole saturates the Bekenstein Bound, this is due to 
such a black hole's entropy being the maximum possible for a given amount of energy 
and circumscribing sphere. And since a black hole's surface area scales with its energy 
content (i.e., its mass) — the Schwarzschild radius being R = 2M, and its inverse being 
M = R/2, with radius R and mass M in Planck units of length and mass, respectively — 
it's not possible to increase the energy content of a black hole without also increasing 
its surface area. Yet, if one were to increase the energy content per a given spatial 
region beyond that of a black hole, it would be possible to increase that spatial region's 
entropy to surpass that of a black hole (as recall from non-strict inequalities Nos. [2]-|4] 
that the Bekenstein Bound is a product of spatial region and energy). Such an increase 



123 



of energy for a given spatial region exceeding that of a black hole occurs during the 
universe's collapse into the Omega Point final singularity. 

Sometimes a form of the Bekenstein Bound is given as S < A/4, where A is the 
surface area in units of Planck area that encloses a spatial region, based upon the 
assumption that the energy content per spatial region cannot exceed that of a black 
hole []64{]. But this is implicitly introducing an assumption about the ultimate future 
of the universe. In formulating a theory, one should make one's assumptions explicit, 
so that they can be explicitly analyzed. 

Regarding proposed solutions to the black hole information issue, all except for 
Tipler's Omega Point cosmology share the common feature of using proposed new 
laws of physics that have never been experimentally confirmed — and indeed which 



violate the known laws of physics — such as with Prof. Stephen Hawking's paper [189] 
on the black hole information issue which is dependent on the conjectured String 
Theory-based anti-de Sitter space/conformal field theory correspondence (AdS/CFT 
correspondence). Hence, the end of the universe in finite proper time via collapse 
before a black hole completely evaporates is required if lunitarityl is to remain unvio- 



lated, i.e., if General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics — which are what the proofs 



of Hawking radiation [183 184 186, 330, 462] derive from — are true statements of 
how the world works. 

It's known that the Bekenstein Bound is required if General Relativity and the 



Second Law of Thermodynamics are to be mutually consistent (see Appendix A.l). 
There's been debate as to the proper form of the Bound (i.e., between the area form 
of the Bound, and Bekenstein's original energy times radius form of the Bound), but 
unitarity and the Second Law of Thermodynamics themselves select which form of the 
Bound is correct as applied to the latter universe's collapse, because if the area form of 
the Bound were correct in this situation then this gives a direct violation of the Second 
Law, as then the universe's entropy must decrease as the radius of the universe goes 
to zero. So if the area form of the Bound were correct in this situation, then we either 
preserve the Second Law by not having the universe end in collapse, in which case 
unitarity is violated; or we preserve unitarity by having the universe end in collapse in 
finite proper time, in which case the Second Law is violated. 

So logically this means that the energy times radius form of the Bekenstein Bound 
is the correct form to apply to the latter universe's collapse. Yet, since the radius of 
the universe is collapsing to zero, energy must grow at a greater rate than the radius 
going to zero, otherwise this gives a direct violation of the Second Law of Thermo- 
dynamics, for then entropy would be decreasing. But the only way for the energy to 
grow faster than the radius of the universe going to zero is for event horizons to be 
eliminated (which generates gravitational shear energy much faster than the radius 



124 



going to zero), thereby allowing entropy to grow as opposed to decrease, per the 



322 



energy times radius form of the Bekenstein Bound. 

Yet this is by definition the Omega Point cosmology for by eliminating event hori- 
zons the universe is forced to end in a solitary-point final singularity called the Omega 
Point. 

The foregoing is all that is required to derive the logical necessity of the Omega 
Point cosmology if the Second Law of Thermodynamics, General Relativity, and Quan- 
tum Mechanics are true statements of how the world works P^ These three known 
laws of physics, if they are correct, logically require the Omega Point cosmology. 

In Tipler's derivation of this proof, he also notes how an Omega Point final state 
is of measure zero in initial data space; how the final collapse is chaotic; and how a 
chaotic physical system is likely to evolve into a measure zero state if and only if its 
control parameters are intelligently manipulated (in this case, the universe's collapse 
trajectories being intelligently guided). But this part of the proof logically derives in- 
telligence growing without bound going into the final single-point singularity — it is 
not itself required in order to prove that the Second Law of Thermodynamics, Gen- 
eral Relativity, and Quantum Mechanics logically require the Omega Point cosmology. 
But it is astonishing icing on the cake, i.e., in how the laws of physics work together 
as a mutually-consistent and mutually-reinforcing unity. And it further reinforces that 
the Omega Point cosmology — and hence, the known laws of physics — is correct, as 
we would not expect the known laws of physics to mesh so perfectly together in but- 
tressing the reality of the Omega Point cosmology if it were incorrect. In the case of 
event horizon elimination, this is a two-for-one special: event horizon elimination is 
necessary in order to allow communication (and hence life) to continue, but as an 
automatic consequence the energy available to life diverges to infinity. Not only does 
this dovetailing of fundamental physics that allows for the Omega Point cosmology 
concern the aforesaid details, but numerous others as well, such as particle energy 
levels automatically scaling as the universe collapses, thereby allowing life to encode 
its mental processes all the way into the final singularity. 



Additionally, per Seifert's Theorem [378], the absence of event horizons means that the universe is 



spatially a closed manifold. On this Theorem, see also Refs. 435 p. 435 ff.; and 443 p. 145 of the Int. 
J. Astrobio. version or p. 6 of the arXiv version. 
322 Tipler gives a number of additional arguments for why Bekenstein's original formulation of the 



Bound is the correct form. See Ref. 445 in particular the paragraph beginning with "A few points ..." on 
p. 903 of the Rep. Prog. Phys. version or p. 9 of the arXiv version, and the discussions on the Bekenstein 
Bound that follow throughout the paper. 



323 ( 



See Ref. 445 for fuller details, particularly pp. 925 and 904-905. 



125 



A. 3 An Example of the Bekenstein Bound 

Given an average US human adult male weight of 88.3 kilograms and height of 1.763 
such a person can be enclosed in a sphere of radius 0.8815 meters (i.e., a 



meters 



324 



radius of half the person's height). Given the mass-energy equivalence of Mc = E 



in the International System of Units a mass of 88.3 kilograms x 299792458 2 (i.e., 
the number of meters per second at light-speed squared) = 7936008228246099761.2 



joules of energy. The 2006 Codata recommended value 326 for the reduced Planck con- 
stant h is 1.054571628 x 10~ 34 joule-seconds (here ignoring the slight measurement 
uncertainty of ± 5.3 x 10" 42 ). 

Putting these numbers into the Bekenstein Bound, we get 

2tt(0.8815)(7936008228246099761.2) 
4uman < 52 ~ S 2.0057742 x 10 45 , (6) 



for the result that the maximum number of bits to perfectly recreate the average-sized 
US human adult male down to the quantum level on a computer is ph 2.0057742 x 10 45 



bits of information, or & 2.5072178 x 10 38 megabytes. 327 In the case of humans, the 
actual number of bits that can be encoded by their bodies is far less than this (as with 
other familiar forms of matter), as this is the upper bound, which is only saturated by 
Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstrom black holes. 

A.4 The Bekenstein Bound and Artificial Intelligence 



In Appendix A.3 above, it was shown from the Bekenstein Bound that an average- 
sized US human adult male requires at most fa 2.0057742 x 10 45 bits to be perfectly 
emulated down to the quantum level on a computer. Thus, the Bekenstein Bound is a 
refutation of vitalism, which is the position that Artificial Intelligence is not possible 
because there is something about the human mind which makes it unsubject to de- 
scription by physics, such as advanced by physicists Roger Penrose and George Ellis 



328 



324 



Ref. 



282 



pp. 9 and 15. 



325 Which is M = E in natural units (i.e., Planck units) wherein the speed of light c is normalized to 1. 
Hence t he ter m mass-energy equivalence. 
326 Ref. |297[ Table 50, p. 95 of the arXiv version; Table XLIX, p. 709 of the Rev. Mod. Phys. version; 



and Table XLIX, p. 1263 of the J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data version. Codata stands for Committee on Data 
for Science and Technology, a committee of the International Council for Science. Codata is the world's 
principal organization that publishes recommended values for the fundamental physical constants. 

327 These two numbers are only as accurate as the mass figure of 88.3 kg. But if we were to take the 
mass of 88.3 kg and length of 1.763 m as being exact, then all eight digits in the preceding two figures 
would be significant digits. 

328 See Ref. |435| Ch. 2, Sec: "Can a Machine Be Intelligent?", pp. 30-34. 

126 



The Bekenstein Bound is a proof according to the known laws of physics that a human 
being is a finite-state machine and nothing but a finite-state machine. 



329 



B Biography of Frank J. Tipler 



Frank Jennings Tipler III (born February 1, 1947 in Andalusia, Alabama) [331] is a 



mathematical physicist and a professor in the departments of Mathematics and Physics 
(joint appointment) at Tulane University in New Orleans, Louisiana [448]. 

Tipler received his Bachelor of Science degree in physics [422] in 1969 at the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (attending from 1965-1969) []448[] . In 1976 



Tipler obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Maryland, College Park (attending 
from 1969-1976) in the field of Global General Relativity (the same rarefied field that 
Roger Penrose and Stephen Hawking developed) for his proof Q423[ ], using the global- 
relativistic techniques of Penrose and Hawking, that if a time machine could be created 
its use would necessarily result in the formation of singularities, consequently making 
time-travel into the past impossible. 330 Tipler went on to be hired as a postdoctoral 
researcher by physicists John A. Wheeler, Abraham Taub, Rainer Sachs and Dennis 
Sciama. Tipler became Professor of Mathematical Physics in 1981 at Tulane University, 
where he has taught since. 

In addition to being an expert in Global General Relativity, Tipler is also an expert 
in quantum field theory (i.e., Quantum Mechanics combined with special-relativistic 
particle physics) and computer theory. His Omega Point cosmology has been peer- 
reviewed and published in a number of prestigious physics and science journals, such 



as Reports on Progress in Physics [445 ] (the leading journal of the Institute of Physics, 



Britain's main professional organization for physicists), Monthly Notices of the Royal 



Astronomical Society [438] (one of the world's leading astrophysics journals), Physics 



Letters [433], the International Journal of Theoretical Physics [426] (a journal Richard 



Feynman also published in during the 1980s [137]), etc. 

Prof. John A. Wheeler (the physicist who gave black holes their name and the 
father of most relativity research in the US) wrote that "Frank Tipler is widely known 
for important concepts and theorems in general relativity and gravitation physics" on 
p. viii in his "Foreword" to The Anthropic Cosmological Principle [13] by cosmologist 
John D. Barrow and Tipler, which was the first book wherein Tipler's Omega Point 
Theory was described. On p. ix of his foreword, Wheeler wrote that Chapter 10 of the 
book, which concerns the Omega Point Theory, 



329 However, hu man free w ill is still physically allowed. See Ref. 
330 See also Refs. 424 425 pertaining to this proof. 



435 



Ch. 7 for details on this. 



127 



rivals in thought-provoking power any of the other [ chapters]. It discusses the 
idea that intelligent life will some day spread itself so thoroughly throughout all 
space that it will 'begin to transform and continue to transform the universe on a 
cosmological scale', thus making it possible to transmit 'the values of humankind 
... to an arbitrarily distant futurity ... an Omega Point ... [at which] life will 
have gained control of all matter and forces . . . '. 



C Biography of the Author 

Born in Austin, Texas and raised in the Leander, Texas hill country, James Redford is 
a born-again Christian who was converted from atheism by a direct revelation from 
Jesus Christ. He is a scientific rationalist who concludes that the Omega Point (i.e., 
the physicists' technical term for God) and the Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum 
gravity/Standard Model Theory of Everything (toe) are an unavoidable result of the 
known laws of physics. His website is the following: 

• Theophysics: God Is the Ultimate Physicist <http://theophysics.host56.com>, <http:// 



theophysics.freevar.com >, <http://theophysics.ifastnet.com> 



D Additional Resources 

Learning More About the Omega Point Cosmology: Currently the best source to 
learn more about the physics of God is Prof. Frank J. Tipler's book The Physics of Im- 



mortality: Modern Cosmology, God and the Resurrection of the Dead [435 ], published in 
1994. Bear in mind that this book was written before the Omega Point cosmology was 
formulated as a mathematical theorem per the known laws of physics (i.e., the Second 
Law of Thermodynamics, General Relativity, and Quantum Mechanics). After reading 
that book, one should read Tipler's 2007 book The Physics of Christianity [ ]447[ ] , which 
gives an update to his 1994 book regarding the Omega Point cosmology now being 
a mathematical theorem per the known physical laws, and which is written more for 
a popular audience than is his 1994 book. This latter book additionally concerns the 
Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity/Standard Model Theory of Everything 
(toe), which is also a newer development. 

Free Books and Educational Resources: Many books are available over the internet 
for free, including on mathematics, physics, economics and theology, such as at the In- 
ternet Archive <http://archive.org>, Google Books <http://books.google.com>, the 

128 



Universal Digital Library <http://ulib.org>, the Ludwig von Mises Institute <http:// 
mise s.org"j >, and the Online Library of Liberty <http://oll.libertyfund.org>. One of the 



best formats for scanned books is DjVu, of which format has a free and open source 
reader for it named DjView, which is part of DjVuLibre. 

Free online biblical resources include BibleGateway.com <http:/ /bible gate way 



.com>, Biblos.com <http://biblos.com>, and Bible Verse Finder <http://bibref 



.hebtools.com>. 



Useful free online lexicographical resources include OneLook Dictionary Search 
<http://onelook.com>, Thesaurus.com <http://thesaurus.com>, and the Histor- 
ical Thesaurus of English <http://libra.englang.arts.gla.ac.uk/historicalthesaurus/ 
menul.html>. 

Khan Academy <http://khanacademy.org> offers free video lectures and a so- 
phisticated exercise (quiz) interface at its website on a number of subjects such as 
mathematics and science. 

Free Mathematical Software: Some free and open source Computer Algebra Sys- 
tems (cas) available for download over the internet include Maxima, Reduce, 
OpenAxiom, Pari/GP, Sage, and Yacas. Such systems can perform symbolic compu- 
tations, arithmetic, series operations (e.g., summations and products), calculus oper- 
ations, and more. Most such systems can also create graphs of functions (i.e., plots). 
These systems can perform arbitrary-precision calculations with integers and floating- 
point numbers (e.g., the significand of floating-point numbers can be precise to mil- 
lions of digits on 32-bit computers, and billions of digits on 64-bit machines). See 
also the Metamath website <http://metamath.org>, which uses free and open source 
software that can be downloaded; and see the free book on Metamath [288]. 

Currently the best general-purpose computer-programming language for mathe- 
matics, in the sense of its amenability toward formal proofs [236} 237], is Haskell, 



which is a purely functional programing language with lazy evaluation, and it features 
arbitrary-precision integer arithmetic. It is also free and open source. 

This Document's Source Files: The LaTeX source code and other files used for this 
article are contained in a Zip compressed archive file embedded in the PDF file version 
of this document, which is accessible if one's PDF viewer supports such file attach- 
ments. For that, click on its following filename: Redford-Physics-of-God.zip (typically 
savable via a right-button mouse click) . 

This article's LaTeX source code can be helpful for one to learn how to write in 
LaTeX (in addition to the usual LaTeX reference works which are available for free 
online) . Indeed, if one wishes one can start with it as a template for one's own writings. 

129 



Looking at the LaTeX/TeX source files on the arXiv can also be helpful in learning 
how to format equations — as well, looking at the source of online wikis which use 
LaTeX (typically available through the wikis' "Edit" function) can also be helpful in 
this regard. 

Mathematical Formalization of Artificial Intelligence: For the mathematical rela- 
tionship between Artificial Intelligence vis-a-vis data compression and Friar William of 



Ockham's epistemic razor, see References 205-207 and Reference 264 Section 1.4: 



"Compression is an Artificial Intelligence Problem". 



Glossary 



3-sphere three-sphere; S A sphere with four spatial dimensions. It has a surface of three 



spatial dimensions, which is where it gets its name, so-named by topologists. Sometimes 
referred to as a 4-sphere by geometers, after its four total spatial dimensions. 

In a spatial topology of S 3 one could see the back of one's own head by looking 
forward were it not for event horizons or perceptual limitations due to distance. In such 
a spatial topology, the 3-dimensional space that we live in is unbounded yet compact — 
what is called a closed manifold. "[Ujnbounded" here meaning that there are no walls 
or edges that one can run into; and "compact" meaning that the space is finite in extent, 
i.e., finite in volume, in the case of the 3-sphere. 

The surface of the familiar sphere (i.e., the 2-sphere; S 2 ) is another example of 
a closed manifold, i.e., a compact manifold without boundary The surface area of a 
common sphere is finite, yet in two dimensions it has no boundary: one can go all 
around its surface and never come to a wall or edge. 

In the same way that the common 2-sphere can be constructed as a stack of circu- 
lar cross-sections (i.e., planar slices) that start as a point, expand to the diameter of 
the sphere, and then shrink to another point, the 3-sphere is a series of 2-sphere cross- 
sections sliced with a 3-space hyperplane (a hyperplane is a plane generalized to dimen- 
sions higher than the familiar 2-space plane). (For computer-animated visualizations of 



the 3-sphere using stereographic projection, see Ch. 4 of Ref. 257 ) 17 135 



Bekenstein Bound the fundamental upper limit on the amount of information (i.e., bits) re- 
quired to perfectly describe a given physical system contained within a finite region of 
space which has a finite amount of energy. For more details on the Bekenstein Bound, 
see Appendix JA[ [13] [24 



entropy a measure of information; also, a measure (given a particular conversion factor) of 
possible quantum states a given system can be in. In the International System of Units 



130 



(SI), entropy is given in units of joules per kelvin (J/K). The conversion factor for en- 
tropy in the natural units of nats (i.e., the form of entropy units often used by theoretical 
physicists, from having normalized Boltzmann's constant to 1) into information in bits is 
I — S/ln2, where I is information in bits, S is entropy, and In 2 is the natural logarithm 
of 2. For the more common form of entropy units used by chemists (the SI unit of en- 
tropy of J/K), the conversion factor is I — S/(ln2 x k), where k is Boltzmann's constant 
of % 1.3806504 x 10" 23 J/K. 

The Second Law of Thermodynamics requires the entropy of the universe to increase 
or stay the same. In other words, it requires the number of bits of information of the 
universe to increase or stay the same, i.e., the information measure of the universe can 
never decrease. 

Heat Death is a related topic. One can have Heat Death with low entropy or with 
high entropy. What Heat Death means is a state where everything has become the same 
temperature, and hence no more work can be performed (since all work is possible 
due to there being a temperature differential). If no work can be performed, then no 
processed bits can be stored (since work is required in order to record processed bits), 
and hence no consciousness can exist. 

Heat Death represents the maximum amount of entropy a system with a given 
amount of energy and spatial size can obtain. That is, given a system with a fixed amount 
of energy and spatial size, the maximum amount of entropy it can obtain would also be 
its Heat Death. But this could still be a very low amount of entropy compared to a dif- 
ferent system with a greater amount of energy and spatial size which is not at maximum 
entropy yet which also has a much greater amount of entropy. 

And so entropy increasing, in and of itself, says nothing about Heat Death. Indeed, 



due to the Quantum Recurrence Theorem the only way life can continue going on 



forever is for entropy to diverge to infinity (or for it to already be at infinity) : if the 
amount of entropy were finitely bounded, then eventually quantum states would start 



to repeat, meaning that only a finite number of experiences could occur. 13 121 133 



haecceity an attribute that uniquely identifies a thing, i.e., a property which differentiates a 
thing from all other things that are not that thing; the quiddity of a thing. Everything 
(objects [including persons], locations, actions, ideas, etc.) has at least one haecceity, 
although things can have more than one haecceity. If two or more different things share 
the same property, then that property is not a haecceity. A good definition should iden- 
tify at least one haecceity of the thing being defined, otherwise (1) the definition given 
doesn't actually state what it is that makes the thing being defined what it is as opposed 
to something that is different than that thing, and (2) the definition given is not unique 
to that thing in that it would also apply to other things that are not that thing. In other 
words, a "definition" that fails to identify a haecceity isn't actually a definition, since it 
doesn't define the thing; it may be a description, but a description isn't necessarily defini- 



131 



tive, e.g., saying that a sphere has a curved surface is a description but not a definition of 
a sphere. 

As a corollary, a thing is by definition the thing which its haecceity (or haecceities) 
defines. Consequently, if there arises a dispute over whether or not a thing actually is the 
thing referred to by a word (or a multi-word term) , one must look for the haecceity (or 
haecceities) given by the word's definition. (And of course, by "the word's definition" 
I mean the definition of the thing referred to by the word, i.e., the word's meaning, as 
opposed to how the word is spelled, pronounced and its history — though the etymology 
of a word can sometimes be helpful in shedding light on its meaning. In linguistics and 
analytic philosophy, this difference is called the "use/mention distinction".) If a thing 
has even a single haecceity given by the word's definition, then by definition that thing 
is the thing to which the word refers, as the haecceity (or haecceities) uniquely defines a 
thing. [TJEHH 



hyperbolic growth rate a process which has an output variable that goes to infinity as an 
input variable is varied a finite interval. Contrast this with an exponential growth rate, 
which always remains finite given a variation of a finite interval for its input variable. 
The reciprocal function (i.e., the multiplicative inverse), 1/x, is an example of a function 
which features a hyperbolic growth rate: because lim x \^ - = +00, which means that 

the limit of the function - as x > goes to is positive infinity. The function 1/(1 — x) 
also has a hyperbolic growth rate: lim x y 1 — — = +00. Hyperbolic growth is so-named 
because when the reciprocal function is graphed it forms a hyperbola. [4] 

miracle traditional Christian theology has maintained that God never violates natural law, 
as God, in His omniscience, knew in the beginning all that He wanted to achieve and 
so, in His omnipotence, He formed the laws of physics in order to achieve His goal. 
The idea that God would violate His own laws would mean that God is not omniscient. 
In traditional Christian theology, miracles do not violate natural law — rather, they are 
events which are so improbable that they can only be explained by the existence of God 
and His acting in the world. As Augustine of Hippo wrote concerning miracles [7, Book 
21, Ch. 8], 

For we say that all portents are contrary to nature; but they are not so. For how is 
that contrary to nature which happens by the will of God, since the will of so mighty 
a Creator is certainly the nature of each created thing? A portent, therefore, happens 
not contrary to nature, but contrary to what we know as nature. 

That is, traditional Christian theology has maintained that if we had the ultimate 
physical law, then we would be able to explain how God's existence and His mira- 



cles are possible [cf. Romans 1:19,20; 419 1st Part, Question 2, Arts. 2-3]. Accord 



ing to the known laws of physics, we now have that ultimate physical law, the Omega 



132 



Point/Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity/Standard Model Theory of Every- 
thing (toe) correctly describing and unifying all the forces in physics, and so we are 
now able to explain God's existence and His miracles. Within the Omega Point cosmol- 
ogy, miracles are physically allowed via the Principle of Least Action, as the universe is 
logically forced by the known laws of physics (i.e., the Second Law of Thermodynamics, 
General Relativity, and Quantum Mechanics) to evolve into the Omega Point final singu- 
larity, and so any event which is required in order for this evolutionary process to occur 
is certain to occur. Thus, a miracle within the known laws of physics is an event which 
is so improbable that it can only be rationally explained due to the end-state that said 
physical laws require the universe evolve to. 



The English word miracle etymologically means "object of wonder" [386]. The Old 
Testament words translated as miracle are in the original Hebrew [ ]402[ ]: oth (mx), 
"sign", "token"; mopheth (riBIS), "sign", "wonder"; and pala (N*73), "marvelous", "won- 
drous". The New Testament words translated as miracle are in the original Greek 



[402]: dunamis (Suvapn;), "power", "mighty work"; semeion (ar^eiov), "sign"; and teras 
(xepat;), "wonder". So the meaning of these words in their Biblical context has nothing 
to do with violating natural law. [I] [8} [28] [37} [45] [121 



proper time roughly speaking, the time measured by atomic clocks. [4 17 



Quantum Recurrence Theorem a theorem in Quantum Mechanics [62j 196 320 337 338 



377] which requires a finitely-bounded quantum state to eventually start repeating after 



a finite number of different states, i.e., if the entropy (i.e., informational complexity) of 



a system is finitely-bounded then it will eventually start repeating. (It is the quantum- 
mechanical version of the Poincare Recurrence Theorem. The Poincare Recurrence Theo- 
rem applies to classical mechanics, i.e., to continuous [as opposed to discrete] systems.) 
In outline it is conceptually easy to understand by considering the simple example of 
two bits, which have 2 2 possible different states: once these four different states are 
exhausted, this system will start repeating previous states. As a consequence this means 
that life can only have an infinite lifespan if the universe's entropy diverges to infinity (or 
if the universe's entropy is already at infinity), otherwise experiences will start repeat- 
ing after finite time instead of new experiences occurring (a la the Eternal Return). (For 



more on the Quantum Recurrence Theorem, see Ref. 435 pp. 97-101 and 424-427.) 

E3IB1EH] 



supernatural a descriptor for a thing to which no possible laws of physics can be applied. In 



the sense used here [386], "supernatural" does not mean unnatural, nor does it mean 
that it violates natural law — just as "superintelligent" does not mean unintelligent. 

The cosmological singularity is quite literally supernatural, and it is the only super- 
natural entity that exists. While although no possible laws of physics can apply to the 
singularity, this does not mean that the singularity violates the laws of physics, as indeed 



133 



the known laws of physics logically require the cosmological singularity to exist. Infinity 
doesn't violate arithmetic. Rather, arithmetic doesn't apply to infinity as infinity is not a 
number on the real line M, which is the open interval (—00, +00); or to be more exact- 
ing, some arithmetical procedures can be applied to infinities [21 78 p. 3], but not in 
a way that is useful for deriving physical results (e.g., 00 — 172.9 is still infinity). This is 
the precise reason why no laws of physics can apply to the singularity: because physical 
values are at infinity at the singularity, and hence arithmetic cannot be usefully applied 
to any physics equations involving those physical values. Yet the singularity does not 
violate the laws of physics. Rather, no physical law can apply to the singularity. 

The foregoing uses physical law in the conventional sense to mean laws of nature 
confirmed through experimentation. While although no such laws can apply to the sin- 



gularity, logic itself still applies to the singularity. 29 



supertask an infinite number of events that occur in a finite time. As an example, a supertask 
which takes 1/2" (or equivalently 2~") units of time to perform its nth step completes 
an infinite number of steps in 1 unit of time: XI^=i ™ = ^> which is the infinite series 



-+-+-+— -I = 1.14 

2 4 8 16 ' 



unitarity a fundamental law of quantum mechanics requiring that the probabilities of all out- 
comes for a given event must sum to unity, i.e., to one. Thus, e.g., if members in a 
set of particles have the option of only going in two different directions in a particular 
event, direction x with 1/3 probability, and direction y with 2/3 probability, then this 
is a unitary outcome, since the probabilities of x + y occurring add up to 1. Another 
way of stating unitarity is that probability must be conserved, which requires that in- 
formation cannot be destroyed: because if information were destroyed there would be 
no way to preserve probabilities, since the outcomes of quantum states (and hence their 



probabilities) making up that information would also be destroyed. 12 111 124 



Acronyms 



CMBR cosmic microwave background radiation. 13 



QED Quantum Electrodynamics. 23 



SM Standard Model of particle physics. 18 23 



134 



List of Symbols 

= defined as.l 



right arrow, meaning the left-hand side "goes to" the right, as in a process that goes from 
one state to another. 



S d 3-sphere 13 130 



Bibliography 

Information on the Bibliography: The text strings beginning with "doi:" are Dig- 
ital Object Identifiers (DOI), which are unique identifying strings of text that some 
publishers (often journal publishers) give for works published by them. They can 
be used in a similar way as URL website addresses, in that typically the abstract or 
sometimes the document itself can be looked up online by putting the string follow- 
ing the "doi:" after the addresses <http://dx.doi.org/>, <http://hdl.handle.net/>, 
or <http://hdl.loc.gov/>. For example, if one has the DOI doi:10. 1088/0034-4885/ 



68/4/R04, one would form the URL <http://dx.doi.Org/10.1088/0034-4885/68/4/ 



R04>. 

Bibcodes (short for bibliographic codes) are unique identifying strings of text that 
reference entries in the online database of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory 
(SAO) /National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Nasa) Astrophysics Data Sys- 
tem (ADS). The ADS contains bibliographic information for works relating to physics, 
and it usually contains abstracts for the publications. It also sometimes contains the 
full article for free in PDF and Gif formats. The online bibcode entry can be looked up 
by appending the bibcode string at the end of one of the ADS mirrors, such as <http:// 
adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/>, or <http://ukads.nottingham.ac.uk/abs/>. Thus, bib- 



code: 2005RPPh...68..897T would become the URL <http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/ 



2005RPP hT;.68..897T| >. 

The strings of text beginning with "arXiv:" are unique identifiers to articles on 
the arXiv preprint archive, which contains papers on physics and mathematics avail- 
able for free. One can go to the online arXiv entry by adjoining the string after 
the "arXiv:" to one of the arXiv mirrors — e.g., <http://arxiv.org/abs/>, or <http:// 



xxx.lanl.gov/abs/ > — like so: arXiv:0704.3276 becomes the URL <http:// Jarxiv. org/ 



abs/0704.3276>. The European Organization for Nuclear Research (Cern) Document 
Server <http://cdsweb.cern.ch> also contains copies of arXiv articles; it uses a differ- 
ent URL format, but they are available through its search function. 

135 



If a URL has gone dead or its content has changed, one can check the In- 
ternet Archive's Wayback Machine at <http://www.archive.org/web/web.php> and 
<http://www.bibalex.org/isis/frontend/archive/archive_web.aspx> to see if they 
have archived a URL's content. 

The text strings starting with "WebCite:" are to the WebCite archive, which al- 
lows individuals to archive the content of a URL. One can look up the archived con- 



tent by subjoining the string following the "WebCite:" to <http://webcitation.org/>. 



For instance, WebCite: 5nx3CxKmO would become the URL <http://webcitation.org/ 
5nx3CxKmO>. 

One can also query WebCite at <http://webcitation.org/query> to see if someone 
has already archived a URL's content. 

Note that an archived webpage can sometimes break out of WebCite's frame. If 
one wishes to prevent this so that one can see the originating URL and the date it was 
archived, then one can attempt this by turning off JavaScript in one's web-browser. 
Alternatively, one can use a website downloader or check the cache of one's browser 
in order to locate the source file of WebCite's frame so as to inspect its source code to 
find the archival information. 

Sometimes WebCite either goes offline or is temporarily unable to return the 
archived content. If the latter occurs while yet still presenting the WebCite webpage 
frame containing the archival information, then one can try the URL presented to see 
if the resource is still at the originating URL. Alternatively, even if the originating URL 
has gone dead or no longer contains the referenced content, one can sometimes use 
the information presented in the text of the URL itself in order to help locate a re- 
source via a web-search. And of course one can try the URL in the Internet Archive's 
Wayback Machine. 

The Google URL Shortener service at <http://goo.gl> is used instead of using 
the original URLs because URLs can often be very long and hence unwieldy for a 
bibliography designed to present its information in a printable form. One can obtain 
the original URL by appending a "+" character at the end of the respective <http:// 
goo.gl> URL. For example, one can take the shortened URL <http://goo.gl/aKHlf> 
to form <http://goo.gl/aKHlf-l-> in order to view the originating URL. 

The International Standard Book Numbers (ISBN) can be looked up on the World- 
Cat website by attaching the ISBN number string to the end of the address <http:// 
worldcat.org/ISBN/>. Thus, e.g., ISBN 0385514247 becomes the URL <http:// 
worldcat.org/ISBN/0385514247>. 

The Library of Congress Control Numbers (LCCN) can be looked up on the Library 
of Congress website by adding the LCCN number string to the end of the URL <http:// 



136 



lccn.loc.gov/ >. For instance, LCCN 2006039028 is turned into the address <http:// 



lccn.loc.gov/2006039028 > . 



The numbers at the end of the bibliographic entries are the page numbers of this 
article upon which the entries are cited. 

For online content, standard publication data — when available — are given, and so 
if all the above services fail then one can do web-searches in an attempt to locate 
a resource. Furthermore, the originating URLs are given in a file provided with the 
source code of the PDF file version of this article (see Appendix]!)} p. 129). 



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68024442, WebCite: 5vRjDLa70, <http://goo.gl/VltZO. 87 89 



[407] Antony C. Sutton, Western Technology and Soviet Economic Development, 1945 to 1965 
(Stanford, Cal.: Hoover Institution, 1973), Vol. 3 of 3, ISBN 08 17911316] LCCN 
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87 89 



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[411] Antony C. Sutton, America's Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of 



Skull & Bones (Billings, Mont.: Liberty House Press, 1986), ISBN 0937765023, LCCN 
89156509, WebCite: 5vS44DLRa, <http://goo.gl/IkZ6G>. 



87 89 



[412] Antony C. Sutton, The Best Enemy Money Can Buy (Billings, Mont.: Liberty House Press, 



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87 89 



[413] Antony C. Sutton, Trilaterals Over America (Boring, Oreg.: CPA Book Publishers, 1995), 



ISBN 094437932X, WebCite: 5vS3zpGel, <http://goo.gl/ZE6cv>. |87[[89 



[414] Cornelius Tacitus, b. 56-d. 117; English translation: Alfred John Church and William 
Jackson Brodribb, Annals of Tacitus: Translated into English with Notes and Maps 
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[416] A[braham]. H. Taub, "Empty Space-Times Admitting a Three Parameter Group of Mo- 
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1951AnMat..53..472T. Reprinted in General Relativity and Gravitation, Vol. 36, No. 12 
(Dec. 2004), pp. 2699-2719, doi:10.1023/B:GERG.0000048984.29896.12 , bibcode: 
2004GReGr..36.2699T; see also Ref.(262, [T5|[T63 



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[417] Gary Taubes, Nobel Dreams: Power, Deceit, and the Ultimate Experiment (New York: Ran- 
dom House, 1986), ISBN 039454 50361 LCCN |86010T 06, [104 



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The Phenomenon of Man (New York, NY: Harper Perennial Modern Thought, 2008; orig. 
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[419] Thomas Aquinas, Summa theologize. (1265-1274), English translation: Laurence Shap- 
cote of the Fathers of the English Dominican Province, revised by Daniel J. Sullivan, The 
Summa Theologica, LCCN 90222011 , Vols. 17-18 of Mortimer J. Adler, Clifton Fadiman 
and Philip W. Goetz (Eds.), Great Books of the Western World (Chicago, 111.: Encyclopae- 
dia Britannica, Inc., 2nd ed., 1990), 60 vols., ISBN 0852295316, LCCN 90080213 [30j 
232] 

[420] Dietrick E. Thomsen, "The Quantum Universe: A Zero-Point Fluctuation? From creation 
ex nihilo to the omega point, we're on a roller coaster we can't stop", Science News, 
Vol. 128, No. 5 (Aug. 3, 1985), pp. 72-74, bibcode: 1985Sci N328...72T| , WebCite: 
615pZuW7v, <http://goo.gl/Ybu3o. [6] 



[421] "The CIA: Mind-Bending Disclosures", Time, Aug. 15, 1977, WebCite: 5w3dYckw8 



<http://goo.gl/FPruL>. 89 



[422] Frank J. Tipler, Newtonian Theory and Gravitational Collapse, B.Sc. thesis at the Mas- 



sachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT; 1969). Supervisor: Philip Morrison. 127 



[423] Frank Jennings Tipler, Causality Violation in General Relativity, Ph.D. thesis at the Uni- 
versity of Maryland, College Park (1976), bibcode: 1976PhD lT 61T| . Doctoral advi- 
sor: Prof. Dieter R. Brill. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Vol. 37-06, Sec. B, 
p. 2923. Also available as Dissertation 76-29,018 from Xerox University Microfilms, Ann 
Arbor, Mich. [l27l[T78l 

[424] Frank J. Tipler, "Singularities and causality violation", Annals of Physics, Vol. 108, No. 1 
(Sept. 22, 1977), pp. 1-36, doi:10.1016/0003-4916(77)90348-7 , bibcode: 1977An- 
|Phy.l08....lt] . Part of Ref. [4^3} [127 



[425] Frank J. Tipler, "Singularities and Causality Violation", General Relativity and Gravita- 
tion, Vol. 10, No. 12 (Aug. 1979), pp. 983-984, doi:10.1007/BF00776516, bibcode: 
|1979GReGr..T079 83T . [T27l 

[426] Frank J. Tipler, "Cosmological Limits on Computation", International Journal of Theo- 



retical Physics, Vol. 25, No. 6 (June 1986), pp. 617-661, doi:10.1007/BF00670475 



bibcode: 1986IJTR..25..617T, WebCite: 64KHgOccs, <http://goo.gl/cxNze>. First pa 



per on the Omega Point Theory [5] |127 



178 



[427] Frank J. Tipler, "The Structure of the Classical Cosmological Singularity", bibcode: 
1986LIACo..26..339T , in Origin and Early History of the Universe: Proceedings of the 



26th Liege International Astrophyscial Colloquium, July 1-4, 1986 (Cointe-Ougree, Bel- 
gium: Universite de Liege, Institut d'Astrophysique, 1987), pp. 339-359; "Discussion", 
pp. 360-361, LCCN 90195419, bibcode: 1987LIACo..26 D, WebCite: 69cXuQ65H, 



<http://goo.gl/nOGle>. [19 



31 



[428] Frank J. Tipler, "Achieved spacetime infinity", Nature, Vol. 325, No. 6101 (Jan. 15, 
1987), pp. 201-202, doijl0.1038/325201c0|, bibcode: [l987Natur.325..201T| , WebCite: 



66AGI6evM, <http://goo.gl/u3DKf>. 20 



[429] Frank J. Tipler, "The Sensorium of God: Newton and Absolute Space", bibcode: 
1988nnds.conf..215T , WebCite: 69VZHsuDz, <http://goo.gl/RCqqM>, in G[eorge]. 
V Coyne, M[ichal]. Heller and J[ozef]. Zyciriski (Eds.), "Message" by Franciszek 
Macharski, Newton and the New Direction in Science: Proceedings of the Cracow Con- 
ference, 25 to 28 May 1987 (Vatican City: Specola Vaticana, 1988), pp. 215-228, LCCN 
88162460, bibcode: 1988nnds.conf.....C . [5] 

[430] Frank J. Tipler, "The Omega Point Theory: A Model of an Evolving God", WebCite: 
69Vb5X7C6 1 <http://goo.gl/EikFv>, in Robert J. Russell, William R. Stoeger and 
George V Coyne (Eds.), message by John Paul II, Physics, Philosophy, and Theol- 
ogy: A Common Quest for Understanding (Vatican City: Vatican Observatory 2nd ed., 
2005; orig. pub. 1988), pp. 313-331, ISBN 0268015775, LCCN 89203331, bibcode: 

1988pptc.book R. Papers resulting from the Vatican Study Week "Our Knowledge of 

God and Nature: Physics, Philosophy and Theology", Papal Summer Residence at Castel 
Gandolfo, Italy, Sept. 21-26, 1987; which continued with a second meeting at the Cen- 
ter for Theology and Natural Sciences (CTNS), Berkeley, Cal., Jan. 15-16, 1988, jointly 
sponsored by CTNS and the Vatican Observatory (VO). Vol. 1 of 6 of the CTNS/VO Joint 
Program: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action series. [5] 

[431] Frank J. Tipler, "The Anthropic Principle: A Primer for Philosophers", WebCite: 69VaD- 
dHPu, <http://goo.gl/VXdmj>, in Arthur Fine and Jarrett Leplin (Eds.), PSA 1988: 
Proceedings of the 1988 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, Volume 
Two: Symposia and Invited Papers (East Lansing, Mich.: Philosophy of Science Associa- 
tion, 1989), pp. 27-48, ISBN 091758628X . [5] 

[432] Frank J. Tipler, "The Omega Point as Eschaton: Answers to Pannenberg's Questions 
for Scientists", Zygon: Journal of Religion & Science, Vol. 24, No. 2 (June 1989), 
pp. 217-253, doi:10.1111/j.l467-9744.1989.tb01112.x. Republished as Ch. 7: "The 
Omega Point as Eschaton: Answers to Pannenberg's Questions to Scientists", Web- 
Cite: 61sINU6GN, <http://goo.gl/pESkW>, in Carol Rausch Albright and Joel Hau- 



gen (Eds.), Beginning with the End: God, Science, and Wolfhart Pannenberg (Chicago, 



179 



111.: Open Court Publishing Company, 1997), pp. 156-194, ISBN 0812693256, LCCN 
|97000TT 4.|5l[T4l|40l 

[433] Frank J. Tipler, "The ultimate fate of life in universes which undergo inflation", 



Physics Letters B, Vol. 286, Nos. 1-2 (July 23, 1992), pp. 36-43, doi:10.1016/0370- 



2693(92)90155-W , bibcode: 1992PhLB..286...36T , WebCite: 64Uskd785, <http:// 
|goo.gl/rL0Eyt r[5l[T27 



[434] Frank J. Tipler, "A New Condition Implying the Existence of a Constant Mean Curva- 
ture Foliation", bibcode: 1993dgr2.conf..306T , WebCite: 61sJ4Xc5x, <http://goo.gl/ 
fOJKZ>, in B[ei]. L. Hu and T[ed]. A. Jacobson (Eds.), Directions in General Relativity: 
Proceedings of the 1 993 International Symposium, Maryland, Volume 2: Papers in Honor 
of Dieter Brill (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1993), pp. 306-315, ISBN 
0521452678, bibcode: 1993d gr2xonf.....H . [5] 

[435] Frank J. Tipler, The Physics of Immortality: Modern Cosmology, God and the Resurrection 
of the Dead (New York, NY: Doubleday 1994), ISBN 0385467982, LCCN 93045046, 

bibcode: 1994pimc.book T . |6[ [7] [8] |TT] [l3| |T4] [L5] \T7\ [18] [25| [26[ [27J [39] [mj [125 

[T3ffi[T^[T28l[T33l[T4"9" 



[436] Frank J. Tipler, "Ultrarelativistic Rockets and the Ultimate Future of the Universe", 
NASA Breakthrough Propulsion Physics Workshop Proceedings, National Aeronautics 
and Space Administration, Jan. 1999, pp. 111-119, WebCite: 5zPq69I0O, <http:// 
goo.gl/7fQJD>; an invited paper in the proceedings of a conference held at and 
sponsored by Nasa Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio, Aug. 12-14, 1997, doi: 
2060/19990023204, WebCite: 5zPsZWvmz, <http://goo.gl/7HOXv>, Document ID: 
19990023204, Report Number: E-11429; NAS 1.55:208694; NASA/CP-1999-208694. 

[437] Frank J. Tipler, "There Are No Limits To The Open Society", Critical Rationalist, Vol. 3, 
No. 2 (Sept. 23, 1998), WebCite: 5sFYkHgSS, <http://goo.gl/ZUPPq>; ISSN 1393- 
3809[4J[5}[12] 

[438] Frank J. Tipler, Jessica Graber, Matthew McGinley Joshua Nichols-Barrer and Christo- 
pher Staecker, "Closed Universes With Black Holes But No Event Horizons As a 
Solution to the Black Hole Information Problem", arXiv: gr-qc/0003082| Mar. 20, 
2000. Published in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 379, 
No. 2 (Aug. 2007), pp. 629-640, doi:10.1111/j.l365-2966.2007.11895.x , bibcode: 
2007MNRAS.379..629T, WebCite: 5vQ3M8uxB, <http://goo.gl/wEixe >. [4] HJ [12} [l5j 
[127] 

[439] Frank J. Tipler, "Does Quantum Nonlocality Exist? Bell's Theorem and the Many-Worlds 
Interpretation", arXiv ]quant-ph/0003146[ Mar. 30, 2000. Based on "Quantum Non- 



180 



locality Does Not Exist: Bell's Theorem and the Many-Worlds Interpretation", 3rd draft, 
Feb. 13, 1998, WebCite: 69JBSWVLW, <http:// |goo.gl/yyNyd[ >. ||] 

[440] Frank J. Tipler, "The Ultimate Future of the Universe, Black Hole Event Horizon Topolo- 
gies, Holography, and the Value of the Cosmological Constant", in J. Craig Wheeler and 
Hugo Martel (Eds.), Relativistic Astrophysics: 20th Texas Symposium, Austin, Texas, 10- 
15 December 2000 (Melville, NY: American Institute of Physics, 2001), which is AIP Con- 
ference Proceedings, Vol. 586 (Oct. 15, 2001), pp. 769-772, doi:10.1063/l. 1419654 , 
ISBN 0735400261, LCCN 2001094694, bibcode: [20blAIPC..586..769T| . Also at arXiv: 
|astro-ph/01040Tl , Apr. 1, 2001. ^H] 



12 



[441] Frank J. Tipler, "Genesis: How the Universe Began According to Standard Model Particle 
Physics", arXiv:astro-ph/0111520 1 Nov. 28, 2001; for images that go with the article, 
see "Frank J. Tipler, Diagrams", Theophysics: God Is the Ultimate Physicist, WebCite: 
66AFqutXl, <http://goo.gl/Xgf3I>. First article on the Omega Point quantum grav- 
ity/Standard Model Theory of Everything, a fuller analysis of which would later be 



published as Ref. 445 4 12 13 18 24 



[442] Frank J. Tipler, "Refereed Journals: Do They Insure Quality or Enforce Orthodoxy?", 
Progress in Complexity, Information, and Design (PCID; International Society for Com- 
plexity, Information, and Design [ISCID]), Vol. 2, Nos. 1-2 (Jan.-June 2003), WebCite: 
5uCFE6AdQ, <http://goo.gl/V7ba4>. Republished as Ch. 7 in William A. Dembski 
(Ed.), "Foreword" by John Wilson, Uncommon Dissent: Intellectuals Who Find Darwin- 



ism Unconvincing (Wilmington, Del.: ISI Books, 2004), pp. 115 ff., ISBN 1932236309 
LCCN 2004102726. 



[443] Frank J. Tipler, "Intelligent life in cosmology", International Journal of Astrobiology, 
Vol. 2, No. 2 (Apr. 2003), pp. 141-148, doi:10.1017/S1473550403001526, bibcode: 
2003IJAsB...2..141T, WebCite: 66AFzWNCC <http://goo.gl/5DMLk>. Also at arXiv: 
10704.00581 Mar. 31, 2007. |4j [5] |T2l |T3l [T8l [TTT1 [T23] 

[444] Frank Tipler, "The Omega Point and Christianity", on the website of the Stichting 
Teilhard de Chardin— Nederland, WebCite: 66AG8Skt4, <http://goo.gl/Z3XHF>. First 
part published in Dutch in the Stichting's journal as Frank J. Tipler, "Het Punt Omega 
en het Christendom— 1", Gamma, Vol. 10, No. 2 (Apr. 2003), pp. 14-23, WebCite: 
SreSWqCgY, <http://goo.gl/EAE5p> (PDF); WebCite: 5re3tYScV, <http://goo.gl/ 



Rkcfs> (HTML); ISSN 1570-0089 M02 18 



[445] E J. Tipler, "The structure of the world from pure numbers", Reports on Progress in 
Physics, Vol. 68, No. 4 (Apr. 2005), pp. 897-964, doi:10.1088/0034-4885/68/4/R04 



bibcode: 2005RPPh...68..897T , WebCite: SnxSCxKmO, <http://goo.gl/aKHlf>. Also 
released as Frank J. Tipler, "Feynman-Weinberg Quantum Gravity and the Extended 



181 



Standard Model as a Theory of Everything", arXiv: 0704.3276, Apr. 24, 2007. |4j |5] [12 
[T3l[T^|T^ |2l3l |2!l|231|27^|2^ |2^ 



[446] 

[447] 
[448] 
[449] 



F[rank]. J. Tipler, "The Star of Bethlehem: A Type Ia/Ic Supernova in the An- 
dromeda Galaxy?", The Observatory, Vol. 125 (June 2005), pp. 168-174, bibcode: 



2005Obs...l25..168T, WebCite: 5ssISeWb3, <http://goo.gl/7Hb83 >. [II 



Frank J. Tipler, The Physics of Christianity (New York, NY: Doubleday 2007), ISBN 
0385514247, LCCN 2006039028, R [8] [H] [l2l |l8l |l9l |54[ [44} [128] [161] 

Frank J. Tipler, "Biography", at Tipler's Tulane University website, ca. 2007, WebCite: 
5tVyYCoLU, <http://goo.gl/xHTwp>. [127 



[450] 



Frank J. Tipler, "Nonlocality as Evidence for a Multiverse Cosmology", arXiv: 
1008.2764, Aug. 16, 2010. Published in Modern Physics Letters A, Vol. 27, No. 4 
(Feb. 10, 2012), Art. No. 1250019, 6 pp., doi:10.1142/S0217732312500198, bibcode: 
2012MPLA...2750019T. [8] 

John Toland, Infamy: Pearl Harbor and Its Aftermath (New York: Anchor Books, 1992), 
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[468] Steven Weinberg, The First Three Minutes: A Modern View of the Origin of the Uni- 
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186